Go #11 civil criminal completed 2011 2012

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Go #11 civil criminal completed 2011 2012

  1. 1. GO # 11 Criminal and Civil Cases Courts  resolve  two     kinds  of  conflicts       In  a  __criminal  case_,  a  court   In  a  __civil  case_,  a  court   determines  whether  a  person   settles  a  disagreement     accused  of  breaking  the  law  is   between  two  parties  to     __guilty_  or  not  __  guilty  __   recover  __damages_  or   of  a  misdemeanor  or  a   receive  compensation     __felony_.         Procedures  for  a  criminal  cases   Procedures  for  a  criminal  cases     • A  person  accused  of  a  crime   • The  plaintiff  files  a  __complaint_   may  be  _arrested_  if  the  police   to  recover  _damages_  or  receive     have  __probable  cause____   compensation.     • The  accused  may  be  committed   • Cases  can  be  heard  by  a  judge  or   to  _jail_  or  released  on  __bail_.   a  jury.     • The  case  proceeds  to  an   • Cases  can  be  _appealed_.   arraignment  where  __probable     cause_  is  reviewed,  an  attorney     may  be  appointed  for  the   defendant,  and  a  _plea_  is     entered.   • A  court  date  is    set,  and  a     __trial_  is  conducted.     • A  guilty  _verdict_  may  be   appealed.          
  2. 2.   Due  process  of  law:  The  constitutional  protection  against  __unfair  government_  actions     and  laws         The  5th  Amendment   The  14th  Amendment     prohibits  the  _national_   prohibits  the  _state_  and     government  from  acting   _local_  governments   in  an  unfair  manner.   from  acting  in  an  unfair   manner.     The  Supreme  Court  has  extended  the  guarantees  of  the  Bill  of  Rights,  based  upon  the   due  process  clause.   Procedures  for  cases  involving  juveniles   • Judges  have  greater  latitude  in  handling  juvenile  cases   • Juveniles  who  commit  serious  crimes  can  be  tried  as  adults   Magistrates  issue  search  warrants,  subpoenas,  arrest  warrants,  and  summons  and   set  bail.  

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