Unit 4 Mauryan Dynasty

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Unit 4 Mauryan Dynasty

  1. 1. The Mauryan Dynasty
  2. 2. <ul><li>Main Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Trace the rise and fall of India’s first unified kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>24. Identify Asoka and describe the reforms he made in India during his reign. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Mauryan Dynasty After 400 B.C., India faced new threats from the west – Persia, Greece, and Macedonia. Alexander the Great invaded northern India in 327 B.C. He left quickly, but his invasion gave rise to the first Indian dynasty.
  4. 4. Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta Maurya - founded a new Indian state. - first Indian Empire - highly centralized government. - empire divided into provinces ruled by governors. King had a large army and secret police.
  5. 5. Asoka - empire flourished under Asoka, (grandson of Chandragupta Maurya) - considered greatest Indian ruler ever. - converted to Buddhism and governed according to Buddhist ideals. - kindness was legendary. - set up hospitals for people and animals, ordered shelters for travelers.
  6. 6. Asoka <ul><li>India flourished economically under Asoka. </li></ul><ul><li>became important crossroads in commercial network from the Pacific rim to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean. </li></ul>
  7. 7. SILK ROADS
  8. 8. Asoka <ul><li>After Asoka dies in 232 B.C. empire declines. </li></ul><ul><li>- Last Indian ruler killed in 183 B.C., and India falls into disunity. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Indian Culture Architecture Pillar – most famous – pillars erected alongside roads to mark sites related to events in Buddha's life.

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