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A Gentle Introduction to Angular Schematics - Angular SF 2019

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You might’ve heard of Angular Schematics, but do you know what they do? Learn how you can use this powerful tool to develop workflows and simplify configurations for your Angular projects.

Blog post: https://developer.okta.com/blog/2019/02/13/angular-schematics
Source code: https://github.com/oktadeveloper/okta-angular-schematics-example
Screencast: https://youtu.be/ANwZIt3Ni2s

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A Gentle Introduction to Angular Schematics - Angular SF 2019

  1. 1. A Gentle Introduction to Angular Schematics June 13, 2019 Matt Raible | @mraible Photo by Joseph Barrientos unsplash.com/photos/Ji_G7Bu1MoM
  2. 2. Blogger on raibledesigns.com and developer.okta.com/blog Web Developer and Java Champion Father, Husband, Skier, Mountain Biker, Whitewater Rafter Open Source Connoisseur Hi, I’m Matt Raible! Bus Lover Okta Developer Advocate
  3. 3. developer.okta.com
  4. 4. Agenda 1. What are Angular Schematics? 2. Create and Test a Schematic 3. Schematic Templates 4. Template Expression Language 5. OpenID Connect Authentication 6. Schematics for React, Vue, and Ionic
  5. 5. What are Angular Schematics?
  6. 6. Create a Schematic $ npm i -g @angular-devkit/schematics-cli $ schematics blank —-name=my-component CREATE /my-component/README.md (639 bytes) CREATE /my-component/.gitignore (191 bytes) CREATE /my-component/.npmignore (64 bytes) CREATE /my-component/package.json (539 bytes) CREATE /my-component/tsconfig.json (656 bytes) CREATE /my-component/src/collection.json (231 bytes) CREATE /my-component/src/my-component/index.ts (318 bytes) CREATE /my-component/src/my-component/index_spec.ts (474 bytes)
  7. 7. Project metadata: collection.json { "$schema": "../node_modules/@angular-devkit/schematics/collection-schema.json", "schematics": { "my-component": { "description": "A blank schematic.", "factory": "./my-component/index#myComponent" } }
  8. 8. Factory function: index.ts import { Rule, SchematicContext, Tree } from '@angular-devkit/schematics'; export function myComponent(_options: any): Rule { return (tree: Tree, _context: SchematicContext) => { return tree; }; }
  9. 9. Unit test: index_spec.ts import { Tree } from '@angular-devkit/schematics'; import { SchematicTestRunner } from '@angular-devkit/schematics/testing'; import * as path from 'path'; const collectionPath = path.join(__dirname, '../collection.json'); describe('my-component', () => { it('works', () => { const runner = new SchematicTestRunner('schematics', collectionPath); const tree = runner.runSchematic('my-component', {}, Tree.empty()); expect(tree.files).toEqual([]); }); });
  10. 10. Schematic Templates
  11. 11. Copy and Manipulate Templates: directory structure $ tree . src/my-component/ ├── files │ └── src │ └── app │ ├── app.component.html │ └── app.component.ts ├── index.ts └── index_spec.ts
  12. 12. Copy and Manipulate Templates: app.component.ts import { Component } from '@angular/core'; @Component({ selector: 'app-root', templateUrl: './app.component.html', styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'] }) export class AppComponent { name = '<%= name %>'; } src/my-component/files/src/app/app.component.ts
  13. 13. Copy and Manipulate Templates: app.component.html src/my-component/files/src/app/app.component.html <div style="text-align:center"> <h1> Hello, {{ name }} </h1> </div> <router-outlet></router-outlet>
  14. 14. Copy and Manipulate Templates: schema.json { "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/schema", "id": "SchematicsMyComponent", "title": "My Component Schema", "type": "object", "properties": { "name": { "type": "string", "description": "Your Name", "x-prompt": "What is your name?" } }, "required": ["name"] }
  15. 15. Copy and Manipulate Templates: collection.json { "$schema": "../node_modules/@angular-devkit/schematics/collection-schema.json", "schematics": { "my-component": { "description": "A blank schematic.", "factory": "./my-component/index#myComponent", "schema": "./my-component/schema.json" } } }
  16. 16. Copy and Manipulate Templates: index.ts export function myComponent(_options: any): Rule { return (tree: Tree, _context: SchematicContext) => { setupOptions(tree, _options); const movePath = normalize(_options.path + '/'); const templateSource = apply(url('./files/src'), [ template({..._options}), move(movePath), // fix for https://github.com/angular/angular-cli/issues/11337 forEach((fileEntry: FileEntry) => { if (tree.exists(fileEntry.path)) { tree.overwrite(fileEntry.path, fileEntry.content); } return fileEntry; }), ]); const rule = mergeWith(templateSource, MergeStrategy.Overwrite); return rule(tree, _context); }; }
  17. 17. Copy and Manipulate Templates: setupOptions() export function setupOptions(host: Tree, options: any): Tree { const workspace = getWorkspace(host); if (!options.project) { options.project = Object.keys(workspace.projects)[0]; } const project = workspace.projects[options.project]; options.path = join(normalize(project.root), 'src'); return host; }
  18. 18. Copy and Manipulate Templates: index_spec.ts beforeEach(() => { appTree = schematicRunner.runExternalSchematic( '@schematics/angular', 'workspace', workspaceOptions); appTree = schematicRunner.runExternalSchematic( '@schematics/angular', 'application', appOptions, appTree); }); it('works', () => { const runner = new SchematicTestRunner('schematics', collectionPath); runner.runSchematicAsync( 'my-component', schemaOptions, appTree).toPromise().then(tree => { const appComponent = tree.readContent( ‘/projects/schematest/src/app/app.component.ts'); expect(appComponent).toContain(`name = '${schemaOptions.name}'`); }); });
  19. 19. Run Your Schematic with Angular CLI $ npm pack $ ng new my-test-app --routing --style css $ cd my-test-app $ npm install ../my-component/my-component-0.0.0.tgz $ ng g my-component:my-component
  20. 20. Publish Your Schematic to npm !22 By default, .npmignore ignores all TypeScript files Modify .npmignore so it doesn't exclude your template files! Run npm publish
  21. 21. Add Support for ng add with Angular CLI !23 { "$schema": "../node_modules/@angular-devkit/schematics/collection-schema.json", "schematics": { "my-component": { "description": "A blank schematic.", "factory": "./my-component/index#myComponent", "schema": "./my-component/schema.json" }, "ng-add": { "factory": "./ng-add/index", "description": "Add schematic", "schema": "./my-component/schema.json" } } }
  22. 22. Add Support for ng add with Angular CLI !24 import { chain, Rule, schematic, SchematicContext, Tree, } from '@angular-devkit/schematics'; export default function (options: any): Rule { return (host: Tree, context: SchematicContext) => { return chain([ schematic('my-component', options) ])(host, context); }; }
  23. 23. Template Expression Language Placeholder Description <%= expression %> Replaced with the result of the call of the given expression. This only supports direct expressions, no structural (for/if/...) JavaScript. <%- expression %> Same as above, but the value of the result will be escaped for HTML when inserted (i.e. replacing '<' with '<') <% inline code %> Inserts the given code into the template structure, allowing to insert structural JavaScript. <%# text %> A comment, which gets entirely dropped. https://www.npmjs.com/package/@angular-devkit/schematics#content-templating
  24. 24. Example Template Code import { Injectable } from '@angular/core'; <% if (platform === 'cordova') { %> import { CordovaBrowser } from ‘ionic-appauth/lib/cordova'; <% } else { %> import { CapacitorBrowser } from ‘ionic-appauth/lib/capacitor'; <% } %> @Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' }) export class BrowserService extends <%= (platform === 'cordova') ? 'CordovaBrowser' : 'CapacitorBrowser' %> { }
  25. 25. Secure Your Angular App in Minutes! $ ng new my-secure-app --routing $ cd my-secure-app // create a SPA app on Okta, copy settings $ ng add @oktadev/schematics
  26. 26. git clone https://github.com/oktadeveloper/okta-spring-webflux-react- example.git Blog, Screencast, and Source Code https://developer.okta.com/blog/2019/02/13/angular-schematics
  27. 27. Thanks! Keep in Touch raibledesigns.com @mraible Presentations speakerdeck.com/mraible Code github.com/oktadeveloper developer.okta.com
  28. 28. developer.okta.com

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