His 2002 Age of Discovery

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His 2002 Age of Discovery

  1. 1. Age of Discovery
  2. 2. Historical Placement <ul><li>Heels of Inquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Peak of Renaissance (1350-1550) </li></ul><ul><li>(Black Death 1347-50 first outbreak) </li></ul><ul><li>1492 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Religion and Trade in the Old world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1000 of geographic containment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact with Outside world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces West to Eastern goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited Nature of Contact </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Exploration? <ul><li>Cartography improved over time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medieval Maps of little use to Sailors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements in techniques and skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed Maps by end of 15 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Navigational Aides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Astrolabe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of known world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailing techniques </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. Portuguese Maritime Empire <ul><li>Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed motives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded school for navigators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration begins shortly after 1419 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Probing Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves-1441 </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery becomes “common” </li></ul><ul><li>1471 Gold Coast </li></ul><ul><li>Ties with African learers </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Rounding the Horn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bartolomew Diaz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1487 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vasco da Gama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brings first cargo from India early 1590s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alfonso d’Albuqorque makes Portugal’s Empire </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Voyages to the New World <ul><li>Columbus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She’s a’ Round-She’s a Flat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaches Hispaniola in October 1492 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explores Extensively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dies ignorant of the “New World” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>State Sponsored Explorers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Cabot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amerigo Vespucci </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ferdinand Magellan </li></ul></ul>
  9. 14. Spanish Empire <ul><li>New World! Or is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Different </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Conquistadors </li></ul><ul><li>European Superiority </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>Hernando Cortez </li></ul><ul><ul><li>600 men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquers Aztec Empire in Three Years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-opt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Francisco Pizarro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquers Incas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>30 Years entire western Latin America subdued </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>Administration of Spanish New World Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greed-Social and economic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecomienda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protection racquet allowed settlers to abuse natives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renders a Paternalistic system of government </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Bartolome las Casas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Champion of Indian Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legend of the Black Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1524 writing influence Isabella and Ferdinand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tremendous impact on Africa </li></ul></ul>
  13. 19. Columbian Exchange <ul><li>Disease-Most Significant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispaniola population of 500,000 to 1 Million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced to 2000 to 500 in fifty years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small pox, measles, influenza </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natives lacked immunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Revenge-Syphilis </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Plants and Animals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle and Horses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetable Crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee, Corn, Beans, Squash, Potatoes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massive effect on nutrition in Europe and America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population of World doubled in three hundred years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>Silver and Gold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>35 million pounds of silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>407,000 pounds of gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact Cannot Be Overestimated! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychological Impact-Immeasurable </li></ul>

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