Florida During the AmericanRevolution Loyal Colonies to Britain St. Augustine grows from 6,000 to 17, 000 • Haven for Tories and former patriots • Staging area for troops • Little fighting in East Florida… expeditions into GA • Tax monies flowed through colonie
Revolution continued…. West Florida Spain Entered War June 1779 Bernardo de Galvez • By 1781 Takes all of West Florida
Second Spanish Period Tenuous Hold on Florida- At Best Never stood a chance to America’s expansionist appetite! Takes an Economic Approach to Holding Colonies • Goal to become indispensible in the new “world” economy
Indian Relations Alexander McGillivray 1/ 2 breed Creek Leader William Bowels Nation of the Muscogee
War of 1812 Andrew Jackson Fort Mimms Battle of Horseshoe Bend New Orleans • For good measure marched on Pensacola Adams Onis Treaty • Acquires Florida for about $5 million!
Territory to Statehood Jackson- 1st Military Gov Shortlived William Duval 1st Territorial Gov Florida divided into two Parts
Jacksonville St. Augustine and Citrus Development • Kings Road Naval Base at Key WestTerritorial Issues Spansih Land Claims Indians