MAGNA CARTA Lauren Ashworth Melissa Rivera 1st Period
HISTORY England’s King, Richard I, Died in 1199. During his rule KingRichard taxed barons very heavily to help fund the third crusade.When his brother John took the thrown he inherited the resentmentof the barons. John provoked a war with France and nearly lost allthat he had. To pay for the war he placed high financial demands onthe barons with out consulting them.
MAGNA CARTA Due to the high finical demands the barons revolted against KingJohn. In 1215 they forced him to sign a document, The Magna Carta,that placed the King under the Law and protected the rights ofcitizens. The Magna Carta was not made completely of new laws. It alsorewrote old laws. One new clause was that the King must obey thelaws of the land as well as the people.
MAGNA CARTA The Magna Carta can be divided into sections :- The first clauses concern the position of the Catholic Church in England.- Many of the clauses concern Englands legal system.- Magna Carta promised laws that were good and fair. It states that everyone shall have access to courts and that costs and money should not be an issue if someone wanted to take a problem to the law courts.- It also states that no freeman will be imprisoned or punished without first goingthrough the proper legal system. In future years the word "freeman" was replacedby "no one" to include everybody.
MAGNA CARTA The last few sections deal with how the Magna Carta would be enforced in England. Twentyfive barons were given the responsibility of making sure the king carried out what was stated inthe Magna Carta - the document clearly states that they could use force if they felt it wasnecessary. To give the Magna Carta an impact, the royal seal of King John was put on it to showpeople that it had his royal support. This is the largest red seal at the bottom of the Magna Carta.
SUMMARY1.The Church - The Church was to be free from royal interference,especially in the election of bishops2.Taxes - No taxes except the regular feudal dues were to be levied,except by the consent of the Great Council, or Parliament3.The right to due process which led to Trial by Jury4.Weights and Measures - All weights and measures to be keptuniform throughout the realm.
DID YOU KNOW? The Magna Carta is also known as the Big character or the Great Character. Although it is of English origin, it is very important to Americans today. The U.S. Constitution was loosely based off this document. The Magna Carta has survived for over 800 years.
RESOURCES We used the book attached with the study guide. http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/magna-carta.htm http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/magna_carta.htm