“If we knew what we were doing it wouldn’t be called research.”– Albert Einstein Ap ro c e s s a p p ro a c h to info rm a tio n, te c hno lo g y a nd re s e a rc h.
Research allows you …to learn something new …to hone your problem-solving skills …to challenge yourself in new ways. …to learn “Information Literacy” ▪ To be "information literate" is to know why, when, and how to use printed books and magazines, as well as online library databases, electronic magazines, and Web pages.
Due to the internet we are overloaded with information…. Today, a daily New York Times has more printed information in it than a person would come across in an entire lifetime in the 17th Century. “More new information has been produced in the last 30 years than in the previous 5,000.” (Large, P., The Micro Revolution, Revisited, 1984)
The problem with all this information overload is the QUALITY of information you find. In a study of 500 sites used by Colorado high school students to do research, only 27% of the sites were judged to be reliable for academic research! (Ebersol, Samuel, “Uses and Gratifications of the Web among Students,” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 6(1): September 2000) As a result, we must learn how to determine what is the BEST information to use
The Big 6 was developed by Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz. It is the most widely-known and widely-used approach to teaching information and technology skills in the world. The Big6 integrates information search and use skills along with technology tools in a systematic process to find, use, apply, and evaluate information to specific needs and tasks.
Define the information problem. Identify the information needed in order to complete the task. What am I supposed to do? What information do I need in order to do this?
First, you have to determine your task. The increased use of personal communication devices in today’s society is/is not improving people’s lives. You will need to create a 5- paragraph persuasive essay on one side of the issue.
Second, you must determine what kind of information you need to complete your task. Wha t a re s o m e p o te ntia l q ue s tio ns y o u m ig ht a s k a bo ut te e ns a nd te c hno lo g y ?
Determine the range of possible sources (brainstorm) Evaluate the different possible sources to determine priorities (select the best sources) What are the possible sources? Which are the best?
Which of these sources are my best options to find information on teens and technology? Use books, electronic databases and some Internet sites for historical topics. Use magazines, periodicals, and some Internet sites for current events.
Locate sources Find information within sources Where is each source? Where is the information in each source?
If I use the Internet, a database or library catalog, what are the best keywords for you to use? teens Technology
Engage (read, hear, view, touch) the information in a source Extract relevant information from a source How can I best use each source? What information is each source is useful? Is it “Hard Evidence”?
Now that I have found my information, what am I going to do with it? Take notes on note cards Take notes on notebook paper Take notes using a word processor Take notes using a graphic organizer
Organize information from multiple sources Present the information How can I organize all the information? How can I present the result?
Once I have all my information, how will I present my final results? What are the next steps in the “Writing Process?”
The Writing Process PUBLISHING EDITING REVISINGBig 6 DRAFTING ORGANIZINGPRE-WRITING
Judge the product (effectiveness) Check paper with the Rubric Judge the information problem- solving process (efficiency) Is the task completed? How can I do things better?
Prior to submitting my final project, I need toevaluate it myself to make sure I have met all therequirements. Does my final project match the task? Does the information I match what I need to know? Did I cite my sources? Is my work neat? Is my work complete? Am I proud of my work?
An effective position paper: Clearly identifies and describes what is being evaluated in a strong introduction Makes a clear judgment or takes a clear position based on specific criteria Supports the judgment with logical and insightful reasoning and uses effective examples/evidence Restates or reinforces judgment clearly in the conclusion with a strong sense of conviction and personal involvement
Writing Situation: Everywhere we look, people are talking and texting—on cell phones, sidekicks, you name it. Is all this technology improving people’s lives or not? Using research and your own experience, write a research-based position paper that states a clear position on this topic with specific details and data to support.
The increased use ofpersonal communicationdevices in today’s societyis/is not improving people’slives.