Lesson discusses evaluating your research results and also the tools used to properly cite your research. This is the sixth lesson of the Eastern University open access course at http://eudigitalbadges.org.
for the Health Science Student
Lesson 6: Putting Your Research Together
This lesson reviews what we have learned.
It’s time to double check and make sure that
your information is current, factual, and
Look over the information that you have
gathered and ask some questions.
•Who wrote it?
•Where was it published?
•When was it written?
•How is the information presented?
Who wrote the article?
When looking at a peer-reviewed
article you should see the
author’s name, professional
affiliations and academic
The information does not always
follow the same format. But, the
information about an author is
important when determining the
quality of the research article.
You may want to see if the
author has written additional
articles on the topic. The
author’s name can you lead to
Check the Reference List
A peer-reviewed article will have a
listing of cited references.
Always check the references. The
list can lead to additional important
If you see a reference cited in
many articles, consult it. It may be
very important to the topic you are
Looking for Relevancy
In this abstract the author’s
purpose, methodology, results
and the implications of the
paper are clearly stated in the
This paper explores the origins
of evidence-based practice in
health sciences librarianship.
Looking for Bias
Everyone has his or her particular
viewpoint or bias. This is important
to note when you are doing research.
Bias is not necessarily a bad thing.
However, it is important to recognize
bias in your research.
The authors in the Journal of
Christian Nursing may have a bias
that is reflected in the articles they
Checking Up on Bias
Determine bias by assessing:
• The publisher’s information.
• The author’s affiliations.
• Date of publication.
Any of these can help determine the bias.
Sometimes simply reading the title of the
publication reveals an author’s partiality.
Current information is the
It’s a good way to think about
the information you use in
writing your paper.
Use the latest insights for your
Can you follow the evidence trail?
When you evaluate your sources it is important
to note how the information is presented.
1. The abstract of an article should clearly
display aims, background, design and
method, results, conclusions, and
2. Citations should be clearly marked
throughout the publication.
3. Conclusions and relevance of the
research should be unambiguous.
4. References follow a standard academic
Citing Your Research
You are expected to follow academic
standards in presenting your research.
There are tools available that will
assure that you are following these
The tools will help you determine:
•How the title page is formatted.
•What an introduction looks like.
•What is the proper format for the
•How references are cited.
•How you can avoid plagiarism.
Why cite the sources you use for your
Whether you are in a class or
preparing to publish, you are
expected to consult the
research of others, and to
bring together their ideas and
yours in such a way that
makes sense to you and your
Credit Where Credit Is Due
All academic research, no matter the discipline,
is built upon verifiable evidence.
Your paper is built upon the work of other
Properly citing your resources acknowledges
that your opinion is based upon authoritative
and verifiable evidence produced by
researchers who are experts in their field.
In your classes and in the your
professional life there are
expectations regarding the format
style of research papers.
University courses use different style
guides for formatting and citing
The different style guides represent
the scholarly needs of an academic
The Publication Manual of the American
Psychological Association (APA) is
recognized as a standard for papers written
in the sciences
It is not the only style used in the sciences.
Check with your publisher of professor
regarding the style you should use.
This manual is found in most college
It can be found in the campus bookstore
and through most book retailers.
Check http://www.apastyle.org/ for more
The Chicago Manual of Style
The publication manual of The Chicago Manual
of Style is recognized as the standard for papers
written in a variety of academic disciplines.
The Chicago Manual of Style is found in your
It can be found in the campus bookstore and
through most book retailers.
for more information.
A widely used manual of style for the health
sciences is the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide
for Authors and Editors.
It can be purchased in the campus bookstore
and through most book retailers.
Check http://www.amamanualofstyle.com/ for
Great Online Help!
Purdue University’s Online
Writing Lab (OWL) is a great
resource that can help you
format your paper.
The site offer sample papers
using the major format style that
will help you step-by-step as you
Check out the site at
Tools to Assist You
Eastern University students also
have access citation management
There is a website dedicated to
instructing you how to use
RefWorks. This can be found at
Next we will discuss academic honesty.
Do the student activity for this lesson.
After that proceed to the next lesson.
Revised Thursday, February 12, 15.