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American Segregation Life before Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement
Imagine… <ul><li>if you were not allowed to live where you want. </li></ul><ul><li>if you were not allowed to go where you...
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka <ul><li>It was a U.S. Supreme Court Decision that changed America forever.  </li></u...
Separate but Equal <ul><li>Plessy v. Ferguson was a Louisiana court case that went all the way to the Supreme Court in 189...
Separate but Equal <ul><li>This picture shows how blacks were forced to sit in different places in movie theaters and rest...
Separate but Equal <ul><li>Blacks were forced to sit in different parts of bus and train stations.  </li></ul><ul><li>They...
Blacks and whites were kept separate in… <ul><li>Homes: Blacks could not buy houses in white neighborhoods.  </li></ul><ul...
That does not make any sense!!! <ul><li>What about civil rights?  Civil rights means everyone who is a citizen deserves th...
Wrong!  Separate was fine with segregationists.  Segregationists were not interested in letting blacks have the Equal part.
Separate but  NOT  Equal was the reality in the lives of blacks.
Segregationists fought against equal rights for blacks.  <ul><li>The Ku Klux Klan was established in 1867 to scare blacks ...
Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>White leaders in state and city government made laws that separated whites and blacks.  </li></ul><u...
Separate but NOT Equal <ul><li>Separate but Equal was the law, but many cities and states did not listen.  </li></ul><ul><...
Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>What emotions do you think this man is feeling? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this ...
Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>Why do you think segregationists tried so hard to keep blacks as second class cit...
Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>Imagine you were a black person in 1910.  </li></ul><ul><li>How would you fight a...
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Segregation 20 powerpoint

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Segregation 20 powerpoint

  1. 1. American Segregation Life before Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement
  2. 2. Imagine… <ul><li>if you were not allowed to live where you want. </li></ul><ul><li>if you were not allowed to go where you want. </li></ul><ul><li>if you were afraid of being killed by people in your own town. </li></ul><ul><li>if people made fun of you and thought you were a fool. </li></ul><ul><li>if people attacked you when you said what you thought. </li></ul><ul><li>if people would not let you vote. </li></ul><ul><li>if you were considered less of a person. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka <ul><li>It was a U.S. Supreme Court Decision that changed America forever. </li></ul><ul><li>It happened 50 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>It made segregation based on race illegal. </li></ul><ul><li>It said that all children, no matter what their race, could go to their neighborhood school. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Separate but Equal <ul><li>Plessy v. Ferguson was a Louisiana court case that went all the way to the Supreme Court in 1896. </li></ul><ul><li>The Court said that segregation by race was legal. </li></ul><ul><li>It said that blacks and whites could be separate as long as the facilities were the same. It started the idea of “Separate but Equal.” </li></ul><ul><li>It made blacks and other minorities second class citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks did not have the rights and the freedoms that whites had and that you have today. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Separate but Equal <ul><li>This picture shows how blacks were forced to sit in different places in movie theaters and restaurants. </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks hated this, but they were forced to do it by state and city governments. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Separate but Equal <ul><li>Blacks were forced to sit in different parts of bus and train stations. </li></ul><ul><li>They were forced to get on last and ride in the back of the bus. </li></ul><ul><li>They were forced to ride in different train cars. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Blacks and whites were kept separate in… <ul><li>Homes: Blacks could not buy houses in white neighborhoods. </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs: Blacks could not get many jobs that whites could get. </li></ul><ul><li>Buses and trains. </li></ul><ul><li>Courts: Blacks could not serve on juries. </li></ul><ul><li>Movie theaters . </li></ul><ul><li>Restaurants: Many places would serve blacks in the back or would not serve blacks at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Schools and universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages: Blacks and whites could not marry. </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals: Black babies were not born in the same hospitals as white babies. </li></ul><ul><li>Graveyards </li></ul>
  8. 8. That does not make any sense!!! <ul><li>What about civil rights? Civil rights means everyone who is a citizen deserves the same rights. Don’t blacks and whites have the same rights? </li></ul><ul><li>The 14 th Amendment says “Equal protection.” </li></ul><ul><li>Separate but Equal would give blacks equality, right? </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks might be separate, but doesn’t the equal part mean they have the same rights and opportunities as whites? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Wrong! Separate was fine with segregationists. Segregationists were not interested in letting blacks have the Equal part.
  10. 10. Separate but NOT Equal was the reality in the lives of blacks.
  11. 11. Segregationists fought against equal rights for blacks. <ul><li>The Ku Klux Klan was established in 1867 to scare blacks into not voting or running for public office. </li></ul><ul><li>They used violence and intimidation to stop blacks from voting and gaining equality. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>White leaders in state and city government made laws that separated whites and blacks. </li></ul><ul><li>These laws, called Jim Crow Laws, were made to keep blacks as second class citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jim Crow” was a character in theater who was foolish and stupid. Calling someone “Jim Crow” was an insult. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is a picture of the “Jim Crow” character. See how he looks silly and ridiculous. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Separate but NOT Equal <ul><li>Separate but Equal was the law, but many cities and states did not listen. </li></ul><ul><li>This is an example of a restaurant that blacks had to eat in. </li></ul><ul><li>Whites had a cleaner, newer restaurant in another part of town. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>What emotions do you think this man is feeling? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this man think about segregation? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you do if you were him? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>Why do you think segregationists tried so hard to keep blacks as second class citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>What could change their minds and show them that segregation and racism is wrong? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>Imagine you were a black person in 1910. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you fight against segregation? </li></ul><ul><li>What could you do to help your community? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would the education of your children be so important to you? </li></ul>

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