http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-15739674 – BBC report http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uE0qY0qXzY – the hate game
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e7hGmwH_X3E – ITN news story http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-15822625
Human Rights A341- Notes Year 10
DiscussHuman Rights Are OnlyDesigned For The Rich…?
Human rights Syllabus Links…Controlled Assessment Preparation…
Human RightsReview…O Understand and give examples of human rightsO Distinguish between legal and moral rightsO Outline important conventions and laws on Human rights including UK Human Rights ActO Discuss where human rights violations occur
Human Rights ‘…the foundation offreedom, justice, and peace in the world’ – what do you think this means in practice?
Declaration of Human rightsO Can you remember all 30? Which is the most important?O Think about the entitlements you have in this country.
Rights and Responsibilities in a family…Rights Responsibilities
What is parental responsibility?O providing a home for the childO having contact with and living with the childO protecting and maintaining the childO disciplining the childO choosing and providing for the childs educationO determining the religion of the childO agreeing to the childs medical treatmentO naming the child and agreeing to any change of the childs nameO accompanying the child outside the UK and agreeing to the childs emigration, should the issue ariseO being responsible for the childs propertyO appointing a guardian for the child, if necessaryO allowing confidential information about the child to be disclosed
Rights and Responsibilities in a school…Rights Responsibilities
School Responsibilities…O You must be given 24 hours notice in writing if the school wants to give your child a detention out of school hours.O Schools must give you a written report on your child at least once a year.O Progress on all the National Curriculum subjects they have studiedO progress in other subjects and activitiesO general progress and attendanceO results in any National Curriculum tests and assessments
All human beings are entitled to…O Freedom O Right to a Fair trialO Equality O Right to privacyO Freedom from Slavery O Freedom from discriminationO Right to move within your own O Right to nationality countryO Freedom from torture O Right to claim asylum inO Treated equally in the law othersO Equal protection from the law O Right to own propertyO Right to select government O Right to religious freedomO Right to security O Right to freedom of speechO Right to work and workers rightsO Responsibilities to your community
Rights as freedoms and rights as entitlementsRights as freedoms Rights as entitlementsO Article 4: freedom from • Article 17: the right to slavery propertyO Article 19: freedom to • Article 24: the right to rest express and opinion and leisure • Article 26: the right to anO Article 20: freedom of education peaceful protestWhich do you think are more important, rights as freedomsor rights as entitlements?
UK Human O UK government incorporated European Convention into UKRights Act law in 1998 O This means human rights issues can be considered by British courts O Businesses and government organisations in the UK must consider human rights issues before making decisions.
The Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights were set up to protectpeople . In the UK they are included as part of our laws. Not all countries do this!!! (Human Rights Act 1998; came into force 2002)
Legal rights• A right is something to which everyone is entitled.• Legal rights come from the law.Think of 3 examples of legal rights whichyou have under UK law?
Moral rightsO Moral rights originate in French revolution – ‘the rights of man’.O United Nations believes there are moral rights which can be applied to everyone, eg right to freedom from torture.O Moral rights are not always legally enforceable
When looking at the following pictures decide whether they show a legal or moral responsibility…
Criminal Justice Act 1988O The Criminal Justice Act 1988 mainly relates to carrying knives in public places, Section 139 being the most important:O (1) Subject to subsections (4) and (5) below, any person who has an article to which this section applies with him in a public place shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Subject to subsection (3) below, this section applies to any article which has a blade or is sharply pointed except a folding pocketknife. (3) This section applies to a folding pocketknife if the cutting edge of its blade exceeds 3 inches. (4) It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to prove that he had good reason or lawful authority for having the article with him in a public place.
O A High Court judge has ruled that people should not be punished for hurling obscenities in public because such words are now so common they no longer cause distress. Should the courts punish profanity?
Discussion O “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and point freedoms set forth in the Declaration without distinction of any kind.” (Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) O Why do you think Article 2 includes everyone in the world in the UDHR? O What problems might there be inGenocide in Rwanda enforcing the UDHR?
How does the law protect our human rights? A legal right is when a law protects a human right
The right to education?• School attendance and absence: the lawThe law requires parents to make sure their children receive a full-time education suitable to their needs. For most children this means attending school regularly. As a last resort, schools and local authorities have legal powers to deal with poor attendance.But this is notthe case forAshleigh…
The right to be treated equally?LAW: The Race Relations Act says that it is an offence totreat a person differently because of their race, colour,nationality or ethnic origin.This was not the case for StephenLawrence. He was murdered in anattack outside a bus stop. Hismurderers were never caught anda report said the police were“institutionally racist”.There is currently a trial going onto try to put his murderers inprison.
The right to privacy of correspondence The law says that you cannot open somebody else’s post, or listen to phone conversations (the police are only allowed to do this if they think somebody is planning a terrorist attack or something that will endanger the public)• So why was a newspaper able to hack into the phone of a murdered teenage?
Discussion pointThe European Convention on Human Rights is legally enforceable, however, the Universal Declaration of Human rights is not legally binding but merely puts moral pressure on nations to conform.What are the arguments for and against making the UDHR a convention which is legally binding and setting up a world court to deal with alleged breaches of human rights?
Human Rights- Recap…O The historical origins of human rightsO The UN and European Council and Human RightsO The UK Human Rights ActO Human Rights Violations
Key words for this lessonO Human Rights – The basic entitlements of every human being in the world. Example: Shelter and food.O Justice – This means fairness, where everyone has equal rights and opportunities. Example: Human rights
BALANCING RIGHTS?O PRESS FREEDOM V PRIVACYO FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION V ENCOURAGING HATREDO SECURITY V PRIVACY
HOW DO THE PICTURES SHOW A CONFLICT IN RIGHTS?- GUESS WHAT THE PICTURES REPRESENT- THEN WRITE HOW THOSE RIGHTS CAN BERESTRICTED IN ORDER TO HELP MAINTAIN ORDER/PROTECT THE PUBLIC/BETTER THE COMMUNITY?
Section C Practice Question.O Can the rights of an individual ever be restricted?O 15 marksO You must add the following in your answer-O Human rightsO BalanceO No less than 1 side.