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Hanging gardens of babylon


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This My HomeWork for My English Class
I hope my Teacher like it ^^

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Hanging gardens of babylon

  1. 1. Student: Hoda B. Al-Maqrabi Al-Malki
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  3. 3.  The Movie …….. Introduction …………. Seven Quick Facts ……. Location ……. The Mysterious Gardens ….. Gift for A Homesick Wife ….. Garden Construction ……. Irrigation system ….. A Problem ……. How big were the gardens ….. My Opinion ….... References …….. 3
  4. 4. The Hanging Gardensof Babylon areperhaps the mostmysterious of theseven wonders. Theyare remarkable in thatthey compose theonly wonder whosevery existence hasbeen very seriouslycalled into question. 5
  5. 5. Location: City State of Babylon (Modern Iraq)Built: Around 600 BCFunction: Royal GardensDestroyed: Earthquake, 2nd Century BCSize: Height probably 80 ft. (24m)Made of: Mud brick waterproofed with lead.Other: Only wonder whose archaeological remains cannot be verified. 6
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  7. 7. Babylon was the capitalof the Neo-Babylonianempire, which thrived inthe region ofMesopotamia (a regioncovering today’s Iraq,part of Syria,southeastern Turkey andSouthwestern Iran) from612 B.C. 8
  8. 8. the gardens were built tocheer upNebuchadnezzarshomesick wife, Amyitis.Amyitis, daughter of theking of the Medes, wasmarried toNebuchadnezzar tocreate an alliancebetween the twonations. 9
  9. 9. The land she came from,though, was green, ruggedand mountainous, and shefound the flat, sun-bakedterrain of Mesopotamiadepressing. The kingdecided to relieve herdepression by recreatingher homeland through thebuilding of an artificialmountain with rooftopgardens. 10
  10. 10. The Hanging Gardensprobably did not really"hang" in the sense ofbeing suspended fromcables or ropes. Thename comes from aninexact translation ofthe Greekword kremastos, or theLatin word pensilis,which means not just"hanging", but"overhanging" as in thecase of a terrace orbalcony. 11
  11. 11. The Greek geographerStrabo, who described thegardens in first century BC,wrote, "It consists of vaultedterraces raised one aboveanother, and resting uponcube-shaped pillars. These arehollow and filled with earth toallow trees of the largest sizeto be planted. The pillars, thevaults, and terraces areconstructed of baked brickand asphalt." 12
  12. 12. "The ascent to thehighest story is by stairs,and at their side arewater engines, by meansof which persons,appointed expressly forthe purpose, arecontinually employed inraising water from theEuphrates into thegarden." 13
  13. 13. A chain pump is two large wheels, oneabove the other, connected by a chain.On the chain are hung buckets. Below thebottom wheel is a pool with the watersource.As the wheel is turned, the buckets dipinto the pool and pick up water.The chain then lifts them to the upperwheel, where the buckets are tipped anddumped into an upper pool.The chain then carries the empty onesback down to be refilled. 14
  14. 14. Construction of the gardens was not onlycomplicated by the need to get water tothe top of the gardens, but also by thefact that the water would destroy thefoundation if it were allowed to reach thebricks. Since stone was hard to find on theMesopotamian Plain, most of thearchitecture in Babylon was made out ofbrick. The bricks were composed of claymixed with chopped straw, which werethen baked in the sun. The bricks werejoined with bitumen, a slimy substancethat acts like glue between the bricks.These bricks quickly dissolved whensoaked with water. 15
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  16. 16. we can onlywonder if QueenAmyitis was happywith her fantasticpresent, or if shecontinued to pinefor the greenmountains of herdistant homeland. 17
  17. 17. I really like thehanging garden. It’sso beautiful story,even more amazingthan taj mahal tome. Cause the kingbuild this miraclewhen she is aliveand she probablylove it. 18
  18. 18. The End 19
  19. 19.  abylon ancient-world2.htm PDF files From internet PowerPoint Slides from internet 20