Presentation 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reporductive System


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Presentation 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reporductive System

  1. 1. By: Maria Garcia<br />Medical Terminology<br />Presentation 10<br />Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System- Gynecologist- Uterus- Vagina- Ovaries- Tubal ligation<br />
  2. 2. Gynecologist: “ The Science of Women”<br />A gynecologist is a Doctor that deals with the health of the female reproductive system such as the uterus, vagina and ovaries<br />Almost all gynecologist are Obstetricians.<br />The conditions gynecologist deal with are: <br /> -Cancer of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, and vulva<br /> -Amenorrhoea :absent menstrual periods<br /> -Dysmenorrhoea: painful menstrual periods<br /> -Infertility<br /> -Menorrhagia : heavy menstrual periods<br /> -Infections of the vagina, cervix and uterus, including fungal, bacterialand viral<br />
  3. 3. Uterus (Womb)<br />A pear shaped organ that is bent forward with a thick muscular wall and mucous membrane lining<br />Tied to the pelvic cavity between bladder and rectum<br />There are 3 sections to the uterus: fundus, corpus and cervix<br />The inner layer is known as the endometrium which contains a rich blood supply and provides nourishment and protection for a developing baby<br />
  4. 4. Uterus (Womb)<br />When a women is delivering a baby her uterus contracts with the thick muscular wall of the uterus, this is known as myometrium<br />The lining of the uterus nourishes the baby throughout the pregnancy<br />When there is no established pregnancy a women will begin her menstrual period<br />
  5. 5. Vagina<br />The vagina is an elastic, muscular canal or tube with a soft, flexible lining that provides lubrication and sensation. <br />The vagina receives the penis and semen during sexual intercourse and serves as a channel for menstrual flow from the uterus. <br />During childbirth, the baby passes through the vagina<br />Contains a thin membrane of tissue called the hymen that surrounds and narrows the vaginal opening. It may be torn or ruptured by sexual activity, tampons or by exercise<br />
  6. 6. Ovaries<br />A women has 2 ovaries that are the size of an almond. They are located on each side of the uterus within the pelvic bone<br />Ovaries produce ova and sex hormones<br />Hormones follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) trigger ovulation<br />Ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone which stimulate the lining of the uterus so it can receive a fertilized ovum<br />
  7. 7. Tubal ligation<br />Is known as having your tubes tied or tubal sterilization<br />It is a permanent birth control where the tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy<br />It disrupts the movement of the egg to the uterus for fertilization and blocks sperm<br />It does not affect a women’s menstrual cycle<br />
  8. 8. When can tubal ligation be done?<br />A tubal ligation can be done at any time, it can be done after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgical procedure, such as a C-section. It's possible to reverse a tubal ligation, but reversal requires major surgery and isn't always effective<br />
  9. 9. Why is tubal ligation done?<br />It’s main reason is to prevent pregnancy<br />For some women it decreases the risk of ovarian cancer<br />It is not appropriate for those who might want to become pregnant, obese, have severe cardiac or pulmonary disease, have blood-clotting problems, internal abdominal scarring, pre-existing gynecologic conditios, such as irregular periods or abnormally heavy or prolonged periods.<br />
  10. 10. What are the risks of tubal ligation?<br />It is a major surgery and can damage your bowel, bladder or major blood vessels<br />Wound infection<br />Pelvic or abdominal pain<br />Risky if you had a previous pelvic or abdominal surgery<br />History of pelvic inflammatory disease <br />Not recommended if you are obese<br />Not recommended if you are diabetic<br />