Irritable bowel syndrome disease


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Irritable bowel syndrome disease

  1. 1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome By: Rocco Paolino
  2. 2. Definition• A combination of intermittent abdominal pain, constipation and/or diarrhea.
  3. 3. Cause• Abnormal contractions of muscles in the intestinal walls• Develops after gastrointestinal infection• Stress, anxiety or depression are often part of (IBS)• Peristalsis becomes irregular and uncoordinated disrupting normal digestive process• Over eating or binge eating, known to aggravate (IBS)• Too much fat in diet• Eating too quickly, eating irregularly, smoking
  4. 4. Cause• Muscles in colon don’t work may spasm• Colon more sensitive to food and medication• Food allergies, bacteria
  5. 5. Symptoms• Abdominal bloating and excessive quantities of gas• Abdominal pain, often on lower left side, relieved by defecation or passing gas• Diarrhea may be most severe on waking and may alternate with inconsistent constipation that may produce rabbit pellet stools• Feeling that bowel is not completely empty• Mucus passing during defection• Nausea and Vomiting• Often full and not finishing meals
  6. 6. Symptoms• Loose stools• Diarrhea• Constipation• Alternating diarrhea and constipation• Urge to move bowels again immediately following a bowel movement• Mucus in the stool
  7. 7. May Worsen Symptoms• Menstrual periods• Large meals or fatty foods• Excess gas
  8. 8. Diet• Dairy• Onions, Cabbage• Large amounts of alcohol or caffeine• Fruits and vegetables• Whole grains, high fibre foods• Smaller meals• Eat slowly, don’t swallow air• Drink water- helps reduce constipation
  9. 9. Stress Management• Relaxation• Biofeedback• Counselling
  10. 10. Education• Learn about (IBS)• Join support group
  11. 11. Body Systems Effected• Digestive System
  12. 12. Transmission• Not Contagious• Possibly some genetic factors• Cannot be spread
  13. 13. Diagnosis• The number of tests• No single test that can diagnose disorder• Emotional or physiological problems• Sigmoidoscopy• Barium Enema
  14. 14. Prevention• Enough fibre in diet• Stop smoking, avoid excessive amounts of caffeine• Yoga, relaxation techniques• Regular excersise• Imagery tape to listen to at home• A round of golf or tennis or a half hours worth of swimming laps• Healthy outlets for stress
  15. 15. Treatment• Change diet and relaxation techniques• Antispasmodic drugs to relax contractions of digestive tract, help relieve abdominal pain
  16. 16. Outcome• People recover with treatment• No long term effects• If no treatment you will have sever pain and sickness
  17. 17. People At Risk• 20-30 year old men or women• Females twice as common• People with stress in their lives• Certain foods make symptoms worse
  18. 18. Other• As many as 2 in 10 people have symptoms of (IBS)