Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Moral RightsWhat we expect from others…Moral Rights of students Moral rights of teachers Moral rights of parentsTo have workhanded on timeTo have the resourcesneeded to teach goodlessonsTo be contacted in casesof behaviourTo be taughtproperlyTo be listened to in class To be helped withhouseworkTo receive supportfrom parentsTo be respected bystudents and parentsTo receive reports abouttheir child’s progressMoral ResponsibilitiesLegal rights at school/collegeExpectations that the law says must be metWhat we should doto support others sorights are notviolated!Our Responsibilities atschool/college…As Parents or Carers:Check child’s homeworktimetable and diaryTake an interest in theireducationSupport the teacher andtheir decisionsAs Students:Listen to the teacherTo not distract otherstudents from learningComplete all homework bythe deadlineRespect the teacher andthe school area.3.3.1- Rights and Responsibilities inschool, college and the wider communityAs Teachers:Teach good lessons and setsuitable classwork/homeworkTreat each student equallyMark work regularlyUpdate parents aboutprogressStudents- ReceiveReligious EducationTeachers- PunishStudents for poorbehaviourTeachers- InsistSchool uniform iswornStudents- Receivefree education
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Legal ResponsibilitiesThe Education Act 1996- Parents have a legal responsibility to ensure their child has a proper fulltime education. (Failure to do so= Fine or Imprisonment)If child often misbehaves at school Parents receive Parenting Order!How they are reinforced?The stages of a school complaints policyLocal Authorities & Government Departments giving adviceLet the teacher or tutor know what theproblem isIf nothing has happened, inform thehead of department, head of year ordeputy head teacherIf the problem becomes more seriousand the stages above have not solvedthe issue, let the head teacher knowIf the complaint is not dealt with, itnow reaches the Formal Stage whereschool governors’ or local authority arecontacted‘Official Government Website for Citizens’Take complaints regarding school and education
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3How are Human Rights protected?The Universal Declaration ofHuman RightsThe European Convention onHuman RightsThe Human Rights ActUnited Nations drew upthe UDHR IN 194530 Articles of HumanRightsNOT lawsMore and More Countriesare starting to followthemEVERY Country in theUnited Nations followthemE.g. Article 1: Everyone isborn free and equal1950The Council of Europebuild on the UDHREuropean Citizens’ canappeal to the ECtHR ifthey feel their countrylaws are not protectingtheir rightsE.g. ‘Life, liberty andsecurity of the person’1998United Kingdompassed this ActThe Articles of theECHR were broughttogether into thelaw.Independent AgencyGives advice about citizens’ rightsGive free and impartialadvice/information2008 Campaigned to reduce the cost ofthe school uniformsRegistered charityAmnesty InternationalPressure GroupFounded in 1961 bylawyer PeterBenensonHelp protectHuman Rightsacross the world!Take action by:Writing letters toleading politiciansProtesting
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Conflict between the interests of employers and employees:How the law protects employees and employers3.3.2- Rights and Responsibilities ascitizens within the economy & welfaresystemWhat employees want?Training to develop skillsInteresting job in a safeenvironmentChances for promotionConsultation of changeswithin the businessWhat employers want?Customers to be satisfiedSales↑ and Costs↓Workers that are welltrained and motivatedEnsure that the businesssurvivesSimilar Interests:Business is successful; Health & Safety is in place; Good Management; Resolve problems;Employees’ rights: Regular rest breaks Maternity & paternityleave Paid holidays Written Contract Treated equally Healthy & safeworkplace Fair reason fordismissal Be paid at or abovethe national minimumwageEmployers’ rights: Protection againstother businessescopyingproducts/services (LTD’s) Take outloans withoutpersonal property atrisk Have employees thattake care of theproperty, workhonestly and don’tdisclose informationAge 13?o No more than 2 hours!o Work after 7.am. And before7.pm.
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Tax -Amount of money that the people in the country have to pay the Government so it can provide publicservicesTaxationTo encourage environmentally responsible behaviour!LANDFILL TAXTax which is paid for eachtonne of waste depositedat landfill sites.AIR PASSANGER DUTYTax which is paid when youbuy an airline ticket-Designed to discourageCLIMATE CHANGE KEYA charge made bybusinesses that have a highenergy use.FUEL DUTYTax paid on petrol anddiesel fuel.VEHICLE EXCISE DUTYAn annual charge paid tohave vehicles on the roadCONGESTION CHARGEA fee paid by drivers whentaking their vehicles intocentral London.Direct IndirectThe tax that comes straight out of yourearnings/income/wages which iscompulsoryTax on goods we buy or services we usewhich is optionalINCOME TAXNATIONAL INSAURANCEINHERITANCE TAX?CAPITAL GAINS TAX?VALUE ADDED TAX (VAT)COROPORATION TAXCOUNCIL TAXEXCISE DUTY TAXROAD TAXDon’t have to pay if:On benefitsHave a pensionIn full time educationDon’t work
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Trade Unions -A labour union of workers in a particular trade.What do they do? Offer advice and help Act as a pressure group to gain better rights for the specific trade Support the Labour PartyYou need to belong to a Trade Union because they can support you in decisions made against you.Patent LawA patent gives anowner the legal right to stop othersfrom copying, making, selling or importing andinvention without permission. You have to apply for apatent.Copyright LawCopyright is the exclusive right given to an owner who has produced amaterial such as a book, magazine or a piece of music. It only protectsinnovated products that have been produced. You don’t have to apply for acopyrightThe National Union of Teachers;NUT is a union for teachers and they specificallycampaign on educational issues for example, fairpay for teachers.Fire Brigades’ Union;The FBU represents over 85% of uniformed staffand the rescue team.They campaign for: fair play, fairness at work etc.Hospital Consultants and Specialists Association;HCSE represents the views of senior hospital medicalstaff in the UK such as consultants. They campaignfor suitable pay for working overtime.
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Minimum Wage – The lowest legal wage given to employeesArguments for and against ‘increasing the minimum wage’Minimum wage for under 18 years; £3.68Ages 18-20; £4.9821 and over; £6.19Social Responsibility (Corporate Social Responsibility)Being socially responsible as a business means you are aware and consider the community aroundyou when trying to make a profit. You engage with the local community for example, regularly givingdonations to local charities.Benefits:More respectedBetter reputation so they’ll be supported by the communityEmployees will feel valuedWork harder and more effectivelyThe Economy:The system a country uses to organise and manage its money, industry and tradeForIt will enable workers to bemotivated more as they will begetting paid more. This willmean that, the productivity ofa business will increase.More people will have more tospend which will benefit theUKs economy.If it increases, the standards ofliving will increase; povertywill reduce, reduce inequalityin a work place and boostmorale.AgainstAffects the Business/Company-The costs will increasemeaning that they will bemaking less profit. This meansthat spending will decrease,resulting in the economybecoming unstable.If it increases, business willhire fewer employeesunemployment raises.It will affect the less skilledworkers as businesses willemploy workers with greaterskills and qualifications.George Osborne-Chancellor of theExchequer- Manages thecountry’s economy andsets budgets
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Public Services:Services that are directly run by the GovernmentPrivate Services:Services that are by individuals to make profitSustainable Development:3.3.3- Extending our understanding of aglobal citizen’s rights and responsibilities.HospitalsSchools Local ParkAdvantages: The profit margins arekept low Directly controlled byGovernment so they won’tbe used inappropriately All services are freeDisadvantages: Some services areexpensive to run so taxescan rise Not getting best value formoney Less competition forPrivate SectorBus Services Oil RefineriesAdvantages: Cheaper to run Can invest for the future,promoting sustainability More control of the serviceDisadvantages: Prices can increase May have to backed bytaxpayer if making a loss inthe businessINFLATION: A lot of money circulating in the economy can causeprices to rise sharply.DEFLATION: With money low, prices drop, borrowing decreases andthe economy suffers.
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Using resources efficiently to preserve the planet but still meeting the needs of humans so futuregenerations can also use them.Barriers to Sustainable Development: Cost to the public will increase Some renewable resources are uncertain/not reliable e.g. for car companies and usingbiomass People can change their minds on becoming sustainableAgenda 21A programme run by the United Nations to find ways on how to ensuresustainable development.Millennium Development GoalsLocal Agenda 21:Local authorities in the UKhave designed LA21 toreduce waste andimprove the environment.Saving Energy at home:Turning electrical appliancesoffShower instead of bathingReuse and recycleSaving Energy at school:Walking/cycling to schoolReduce, reuse and recycleUse the internet forcommunication instead ofpaperRecycling SchemesCycle routesTraffic-calming measuresNon- renewable resources:COALOILNUCLEARNATURAL GASRenewable resources:WIND SOLARWAVE GEOTHERMALTIDAL BIOMASSHYDRO-ELECTRIC
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3MEDC’s and LEDC’sMEDC’s: Countries which have high levels of developmentLEDC’s: Countries with low levels of developmentDevelopment Indicators- measuring the growth of countries by different factorsDevelopment Indicators …In MEDC’s … In LEDC’sEducation ↑ High ↓LowMortality Rate ↓Low ↑HighBirth Rate ↓Low ↑HighDeath Rate ↓Low ↑HighEconomic Development ↑High ↓LowGross Domestic Product ↑High ↓LowAdvantages of giving Aid Disadvantages of giving AidAid: Helping othersSaving lives LEDC’s can become dependentRebuilds livelihood and families Aid may not reach the people who need itIncreasing international relations/ allies May put economical political pressure on LEDCSIncreases support for businesses The long term projects may not be completedReduces refugees Proportions of profits may be sent back to MEDCsInterdependenceWhen countries are dependent on eachother MEDC’s on LEDC’s for primaryproducts LEDC’s for incomeIn 2000, 189countries metat UNTo shareeconomic andsocialdevelopmentTo be achievedby 2015!
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Trade:The action of buying and selling goods and services.Develops/maintains international relations Unequal bargaining powerMutually beneficial Puts locals out of businessBetter quality products Become more on trade rather than self-producingFair TradeTrade in which fair prices are paid to producers in developing countries.Media- Ways of communicating with the public usingtechnologies of print, video and soundTypes ofMediawBroadcasting TerrorismHumanitarian Aid:Sending aid quickly tosave livesDevelopment Aid:Help fund long termprojects- People inledc’s workthemselvesBilateral Aid:Given by thegovernment of onecountry directly toanotherMultilateral Aid:Many countriescontributing to a fund(richer countries)Aid from Non-GovernmentalOrganisations:Given by charitiesDisadvantages of giving TradeAdvantages of giving TradeFair Trade Fortnightlaunched in 2008-Government supportingthe poorest people
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3Radio BooksPovertySocial NetworkingTVCrimeReligionMagazineNewspaperFashionA press not restricted or controlled by Government censorshipFreedom of SpeechKey Element to a democracyVery Few restrictionsViolating someone’s right to privacyEncourages unethical journalismBiasCensorshipMedia which is regulated by the Government and so it is restrictedProtects National SecurityRight to privacy is not violatedLess DiscriminatingViolated Freedom of ExpressionIntegral of a DictatorshipMore Scare-mongeringRupert MurdochOwns 40% of the MediaLaunched the Sun 3.26 million copies sold in the firstweekChairman and CEO of the News Corporation
Sadiya Attiq GCSE Citizenship Revision Guide For 3.3.1/3.3.2/3.3.3How the media helps bring change in democratic/non-democratic societies?Democratic Non-democraticAsking Questions Satellite communicationExposing mistakes/wrong-doing/corruption Demanding changeProvide information that public may not be aware of Using free press from democraciesApplying pressureThe Leveson Enquiry:Public enquiry which looks at the ethics of the British MediaChaired by Lord Justice Leveson- appointed in July 2011Leveson Enquiry report published in November 2012- reviews theculture of the press