GO # 11 Criminal and Civil Cases Courts resolve two kinds of conflicts In a __criminal case_, a court In a __civil case_, a court determines whether a person settles a disagreement accused of breaking the law is between two parties to __guilty_ or not __ guilty __ recover __damages_ or of a misdemeanor or a receive compensation __felony_. Procedures for a criminal cases Procedures for a criminal cases • A person accused of a crime • The plaintiff files a __complaint_ may be _arrested_ if the police to recover _damages_ or receive have __probable cause____ compensation. • The accused may be committed • Cases can be heard by a judge or to _jail_ or released on __bail_. a jury. • The case proceeds to an • Cases can be _appealed_. arraignment where __probable cause_ is reviewed, an attorney may be appointed for the defendant, and a _plea_ is entered. • A court date is set, and a __trial_ is conducted. • A guilty _verdict_ may be appealed.
Due process of law: The constitutional protection against __unfair government_ actions and laws The 5th Amendment The 14th Amendment prohibits the _national_ prohibits the _state_ and government from acting _local_ governments in an unfair manner. from acting in an unfair manner. The Supreme Court has extended the guarantees of the Bill of Rights, based upon the due process clause. Procedures for cases involving juveniles • Judges have greater latitude in handling juvenile cases • Juveniles who commit serious crimes can be tried as adults Magistrates issue search warrants, subpoenas, arrest warrants, and summons and set bail.