The Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the PillarIt is a Roman Catholic church inthe city centre of Zaragoza.The Basilica venerates BlessedVirgin Mary, under her title OurLady of the Pillar.It is reputed to be the first churchdedicated to Mary in history.According to ancient local tradition,soon after the crucifixion andresurrection of Jesus, St.Jameswas preaching in Spain. While hewas deep in prayer by the banks ofthe Ebro, the mother of Godappeared to him and gave him asmall wooden statue of herself anda column of jasper and instructedhim to build a church in her honor.
About a year after theapparition, Jamesarranged to build a smallchapel in Mary’s honour.This first chapel waseventually destroyed, but the statue and thepillar stayed intact underthe protection of peopleof Zaragoza.The tiny chapel latergave way to a Basilica;subsequently beingtransformed intoRomanesque, themGothic then Mudejarstyles.
The present church is inBaroque style. In 1725, it wasdecided to change the aspect ofthe Holy Chapel. The buildingwas transformed into itspresent dimensions of 130meters long by 67 wide, with itseleven cupolas and fourtowers. Around the Holy Chapelare the vaults or domes paintedby Goya.During the Spanish CivilWar, theree bombs weredropped on the church andnone of them exploded. Two ofthem are still shown in theBasilica.
La Seo CathedralThe Cathedral of the Savior isa Roman Catholic cathedralin Zaragoza. It is part of theWorld Heritage Site MudéjarArchitecture.It is located on the Plaza dela Seo.The location of the Seo hasits roots in the old Romanforum of Caesaraugusta.
La Seo was built on thesite of the ancientRoman forum of CaesarAugustus and of themain mosque of theMoorish.The cathedral is amixture of styles, fromthe Romanesque apseto the Baroque towerand Neo-Classical maindoor, passing throughMudéjar and Gothic. MUDÉJAR
Moorish PALACIO DEcastle or palace. LA ALJAFERÍA Palacio musulmán siglo XI