Introduction to Information Literacy

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Discusses general concepts concerning information literacy.

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Introduction to Information Literacy

  1. 1. What does it mean to be “information literate”?
  2. 2. Why do you need to know this? After all you are literate. You can read and write. So, isn’t that all you need to get through college?
  3. 3. It’s true being literate is the ability to read and write. It’s also true that you need to read and write to get through college.
  4. 4. Information literacy is something different.
  5. 5. So what is it?
  6. 6. It’s a life skill used to go from a place of not knowing something, to finding a source of knowledge, to examining that source and then using what you have learned properly.
  7. 7. Today information literacy is very important because there are so many information resources available. To be information literate means you have developed a very important set of skills.
  8. 8. According to the American Library Association (to make this official), “Information Literacy is the set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information.”
  9. 9. Let’s use a simple real life example. You want to buy a computer. That appears an easy task to solve.
  10. 10. First you need to know what type of computer you want to buy! – PC – Mac – Other
  11. 11. There are some things you know already! Your friend, Maria, has a Windows computer! You like the computer she has. You want to buy a Windows computer.
  12. 12. But, she didn’t like the store where she bought the computer. Tells you not to go there. She said, “The service was awful!” You want to go to a computer store. You ask Maria where she bought her computer.
  13. 13. So where do you go? You need information about computer stores. What do you do? You search for information about computer stores on the Internet.
  14. 14. You use your favorite search engine.
  15. 15. You find many computer stores.
  16. 16. There are too many computer stores on the results list. You want to limit the choices. It is important to you to find a computer store near you. So, you narrow your search by adding the name of your town into the search form.
  17. 17. There are five computer stores in your town. You do another search. This time adding the name of the computer that you want to buy. The next search lists three stores in your town.
  18. 18. The first two stores are close to your house. The third you’ll have to drive to reach. You look at the various store websites. The stores near your house sell the computer you want for $799.
  19. 19. The one furthest away is running a special at $499.
  20. 20. At each step in locating the store you’ve: • Identified the information needed. • Searched to find the information. • Retrieved the information. • Analyzed the information.
  21. 21. Next you did the following. • Identified the additional information you needed. • Searched to find the additional information. • Retrieved the information. • Analyzed the information.
  22. 22. What’s Next?
  23. 23. USE THE INFORMATION!! You are now computer store knowledgeable. You’ve gained knowledge from your research. You are ready to act upon the information attained from your research.
  24. 24. You get in your car and go to the store. You buy your new computer.
  25. 25. This is how information literacy works! Through a logical series of steps you found, retrieved, analyzed, and used information.
  26. 26. Next we’ll look at the academic world and answer an important question. “What does it mean to be information literate for college?” Do the student activity for this lesson. After that proceed to the next lesson. Revised Wednesday, February 4, 15

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