GO #2 The Constitution of the United States of America “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of AmericaThe Preamble to the Constitution of the United States of America expresses the reasonsthe constitution was written.Purposes of the Constitution What it means1. In order to form a more perfect union 1. (Unite the states)2. to establish Justice 2. (create federal or national court system)3. to Insure domestic tranquility 3. (make sure there is peace between states)4. to provide for a common defense 4. (National army/defense)5. to promote the general welfare 5. (Natural Rights)6. Secure the blessing of liberty 6. (Protect our natural rights/freedoms)The Preamble begins with " _We the People," thereby establishing that the power of thegovernment comes from the _People. The Bill of Rights and Amendments The Amendment process is complex; to date, only 27 Amendment have been added. The process for amending the Constitution includes: Action by Congress or convention, ratification by the states Bill of Rights (the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution) 1 The first Amendment to the constitution guarantees __fundamental rights_ and liberties_. Religion: Government may not establish an official religion, nor endorse, or unduly interfere with the free exercise of religion. Speech: Individuals are free to express their opinions and beliefs. Press: The press has the right to gather and publish information, including that which criticizes the government. Assembly: Individuals may peacefully gather. Petition: Individuals have the right to make their views known to public officials.
2 Bear Arms 3 Quartering of troops. Soldiers cannot be quartered without permission.4 Search and Seizure: Government 5 Extends due process to action of the cannot search your house with a federal government. Prohibits National warrant. government from acting in an unfair manner6 Right to a speedy public trial 7 Right to a trial by a jury. Civil Trial8 Excessive bail shall not be required, nor 9 The Constitution cannot construe or excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and deny other rights people have unusual punishments inflicted attained.10 The powers not delegated to the United 11 states cannot be sued in federal court by a States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by citizen of another state, without the states it to the States, are reserved to the States consent. respectively, or to the people.12 Election of the President and Vice 13 Abolished slavery President14 Defines citizenship: all persons born 15 The right of citizens of the United States to or naturalized in the United States are vote shall not be denied or abridged by the citizens of the U.S. and the state United States or by any State on account of where they reside AND extends due race, color, or previous condition of servitude. process to actions of the states. (prohibits state and local government in acting in an unfair manner)16 Congress has the power to tax 17 Senators elected by popular vote. income.18 Prohibition 19 Suffrage for women20 Presidential and congressional terms 21 Repealed the 18th Amendment22 President Term limits 23 Allows Washington D.C. to vote for the president24 Barred Poll Tax 25 Presidential succession26 Lowered voting age to 18 27 Limited congressional pay increasesThe Amendment process is _complex_; to date, there are _27_ amendments to the Constitutionof the United States. The process for amending the Constitution includes action by congress andratification by the states. This process is outlined in the __constitutions__Process for Amending the Constitution of the United States Proposal: action by Congress or convention Ratification: by the statesProcess for Amending the Constitution of Virginia Proposal: action by General Assembly or convention Ratification: by voters of Virginia