The Beginning 1450 Slavery BeginsPortuguese begin exploring Africa and trading for goods, including ten slaves brought back to Portugal The Spanish begin enslaving Native Americans in America, but soon switch to African slaves because the Native Americans will not work or often escape
The Beginning Early slaves often had theright to marry, worship, go to court, and sometimes own land. However, things began to change as the colonies began to prosper and more slaves were imported
Free Colonies William Penn and JamesOglethorpe established laws protecting all men and outlawing slavery Unfortunately, economic pressure and English slave laws put an end to equal rights.
STOP AND DISCUSSIWhy do you think the rightsof slaves began to disappearas the colonies became moreprosperous and more slaveswere imported?
Growth of SlaveryI The growth of the rice, indigo,tobacco and cotton industriescreates a massive need for slaves(free labor) in the south. By 1700,the triangular trade routes wereestablished By 1700 (250,000 colonists)1,000 slaves in New England Colonies 4,000 slaves in Middle Colonies 23,000 slaves in Southern Colonies
Slave Resistance & RebellionsI Many slaves resisted by working slower, escaping, and occasionally fighting or killing slave ownersI Although the slave population outnumbered white colonists, slaves were held down with strict laws and rules set up by colonial and English laws
Slave CodesIn order to maintain control of the largeslave population, slave codes were often installed in the colonies. They included laws such as:1. Restricted Movement/Set Curfews2.Slaves were allowed to be executed forcertain crimes3.Made it difficult for them gain freedom4.Slaves were not allowed to learn a skilledtrade5.Restricted the number of slaves that couldmeet together6.Could not testify in court7. Could not strike a white person or escape
Slave Resistance & Rebellions STONO REBELLION The largest and most violent slave rebellion occurred in 1739 in South Carolina. A group of about 20 slaves kill a few guards, steal a few weapons and begin marching toward Florida. As they march south they gather more slaves, burn houses and kill colonists along the way. Later, a militia of farmers catches up with the slaves and kills many of them. The rest are tracked down and often killed. According to historian, Herbert Aptheker, therewere more than 250 slave revolts between 1619 and 1835
The End 1865 Slavery Ends The end of the Civil War and the 13th amendment officially end slaveryDuring the slave trade 30 million Africans are captured. 10 million die during capture10 million die during voyage (middle passage) 10 million make it to America and are enslaved