Unit 2, Lesson 2


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Unit 2, Lesson 2

  1. 1. Who were the explorers and what did they find? UNIT 2, LESSON 2 <ul><li>By: Mr. Casey </li></ul>
  2. 2. Carto g ra p her (Noun) A person who makes maps or charts
  3. 3. Colon y (Noun) an area or place that is ruled by a distant country
  4. 4. Reform (VERB) TO CHANGE Martin Luther Ninety-Five theses
  5. 5. Convert (VERB) To change someone’s or one’s own beliefs
  6. 6. Em p eror (NOUN) the ruler of an empire Moctezuma Ruler of the Aztec Empire
  7. 7. Circumnavi g ate (NOUN) The act of sailing around something Magellan
  8. 8. SPANISH POWER <ul><li>The Cause & Effect of Spain’s power </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ferdinand and Isabella Marry, joining two kingdoms
  10. 10. SPANISH INQUISITION (1478) <ul><li>“ You aren’t catholic? Get out or convert!” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Columbus Finds the New World <ul><li>Columbus starts a wave of exploration and trade </li></ul>
  12. 12. The VASCO EFFECT <ul><li>Vasco de Gama finds a new route to Asia (1497). The portuguese focus efforts and resources on a route to asia </li></ul>
  13. 13. BALBOA’S GOLD <ul><li>Vasco Nunez de balboa explores the area around modern day panama and discovers the pacific ocean and gold </li></ul><ul><li>then he sends 30,000 pieces of gold to the king of spain which creates a gold rush riches </li></ul>
  14. 14. CHARLES I <ul><li>Charles I comes to power (1516) and eventually creates a vast empire </li></ul><ul><li>He becomes Charles V, holy roman emperor and wants to spread catholicism </li></ul>
  15. 15. CHARLES I Spain increases its power and empire
  16. 16. THE CONQUISTADORS “The Conquerers”
  17. 17. CORTES & The Aztecs <ul><li>aztec empire is huge (200,000 soldiers) </li></ul><ul><li>1519 -cortes only has 500 men, 16 horses, and 11 ships </li></ul><ul><li>Aztec people believe in the prophecy of Quetzalcoatl </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma sends gold plates and tells him not to come </li></ul><ul><li>cortes gathers tribes that oppose the aztecs to help him with the help of dona marina </li></ul>
  18. 18. CORTES & The Aztecs <ul><li>Cortes goes directly to Tenochtitlan </li></ul><ul><li>Many other tribes see Cortes as a liberator </li></ul><ul><li>It takes him two years and reinforcements but he defeats the aztecs in 1521 </li></ul><ul><li>His army, disease, guns, and horses help him defeat the aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>They take control of the aztec lands and replace tenochtitlan with mexico city </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pizzaro & The inca
  20. 20. SPANISH POWER <ul><li>Portuguese focus on routes to africa and the new world (Vasco de gama 1498) </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther and the protestant reformation create a rift between the Catholic church and other religions (1517) </li></ul><ul><li>The New World holds great riches (Gold, land, crops) </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish not only want to get rich, but now they want to spread catholicism across the world, Especially this new World (Reconquista) </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Inquisition - (1478) Not catholic? “Get Out!” </li></ul>