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Elizabethan Theatre Pd. 7/8


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Elizabethan Theatre Pd. 7/8

  1. 1. Elizabethan Theatre<br />Jason Soong<br />Maddy Margulies<br />Melissa Reinbold<br />
  2. 2. Actors and Playwrights<br />John Lyly: The Courtly Dreamer<br />One of the first of the Elizabethan university wits<br />Thomas Kyd: Father of the Revenge Tragedy<br />Fame from basically a single work<br />The Spanish Tragedy is an extremely popular and influential play<br />George Peele: Poet of Pageant and Drama<br />Large selection of genres<br />Christopher Marlowe: Risk Taker and Mystery Maker<br />Most accomplished and important playwright before Shakespeare<br />Thought to be a secret agent for the Queen<br />
  3. 3. Actors and Playwrights Cont’d.<br />Robert Greene: A Man at War Within Himself<br />Most important and colorful of playwrights<br />Wrote first famous romantic comedy<br />Disliked Shakespeare, openly accused him of stealing his works<br />William Shakespeare: A Playwright of All Time<br />Greatest playwright of all time<br />Led an almost totally mysterious and undocumented life<br />Ben Jonson: Shrewd Critic of Human Follies<br />Considered more important than Shakespeare<br />Lived a more controversial life<br />More interesting to the public<br />
  4. 4. Actors and their Companies<br />Before Elizabethan times, actors  Social outcasts<br />Mid 16th century  actors formed groups called companies<br />Example: The Queen’s Men was a famous group and had the most highly skilled actors<br />Playwrights and acting companies did not make a lot of money<br />Companies sponsored by nobles to gain political protect<br />
  5. 5. Role of an Actor<br />Most important part of the play<br />Needed to memorize lots of dialogues<br />Memorize as many as 50 different parts for 25 different plays in a single month<br />Needed to show lots of emotion and big gestures<br />Compensation for lack of props and sets<br />Spoke clearly, quickly, but musically<br />
  6. 6. Plays before Elizabethan Times<br />Religious shows     <br />Simple shows that depicted biblical stories for church use<br />Simple with no dramatic action and boring for audiences<br />Mystery Cycles<br />Performed in churches, but more popular<br />Depicted famous biblical scenes and accomplishments of saints<br />Morality Shows<br />Combination of religious drama and nonreligious entertainment<br />
  7. 7. Elizabethan Shows<br />Elizabethan plays:<br />Intricate plots with deeper and more varied characterization<br />Growing emphasis on "true to life" situations<br />Classification of comedy, history and tragedy<br />
  8. 8. Elizabethan Shows Cont’d.<br />Comedy: "Happily ever after" plays that usually ended in marriage<br />Ex. A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Merry Wives of Windsor<br />
  9. 9. Elizabethan Shows Cont’d.<br />History: Play that is based of off lives of people and events that occurred<br />Ex. Henry V, Henry VIII, Richard II<br />
  10. 10. Elizabethan Shows Cont’d.<br />Tragedy: Shows with "tragic heroes" that undergo a series of unfortunate events which usually leads in death of lead<br />Ex. Hamlet, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet<br />
  11. 11. Theaters<br />Small, cramped and dirty (by our modern standards)<br />The Swan-The Rose ( the Globe's rival theater who had Christopher Marlowe)<br />The Theatre (the first playhouse in England and original theater before the Globe) <br />
  12. 12. Theaters Cont’d.<br />The Globe - important theatre; probably most famous because associated with Shakespeare. <br />1642  Puritans took down all theatres, closed all places that had to do with entertainment<br /> Sam Wanamaker  Rebuilt Globe Theatre<br />
  13. 13. The Stage<br />Platform stage<br />Trap doors – actors hidden from audience and appear<br />Large and located in the center of the stage<br />Curtains used for backdrops<br />
  14. 14. Sets<br />No sets or backdrops<br />Audience used imagination to create scenery<br />No modern lighting<br />Used natural lights<br />Words were more valued than secenery<br />
  15. 15. Costumes<br />Costumes were expensive and fancy<br />Very large w/ lots of decorations and colorful fabric<br />Compensation for lack of sets<br />Helped differentiate between characters<br />
  16. 16. Props and Effects<br />Props were important to shows because of no set<br />Expensive, so there weren’t many<br />Took lots of time to make<br />Famous prop  Cannon in The Globe<br />Musicians added effects<br />
  17. 17. Audience<br />Lots of audience participation<br />Audience determined fate of the show<br />Brought food and threw it if they didn’t like the performance<br />