HIST 4020 Intro


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HIST 4020 Intro

  1. 1. American Political Culture Seeking a More Perfect Union
  2. 2. The Political Landscape <ul><li>In this chapter we will cover… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Roots of American Government: Where Did the Ideas Come From? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics of American Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Changing Political Culture and Characteristics of the American People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Culture and Views of Government </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Roots of American Government: Where Did the Ideas Come From? </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle and the Greeks articulated the idea of natural law. </li></ul><ul><li>Society should be governed by ethical principles that are part of nature and can be understood through reason. </li></ul><ul><li>Government before had been by “divine right,” but these philosophical changes put humans on the road toward self government. </li></ul>
  4. 4. America’s Core Values <ul><li>Liberty, Equality and Self Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key word “unreasonably” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul>
  5. 5. Paradox of Jefferson <ul><li>Immortal words </li></ul><ul><li>Contradiction of Deeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LA Purchase </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Popular Consent <ul><li>Social Contract Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People are source of power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People give consent to government to rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government provides protection of natural rights </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Evolution of Ideology <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leviathan 1651 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Locke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Treatise on Civil Government 1690 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jean Jacques Rousseau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Contract 1762 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Devising a National Government <ul><li>At the time of the founding of our nation several forms of governments existed… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristocracy </li></ul></ul>All are based on elite rule and give few rights to the people who live under them. <ul><ul><li>The colonists did not want to live under the systems they had suffered under in the Old World so they established a new system: democracy. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Theory of Democratic Government <ul><li>Direct democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A system in which all come together periodically to discuss policy and abide by majority rule. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New England town meeting </li></ul></ul>Direct Democracy
  11. 11. Indirect Democracy <ul><li>A system of government that allows citizens to vote for representatives who will work on their behalf. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Republic <ul><li>A government rooted in the consent of the governed. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why a Capitalist System? <ul><ul><li>private ownership of property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>free market economy (laissez-faire) vs. mercantile systems </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Other Economic Systems <ul><li>Socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarianism </li></ul>
  15. 15. 2. Characteristics of American Democracy <ul><li>popular consent </li></ul><ul><li>popular sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>majority rule </li></ul><ul><li>individualism </li></ul><ul><li>equality </li></ul><ul><li>personal liberty </li></ul><ul><li>civil society </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The Changing Political Culture and Characteristics of the American People </li></ul><ul><li>Population of the United States: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>July 1, 1900 there were 76,094,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today there are over 284,203,717 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One birth every.................................. 8 seconds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One death every.................................. 13 seconds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One international migrant (net) every............ 36 seconds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One Federal U.S. citizen (net) returning every...2891 seconds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Net gain of one person every..................... 13 seconds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17.
  18. 18. <ul><li>Not only are we bigger we are also more diverse. </li></ul><ul><li>In colonial times most Americans were Anglo-Saxon. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000, the U.S. population was made up of… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>whites 69.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans 12.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanics 12.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian 3.6% </li></ul></ul>Changing Demographics
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Changing Age Composition in the United States
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Graying of America <ul><li>The growth of the population age 65 and older will affect every aspect of our society, presenting challenges as well as opportunities to policymakers, families, businesses, and health care providers. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2011, the “baby boom” generation will begin to turn 65, and by 2030, it is projected that one in five people will be age 65 or older. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Ideology of Americans
  24. 24. <ul><li>Conservativism – thought to believe that a government is best that governs least and that big government can only infringe on individual, personal, and economic rights. </li></ul>Ideology of Americans
  25. 25. <ul><li>Liberalism – thought to favor government involvement in the economy and the provision of social services and to take an activist role in protecting women, the elderly, minorities, and the environment. </li></ul>Ideology of Americans
  26. 26. <ul><li>Libertarianism – thought to favor a free market economy and no governmental interference in personal liberties. </li></ul>Ideology of Americans
  27. 27.
  28. 28. <ul><li>Political Culture and Views of Government </li></ul><ul><li>High Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>A Missing Appreciation of the Good </li></ul><ul><li>Mistrust of Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Voter Apathy </li></ul><ul><li>Redefining Our Expectations </li></ul>
  29. 29. High Expectations and No Appreciation of the Good <ul><li>Americans expect more and more from their government. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans do not know what government actually does for them. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation of airwaves for television and radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FDA inspections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic control </li></ul></ul>