Unit 4, Lesson 2

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Unit 4, Lesson 2

  1. 1. Who Founded the Colonies and Why? Unit 4, Lesson 2 By Mr. Casey
  2. 2. Agenda Vocabulary Unit 4, Lesson 2 - Who Founded the Colonies and Why?
  3. 3. Separatists (noun) a group of people from England who wanted to separate themselves from the Church of England
  4. 4. Persecution (noun) unjust treatment
  5. 5. pilgrim (noun) a person who travels to a place for religious reasons
  6. 6. Puritan (noun) a person from England who wanted to improve the Church of England
  7. 7. dissenter (noun) a person whose views are different from those of his or her leaders
  8. 8. Lesson 2- Colonies Corporate Colonies *Control of land and settlers was given to a business Proprietary Colonies *Control of land and settlers was given to a proprietor or group of proprietors
  9. 9. Lesson 2- Colonies Royal Colonies *Control of land and settlers stayed with the monarch (king) and was run through officials Virginia, New York, New Jersey,Massachusetts, New Hampshire, North Carolina, South Carolina By 1752 monarchs had changed most of the colonies into Royal Colonies
  10. 10. Lesson 2PURITANS - The Puritans received a charter from the King of England. Created the Massachusetts Bay Company and in 1630 settled Massachusetts. They were led by John Winthrop. PURITANS - called Puritans because they believed in a pure church. They were happy to break away from the Catholic church, but still weren’t happy with the Church of England. It wasn’t pure enough.
  11. 11. Lesson 2PURITANS - in ten years the population of the Massachusetts colony goes from 700 to more than 20,000 The Puritans
  12. 12. Lesson 2- The Puritans PURITANS - They wanted to follow the bible 100%. They wanted to create a community that was an example for the world. They escaped religious persecution but they created a new community that didn’t tolerate any other religions.
  13. 13. Lesson 2- The Puritans Why are the Puritans important? 1. Created a system of selfgovernment (every man could vote) 2. Church leaders were most important people in society but they didn’t create laws (separation of church and state...kind of) 3. Valued Education (Harvard & Public Education) 4. 1641 -Made slavery legal
  14. 14. Puritan Dissenters Roger Williams - a well liked Puritan teacher. He preached that the Puritan government was not separate from the church. He wanted true separation of church and state, and freedom of religion. The Puritans kicked him out. He moved to present day Rhode Island and started the town of Providence in 1636.
  15. 15. Puritan Dissenters Ann Hutchinson - a popular Puritan woman. She held bible meetings and began preaching against many of the stricter Puritan laws (like religious intolerance and interpreting the bible). She wanted freedom of religion. She was tried by a jury and kicked out of the colony. She co-founded Portsmouth, Rhode Island. "You have stepped out of your place, you have rather been a husband than a wife, a preacher than a hearer, and a magistrate than a subject."
  16. 16. Puritan Dissenters Thomas Hooker - a great speaker and respected Puritan, he disagreed with John Cotton, the leader of the Puritan community. In 1636 he founded Hartford and the colony of Connecticut. He helped create the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (considered to be the first written constitution).

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