Israel Overview Chapter 2 Middle East Winter 2007
Israel  - the minority <ul><li>Only state in the world where Jews are the  </li></ul><ul><li>majority </li></ul><ul><li>On...
Jews in Judah <ul><li>Most Jews lived in Judah up until about 2000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonians conquered it i...
 
 
 
 
Punishment <ul><li>Romans changed the name to Palestine  -  Jews spread out over the world – only a few remained in Palest...
Zionism <ul><li>In the late 1800s – Zionists planned for a mass return to Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>In response to the D...
 
Another Generation of Pain <ul><li>WWII - 1933 – Adolf Hitler – 6 Million Jews were killed </li></ul><ul><li>Many Survivor...
A “Jewish State” <ul><li>83 percent </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish law affects everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>Closed on Saturd...
Law of Return <ul><li>1950 </li></ul><ul><li>any Jew from anywhere – can come to Israel and become a citizen immediately <...
Immigration <ul><li>Even prior to 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Population doubled from 1948-1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Continues tod...
A Jewish “Melting Pot” <ul><li>Roots/traditions in 100 different countries </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Jews vs. Ethiopian Je...
Ways of Life - Urban <ul><li>Israeli Life – most live in cities and towns  - in apartments.  </li></ul><ul><li>A quarter o...
Ways of Life - Rural <ul><li>Kibbutz – community jointly owned by the people who live there, mostly agriculture, work toge...
Religion <ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>“ Orthodox Jews” - Similar to Muslim faith in so much that Religion...
Arab Israelis <ul><li>(Muslims living in Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Live separately in villages or neighborhoods </li></ul>...
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Israel Overview

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Israel Overview

  1. 1. Israel Overview Chapter 2 Middle East Winter 2007
  2. 2. Israel - the minority <ul><li>Only state in the world where Jews are the </li></ul><ul><li>majority </li></ul><ul><li>Only – non-Muslim state in the Middle East </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jews in Judah <ul><li>Most Jews lived in Judah up until about 2000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonians conquered it in 586 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Romans in 70 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed the Temple both times. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Western Wall remained standing) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 8. Punishment <ul><li>Romans changed the name to Palestine - Jews spread out over the world – only a few remained in Palestine (Judah) </li></ul><ul><li>This time period became known as the Diaspora – or the settling of Jews outside of Judah </li></ul>
  5. 9. Zionism <ul><li>In the late 1800s – Zionists planned for a mass return to Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>In response to the Discrimination and persecution vs. Jews all over the World </li></ul><ul><li>Bought land and set up settlements in Palestine </li></ul>
  6. 11. Another Generation of Pain <ul><li>WWII - 1933 – Adolf Hitler – 6 Million Jews were killed </li></ul><ul><li>Many Survivors fled to Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Israel became an independent nation in 1948 (UN) </li></ul>
  7. 12. A “Jewish State” <ul><li>83 percent </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish law affects everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>Closed on Saturday – the Sabbath </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrew is the everyday language </li></ul><ul><li>Yiddish </li></ul><ul><li>Religious leaders have political influence </li></ul><ul><li>… .but it is a democracy – Jews have special privileges. </li></ul>
  8. 13. Law of Return <ul><li>1950 </li></ul><ul><li>any Jew from anywhere – can come to Israel and become a citizen immediately </li></ul>
  9. 14. Immigration <ul><li>Even prior to 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Population doubled from 1948-1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Continues today </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to Unify a very diverse Jewish Population </li></ul><ul><li>By 1992 – 75% were natural born </li></ul>
  10. 15. A Jewish “Melting Pot” <ul><li>Roots/traditions in 100 different countries </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Jews vs. Ethiopian Jews </li></ul><ul><li>One goal? A purely Jewish State </li></ul><ul><li>HSL Centers </li></ul>
  11. 16. Ways of Life - Urban <ul><li>Israeli Life – most live in cities and towns - in apartments. </li></ul><ul><li>A quarter of the population lives in the three largest cities: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa </li></ul><ul><li>Very typical blend of Middle Eastern and Western influences. </li></ul>
  12. 17. Ways of Life - Rural <ul><li>Kibbutz – community jointly owned by the people who live there, mostly agriculture, work together, share the profits </li></ul><ul><li>Moshav –cooperative community – live separate – farm together </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share tools, pool crops for sale </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Religion <ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>“ Orthodox Jews” - Similar to Muslim faith in so much that Religion and Government are closely related </li></ul><ul><li>“ Israeli Jews” - A more modern “westernized” take on Judaism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of Church and State </li></ul></ul>
  14. 19. Arab Israelis <ul><li>(Muslims living in Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Live separately in villages or neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Face discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Sets up the Israeli Dilemma </li></ul>

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