Or Somewhere in Between?
• List of political parties in the United States
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Emergence of the Tea Party
• Emerged in 2009 after the bailout of the US’s
financial institutions(President Bush-2008), the
economic stimulus package(President Obama-
2009) and the new health care law(President
• The name is taken from the Boston Tea Party as
they protested against the British King at the
• Tends to be very conservative and libertarian in
Core Beliefs of Tea Party
• Illegal Aliens Are Here illegally.
• Pro-Domestic Employment Is Indispensable.
• Stronger Military Is Essential.
• Special Interests Eliminated.
• Gun Ownership Is Sacred.
• Government Must Be Downsized.
• National Budget Must Be Balanced.
• Deficit Spending Will End.
• Bail-out And Stimulus Plans Are Illegal.
• Reduce Personal Income Taxes A Must.
• Reduce Business Income Taxes Is Mandatory.
• Political Offices Available To Average Citizens.
• Intrusive Government Stopped.
• English As Core Language Is Required.
• Traditional Family Values Are Encouraged.
• Common Sense Constitutional
• Conservative Self-Governance
• Not all Democrats or Republicans agree on all
issues within their party
• Discuss media bias—Fox News vs CNN
• Where you live can effect what party you belong
• 2012 Electoral College Map-County by County
The Electoral College System
• Discuss setup
• Discuss weakness
• Discuss shifts in
• Republicans are conservative
– favor traditional institutions and the status
– favor laissez-faire system
– favor a limited role for government in
society and believe that people should
help themselves, not rely on the
– favor lower taxes
– believe in the trickle-down theory
– Believe in rugged individualism
• Democrats are liberal
– favor change in society
– oppose government intervention into one’s private and
– support regulations on economic activity and
– favor an active role for government in society
– believe that involvement – be it environmental
regulations against polluting or anti-discrimination
laws- can improve the quality of our lives
– willing to increase taxes to support programs
– Abortion is a woman’s right and should be
– Abortion should be illegal and restricted by
Abortion Laws prior to 1973 Roe V. Wade Case
Purple--Legal in cases of rape.
Blue-Legal in cases of danger to woman's health.
Green-Legal in cases of danger to woman's health, rape or incest, or likely damaged fetus.
Yellow-Legal upon request.
Pregnancy, Birth, Abortion, and Fetal Loss Rates Per
1,000 Women Aged 15--19 Years, by Race and Hispanic
Parental Consent and
– Flag burning is political
speech and is
protected by the
– Protect the flag from
burning by a
– Favor/Gun control is needed
– Oppose/Gun control is unconstitutional
• NRA-ILA :: Gun Laws
– Strong regulations are needed to protect the
– Strong environmental laws harm the economy
– Strong anti-discrimination laws are needed
– favor affirmative action
– People and businesses can be trusted not to
– Many oppose affirmative action
• Affirmative Action Timeline
– Favor/Increase the minimum wage to help
– Oppose/Do not raise the minimum wage
because it hurts businesses
– Government should require universal access to
– Private insurers are preferable to government
The Affordable Care Act-March 2010
– Increase taxes on the wealthy to pay for
– Cutting taxes for everyone helps the economy
2012 Tax Brackets
Married filing jointly or
Head of household
10% Up to $8,700 Up to $17,400 Up to $8,700 Up to $12,400
15% $8,701 - $35,350 $17,401 - $70,700 $8,701- $35,350 $12,401 - $47,350
25% $35,351 - $85,650 $70,701 - $142,700 $35,351 - $71,350 $47,351 - $122,300
28% $85,651 - $178,650 $142,701 - $217,450 $71,351 - $108,725 $122,301 - $198,050
33% $178,651 - $388,350 $217,451 - $388,350 $108,726 - $194,175 $198,051 - $388,350
35% $388,351 or more $388,351 or more $194,176 or more $388,351 or more
– Cut military spending; expand veteran’s
benefits; act in concert with other nations
and/or with support from NATO and the UN
– Increase military spending; cut veteran’s
benefits; don’t be constrained by other nations
or by NATO and the UN
– Oppose/It is not a deterrent and innocent
people are in jeopardy
– Favor/The death penalty is necessary and
• Furman v. Georgia, (1972)
• In this case, the court found the death
penalty to be unconstitutional on the
grounds of cruel and unusual punishment
in violation of the 8th to the United States
– Favor-Gays rights and marriage are civil
– Oppose-Marriage is a sacred trust between a
man and woman
Prayer in School
– Oppose/Violation of the separation between
church and state
– Does not uphold “freedom of religion” if we
have school sponsored prayer
– Favor/It is a religious right and our Christian
Prayer in School
• Declared unconstitutional in 1962 in the
case Engel vs. Vitale
Separation of Church and State
• “Congress shall make no law respecting
an establishment of religion, or prohibiting
the free exercise thereof…” 1st
• Known as the Establishment Clause
• U.S. Supreme Court’s 1947 decision of
Everson v. Board of Education-Next Slide
• ‘”The establishment of religion’ clause of the First Amendment
means at least this: Neither a state nor the Federal
Government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which
aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion over
another. Neither can force nor influence a person to go to or to
remain away from church against his will or force him to
profess a belief or disbelief in any religion. No person can be
punished for entertaining or professing religious beliefs or
disbeliefs, for church attendance or nonattendance. No tax in
any amount, large or small, can be levied to support any
religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called,
or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion.
Neither a state nor the Federal Government can, openly or
secretly, participate in the affairs of any religious organization
or groups and viceversa. In the words of Jefferson, the clause
against establishment of religion by law was intended to erect
a ‘wall of separation between church and state’.”
War in Iraq/Afghanistan
– Favored at first but criticized President Bush for messing it up.
– Wanted a defined exit strategy during the Bush years.
– President Obama withdrew all combat troops from Iraq in August
– All US forces were out of Iraq at the end of 2011
– President Obama wanted to focus on Afghanistan-Sent 30,000
more troops 12-09.
– Started US withdrawl from Afghanistan in July 2011.
– Hopes to be out soon-2013-14
– President Bush stated 8-21-06 that US would not leave Iraq until
the job is done.
– Admitted to mistakes in Iraq and says it will be a tough fight.
– Hoped Iraq’s new gov’t and people would eventually be stable
enough for US withdrawl.
– President Bush pulled 8,000 troops out in late 2008/early 2009.
– Afghanistan was not focused on as much after the Iraq invasion.
– Allowed Taliban and al-Qaeda to gain in power.