Mozambique floods powerpoint


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Mozambique floods powerpoint

  1. 1. Mozambique Floods
  2. 2. <ul><li>Mozambique is on the East coast of Africa, bordering South Africa, Zimbabwe, Malawi and United Republic of Tanzania. </li></ul><ul><li>The population is around 20 million and is still growing. </li></ul>Where is Mozambique?
  3. 3. <ul><li>The capital Maputo was flooded, as was the road between the capital and the second largest city, Beira. </li></ul><ul><li>On 22 February, tropical Cyclone Eline hit the Mozambique coast near Beira. </li></ul><ul><li>On February 27, flash floods inundated low farmlands around Chokwe and Xai-Xai. </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa, Botswana and Swaziland were also badly affected. </li></ul>What were the worst affected areas? Worst affected area
  4. 4. <ul><li>The floods started on 9 February with heavy rainfall across Southern Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>In early 2000 a cyclone swept across southern Africa leading to three weeks of severe floods which devastated Mozambique. </li></ul>Causes of the flood
  5. 5. <ul><li>On 22 February, the full force of tropical Cyclone Eline hit the Mozambique coast near the central city of Beira . Winds measure 260km/h (160 mph). </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy rainfall and swollen rivers in the rest of southern Africa brought more water into Mozambique. There was severe flood damage when the swollen Limpopo River burst its banks. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2 March, floodwater levels had risen from four to eight metres (more than 26 feet) in five days. </li></ul>Causes (cont.)
  6. 6. <ul><li>Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless in Mozambique's worst flooding in 50 years. </li></ul><ul><li>In the capital Maputo tens of thousands of people were forced to flee their homes. The worst hit were people living in makeshift homes in the slums around the capital. </li></ul>Effects of the flood
  7. 7. <ul><li>Further north, hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless in Gaza province. </li></ul><ul><li>Roads, homes, bridges and crops were destroyed. Electricity supplies were disrupted and towns left without clean water supplies after their pumping stations were swept away. </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding in Sofala made Mozambique's main north-south road impassable, cutting transport links between the capital and the second city, Beira. </li></ul>Effects of the flood (cont.)
  8. 8. <ul><li>United Nations officials said the lives of 150,000 people were in immediate danger from lack of food and disease. Many families in the Limpopo Valley north of Maputo were hit by outbreaks of dysentery. </li></ul><ul><li>By 22 February some 23,000 people had lost everything. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2 March, aid workers estimated 100,000 people needed to be evacuated and around 7,000 were trapped in trees. </li></ul>Effects of the flood (cont.)
  9. 9. <ul><li>It could take years to rebuild the infrastructure damaged by a tropical cyclone and three weeks of severe floods. </li></ul><ul><li>$13m was needed for urgent relief supplies and the government asked for more than $65m to help rebuild the country's roads, bridges and power supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>By 3 March, The international community began to send in relief workers and helicopters. </li></ul>Response to the flood
  10. 10. <ul><li>Alison Woodhead of the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC), said the top priority was providing clean water. </li></ul><ul><li>Relief agencies distributed hygiene kits, including oral rehydration salts and antibiotics, and collapsible water tanks, which could be mounted on lorries and driven to affected areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Save the Children reunited families separated in the floods. </li></ul>Response to the flood (cont.)
  11. 11. <ul><li>More trees were planted in order to soak up more water before it reaches the river. </li></ul><ul><li>The river channel was deepened in order to increase the volume of water that the river could hold </li></ul><ul><li>Embankments and flood barriers/walls were built as this too would increase the capacity of the river. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In May, international donors meeting in Rome promised Mozambique nearly $453m to help rebuild the economy and infrastructure - $3m more than the Mozambique Government had requested. </li></ul><ul><li>There were thousands of people stuck in trees but the military could only help a fraction of these people </li></ul><ul><li>An early warning system was introduced </li></ul>