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Participatory working in the U.K.


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Presentation on two examples of my work to British Council local governance conference in Chongqing, China, 27 Sept 07

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Participatory working in the U.K.

  1. 1. Participatory working in the UK Two case studies: The Castleford Project Dott07 Middlesbrough
  2. 2. Context <ul><li>Efficiency of public services </li></ul><ul><li>Need to create user-orientated services </li></ul><ul><li>Promote social justice </li></ul><ul><li>Promote social, cultural and economic participation and inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Need to generate public and private confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Create healthier society </li></ul><ul><li>Raise investor confidence in deprived communities </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two projects <ul><li>Castleford - an urban development initiative (2003 - present) </li></ul><ul><li>Middlesbrough - a healthy food systems project (2006 - present) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Castleford
  5. 29. Impacts to date (since March 2003) <ul><li>10 new public realm projects created and delivered </li></ul><ul><li>3 new community groups & 2 business associations formed </li></ul><ul><li>£100k seed grant from Channel 4 developed in to £14m capital & £3m revenue fund </li></ul><ul><li>New retail, residential and cultural development plans in place for the town, valued at over £200m </li></ul><ul><li>Other investments in Castleford: £20m in proposed new local museum and transport interchange </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of local, national and international designers and artists </li></ul>
  6. 49. Lol Coxhill in a skip Concept Simon Thackray. Produced by The Shed. Photo: Tony Bartholomew
  7. 51. Lol Coxhill in a skip Concept Simon Thackray. Produced by The Shed. Photo: Tony Bartholomew
  8. 52. Lol Coxhill in a skip Concept Simon Thackray. Produced by The Shed. Photo: Tony Bartholomew
  9. 57. Techniques <ul><li>Public involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative design, planning and decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Events programme </li></ul><ul><li>Participative arts </li></ul><ul><li>Creative commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Skills training for community leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul>
  10. 58. Partnership <ul><li>Local government </li></ul><ul><li>National government </li></ul><ul><li>National Regeneration agency </li></ul><ul><li>Regional economic development agency </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Charitable sector/NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Community & residents groups </li></ul><ul><li>Local business & industry </li></ul><ul><li>Arts sector </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector property developers </li></ul>
  11. 59. Middlesbrough
  12. 66. The town <ul><li>57% of people live in most deprived areas of England </li></ul><ul><li>Low life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>High incidence early death </li></ul><ul><li>Higher than regional average number of people feel “in poor health” </li></ul><ul><li>Lower % than national average eat ‘5-a-day’ </li></ul><ul><li>Under-achievement of local schools </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 50% of front gardens are more than three quarters paved </li></ul>
  13. 67. The bigger picture <ul><li>24% of U.K. carbon footprint is food production and consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus previously developed land </li></ul><ul><li>Need for “food sovereignty” </li></ul><ul><li>Disconnect between urban and rural </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge of where food comes from </li></ul>
  14. 68. Local challenge <ul><li>Create clean, safe environments </li></ul><ul><li>Improve run down landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce deaths from heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce stress-related illness </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce consumption fatty foods </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce CO2 emissions </li></ul>
  15. 69. The Project <ul><li>‘Grow zones’ </li></ul><ul><li>Meal assembly centre </li></ul><ul><li>Town Meal </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity map </li></ul><ul><li>DOTT Festival </li></ul>
  16. 77. Strategic plan <ul><li>‘ Opportunity map’ for food production in the town in the future from architect/planners Andre Viljoen & Katrina Bohn </li></ul><ul><li>This will map existing allotments, containerised growing within the project, vacant land in the town, farming on the periphery </li></ul><ul><li>The value of this map is to begin to build a food producing vision for the town and its landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the spatial reach and economic value of food to the town and its social, economic and physical landscape </li></ul>
  17. 80. Techniques <ul><li>Take people on a journey </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for collective activity </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-contracted delivery of project strands </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised co-operation </li></ul>
  18. 81. Project partners <ul><li>61 local organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Local government </li></ul><ul><li>Regional economic development agency </li></ul><ul><li>Design Council </li></ul><ul><li>Health authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Local urban development organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Charitable sector/NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer’s organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Food producers </li></ul><ul><li>Food retailers </li></ul><ul><li>Private property companies </li></ul>
  19. 82. Outcomes <ul><li>New demand for urban agriculture in the town </li></ul><ul><li>Revised local government strategy towards food production and supply </li></ul><ul><li>New connections between rural and urban communities </li></ul><ul><li>Increased demand for locally supplied food </li></ul>
  20. 85. David Barrie [email_address]