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Syrian uprising


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Syrian uprising

  1. 1. Syrian Uprising March 15, 2011 to Present
  2. 5. Arab Spring <ul><li>The Arab Spring is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests in the Arab world put on by people who want change </li></ul><ul><li>The Arab Spring began on December 18, 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>To date, there have been revolutions in the following countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tunisia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a civil war in Libya resulting in the fall of the country's government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>civil uprisings in Bahrain, Syria, and Yemen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>major protests in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Oman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>minor protests in Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Western Sahara </li></ul></ul>
  3. 6. The Arab World
  4. 7. Current Leader of Syria <ul><li>Bashar al-Assad </li></ul>
  5. 9. Causes of Uprising <ul><li>Authoritarian government </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of an effective constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Government corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration from other uprisings-Egypt, Libya, etc </li></ul>
  6. 10. Goals of Uprising <ul><li>Resignation of Bashar al-Assad </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Regime change(50 years of rule) </li></ul><ul><li>Expand civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of Kurdish rights </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of the Supreme State Security Court </li></ul><ul><li>Lifting of the emergency law(48 years) </li></ul>
  7. 11. The Protests <ul><li>Syrian protesters have employed the use of tactics such as marches, hunger strikes, rioting, and vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Since the summer(2011), armed militia groups have started fighting back against the government </li></ul>
  8. 12. Syrian Gov’t Responds to Protests <ul><li>Deployed tanks and snipers as a means to stop protesters </li></ul><ul><li>Water and electricity have been shut off in certain areas </li></ul><ul><li>Security forces have resorted to confiscating flour and food </li></ul><ul><li>The Syrian Army has surrounded numerous cities </li></ul><ul><li>According to witness accounts, soldiers who have refused to open fire against civilians were executed by the Syrian Army </li></ul>
  9. 13. Syrian Gov’t Responds to Protests <ul><li>There have been cases of rape, torture and killing of women and children </li></ul>
  10. 14. UN and US Reaction <ul><li>Nations/People/Organizations condemning Syrian violence against protesters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Arab League </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the European Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Organization of Islamic Cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Gulf Cooperation Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many others have condemned the use of violence against the protesters </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. UN Peacekeepers? <ul><li>UN Peacekeepers </li></ul><ul><li>Russia and China vetoed a UN Security Council resolution that proposed a plan for Syrian president Bashar Assad to step down. </li></ul><ul><li>This greatly upset the US and UN </li></ul>