Ii Form Exam Day 2 Pp

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Ii Form Exam Day 2 Pp

  1. 1. II FORM EXAM CHAPTERS 4, 5, 6, 7 & 8 GIBBS 2008
  2. 2. QUESTION: <ul><li>After the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms - The British instituted a “dyarchy”. What parts of gov’t did the Indians get? </li></ul>
  3. 3. ANSWER: <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul>
  4. 4. QUESTION: <ul><li>Who was the British Viceroy – who oversaw the Indian Partition Plan? </li></ul>
  5. 5. ANSWER: <ul><li>Lord Louis Mountbatten </li></ul>
  6. 6. QUESTION: <ul><li>Who is most closely associated with the quote, “The self determination of all peoples” </li></ul>
  7. 7. ANSWER: <ul><li>US President – Woodrow Wilson. </li></ul><ul><li>14 points speech </li></ul>
  8. 8. QUESTION: <ul><li>Who assasisnated Gandhi…and why? </li></ul>
  9. 9. ANSWER: <ul><li>N.V. Godse – he was a extremist Hindu who disagreed with Gandhi’s fair/easy treatment of Muslims </li></ul>
  10. 10. QUESTION: <ul><li>How did Gopal K Gokhale and Bal G Tilak disagree on the process of Indian Independence? </li></ul>
  11. 11. ANSWER: <ul><li>Tilak: terrorism and violence </li></ul><ul><li>Gokhale: slow peaceful path to freedom </li></ul>
  12. 12. QUESTION: <ul><li>How did India hope to put an end to “Civil Unrest” after the gained independance </li></ul>
  13. 13. ANSWER: <ul><li>Preventative Detention Law </li></ul>
  14. 14. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is the significance of the relationship between Gandhi and the Rowlatt Laws </li></ul>
  15. 15. ANSWER: <ul><li>Rowlatt Laws led to Amritsar Protest, led to Massacre at Amritsar and that led to Gandhi’s changing his views on British Support </li></ul>
  16. 16. QUESTION: <ul><li>Which is Which? Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think “Sabha” translates to? </li></ul>
  17. 17. ANSWER: <ul><li>Rajya Sabha – Upper House </li></ul><ul><li>Lok Sabha is the Lower House </li></ul><ul><li>Sabha probably means “house” </li></ul>
  18. 18. QUESTION: <ul><li>Which of the following positions would best be described as, “largely ceremonial” </li></ul><ul><li>A.) Viceroy </li></ul><ul><li>B.) Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>C.) Panchayat </li></ul><ul><li>D.) Gram Sevak </li></ul><ul><li>E.) President </li></ul><ul><li>F.) Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>G.) Speaker of the Sabha </li></ul>
  19. 19. ANSWER: <ul><li>President </li></ul>
  20. 20. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is the difference between “ahimsa” and “satyagraha” </li></ul>
  21. 21. ANSWER: <ul><li>Satyagraha: mass resistance to through non-violence. Means “Soul Force” </li></ul><ul><li>Ahimsa: nonviolence to all living things </li></ul>
  22. 22. QUESTION: <ul><li>How could the relationship between the US and India be described as “interdependant”? </li></ul>
  23. 23. ANSWER: <ul><li>A mutually beneficial exchange of goods/services – focusing on things people can’t produce themselves (or can’t produce enough of) </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA: needed food and money (GBF), infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>US – needed the geographic location in WWII </li></ul>
  24. 24. QUESTION: <ul><li>Post WWII – who was the new British Prime minister who was sympathetic to the independence of India? </li></ul>
  25. 25. ANSWER: <ul><li>Clement Attlee </li></ul>
  26. 26. QUESTION: <ul><li>How could you describe the Muslim League’s reaction to the winning of Independence? </li></ul>
  27. 27. ANSWER: <ul><li>They were not overly excited to be integrated into a society where they were the religious minority. Maybe not have been such an issue – except for the fact that both Hinduism and Islam and more than a religion they are a “way of life” </li></ul>
  28. 28. QUESTION: <ul><li>What was the solution to the question of religious coexistence? </li></ul>
  29. 29. ANSWER: <ul><li>Not to co-exist </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of E and W Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Created refugees, poverty, and other orange book stuff, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Violent migrations </li></ul>
  30. 30. QUESTION: <ul><li>Why was it hard for Kashmir to decide to join Hindu India or Muslim Pakistan? </li></ul>
  31. 31. ANSWER: <ul><li>Hindu ruler – Muslim majority </li></ul>
  32. 32. QUESTION: <ul><li>Why did the Indian government choose “neutrality” as a foreign policy? </li></ul>
  33. 33. ANSWER: <ul><li>TRICK QUESTION!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>They chose “non-alignment” </li></ul>
  34. 34. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is the difference between being “neutral” and “non-aligned” </li></ul>
  35. 35. ANSWER: <ul><li>Neutral – never take sides </li></ul><ul><li>Non-aligned – take sides based on case by case basis </li></ul>
  36. 36. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is the difference between Indian Socialism and a Chinese/Soviet system of Socialism. </li></ul>
  37. 37. ANSWER: <ul><li>Big: Government </li></ul><ul><li>Small/Medium: Private </li></ul><ul><li>What designates “big”?: Those which require a lot of capital to run. </li></ul>
  38. 38. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is the “Cottage Industry”? </li></ul>
  39. 39. ANSWER: <ul><li>Industry in the home. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the “sustenance farming” version of Industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Families work from home but produce just enough to support their family. </li></ul>
  40. 40. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is noteworthy about “Goa” </li></ul>
  41. 41. ANSWER: <ul><li>Portuguese colony that they refused to withdraw from after Indian Independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Was taken over by force thanks to the Indian military – much to the chagrin of the US and UN </li></ul><ul><li>It was one of the first, and one of the last European colonies in India </li></ul>
  42. 42. QUESTION: <ul><li>What is a “plebiscite”? </li></ul>
  43. 43. ANSWER: <ul><li>A general vote by the people on a specific question… </li></ul><ul><li>We saw it proposed by the government of Pakistan to try and settle the conflict in Kashmir </li></ul><ul><li>Why was Pakistan so heck bent on having this vote? b/c the majority of Kashmir were Muslim </li></ul>
  44. 44. QUESTION: <ul><li>The majority of the national government offices were located in West Pakistan. Why were the people of East Pakistan so bothered with this? </li></ul>
  45. 45. ANSWER: <ul><li>The majority of the population of Pakistan were located in East Pakistan. A lot of the policies put forth by the gov’t were intended to benefit West Pakistan. Felt a lot like a “taxation without representation” type situation </li></ul>
  46. 46. QUESTION: <ul><li>Indians is to Indian National Congress and Muslims is to______________________ </li></ul>
  47. 47. ANSWER: <ul><li>All Muslim League </li></ul>
  48. 48. QUESTION: <ul><li>Muslims is to All Muslim League as East Pakistanis is to ____________________ </li></ul>
  49. 49. ANSWER: <ul><li>Awami League </li></ul>
  50. 50. QUESTION: <ul><li>How did the fighting in East Pakistan bring to life India’s policy of nonalignment? </li></ul>
  51. 51. ANSWER: <ul><li>After 9 months of brutal murder – the Indian’s intervened and helped the people of East Pakistan – helping these First Bengali Muslims gain their independence – forming Bangladesh </li></ul>
  52. 52. QUESTION: <ul><li>Without going onto worldbank.com – we can assume that East Pakistan had a population of at least_______________ at the time of their fight for independance </li></ul>
  53. 53. ANSWER: <ul><li>21 million </li></ul><ul><li>1 million murdered </li></ul><ul><li>10 million refugees in East Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>10 million refugees crossed the border into India </li></ul>
  54. 54. QUESTION: <ul><li>What kind of orange book effect does the creation of 10 million refugees hae on the economy? </li></ul>
  55. 55. ANSWER: <ul><li>Everything!!! </li></ul><ul><li>GNP, GNP per capita, poverty, lack of jobs, low standard of living, lack of opportunity (jobs, health care, education) </li></ul><ul><li>On and on </li></ul>

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