Go #13 local government completed 2011 2012

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Go #13 local government completed 2011 2012

  1. 1. GO # 13 Local Government The units of local government in Virginia are _counties_, _cities_, and __towns_. Local government exercise _legislative__, __executive_, and __judicial_ powers. These units are political subdivisions created by the __General Assembly___ Counties   • Have  an  elected  __board  of  supervisors__,  which  exercises  _legislative__  powers,  enacting   __ordinances__  (local  laws)  and  adopting  an  annual  __budget__.   • May  hire  a  _manager__  to  oversee  the  operation  of  the  local  government.   • __State  Courts__  resolve  judicial  disputes   • Voters  must  elect  a    _sheriff__,  a  clerk  of  the  circuit  court,  a  commissioner  of  _revenue_,  and  a   treasurer.   • Have  an  elected  __school  board_,  which  oversees  the  operation  of  the  K-­‐12  public  schools  in  the  county   Cities   • Have  an  elected  __city  council__,  which  exercises  __legislative__  powers,  enacting  __ordinance__  (local   laws)  and  adopting  an  annual  __budget_.  A  mayor  is  elected  either  by  the  __voters_  or  the  city  council   members.   • May  hire  a  __manager_  to  oversee  the  operation  of  the  local  government.   • __State  Courts__  resolve  judicial  disputes   • Voters  must  elect  a    _sheriff_,  a  clerk  of  the  circuit  court,  a  commissioner  of  __revenue_,  and  a   treasurer.   • Have  an  elected  __school  board__,  which  oversees  the  operation  of  the  K-­‐12  public  schools  in  the   county  Towns  (Incorporated)   • Have  an  elected  __town  council__,  which  exercises  __legislative__  powers,  enacting  __ordinances__   (local  laws)  and  adopting  an  annual  _budget__.  A  mayor  is  elected  either  by  the  _voters_  or  the  city   council  members.   • May  hire  a  __manager_  to  oversee  the  operation  of  the  local  government.   • __State  Courts__  resolve  judicial  disputes   • Voters  must  elect  a    __sheriff_,  a  clerk  of  the  circuit  court,  a  commissioner  of  __revenue__,  and  a   treasurer.    
  2. 2. Virginia local government exercise defined and limited powers, including the powers to • enforce state and local laws • promote public health • protect public safety • educate children • protect the environment • regulate land use • levy and collect taxesThe authority of local governments in Virginia are _derived_ from the _state__.All powers of local governments in Virginia are given to them by the __Constitution of Virginia__ andacts of the _General Assembly_.Not all counties and cities are given the same powers. Cities have __charters_ listing their powers.Counties, cities, and towns adopt and enforce _ordinances_ to provide services for their residents.An elected __board of supervisors_ is the legislative body in counties. While an elected __council_ isthe legislative body in independent cities and incorporated towns.Individuals can have the greatest influence on the decisions made by local government officials.

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