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Painting Lesson 1


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Achieving 3dimensionality in a painting.

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Painting Lesson 1

  1. 1. Art of the Middle Ages Romanesque and Gothic Art Medieval Times 500-1050 Dark Ages 400-800
  2. 2. Around 400 A.D. the Roman Empire fell to invading armies
  3. 3. Charlemagne (742-814) In the 8 th century, Charlemagne brought Europe together as a civilized continent.
  4. 4. In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated.
  5. 5. Page of text from a Carolingian Gospel Book written in Carolingian minuscule.
  6. 6. Art of the Dark Ages Celtic-Germanic art combined ornamental interlacing patterns with animal style
  7. 7. Lock for a purse makes use of garnets, glass, enamel, and gold and was mounted on a slab of ivory. The two bears are facing each other in perfect symmetry, forming the shape of a heart .
  8. 8. Geometric and abstract designs were fascinating to Pre-Romanesque artists. Monks in secluded monasteries decorated pages of Scripture and other writings with infinite detail. X-P page From the Lindisfarne Gospel Book
  9. 9. The Lindisfarne Gospels: Gospel of St John the Evangelist, initial page, late 7th or early 8th century .
  10. 10. A page from the Book of Kells Celtic-Germanic art combined ornamental interlacing patterns with the animal style
  11. 12. Wood, stone were also used in Celtic animal style
  12. 13. The art and architecture at the end of the Middle Ages is divided into two periods Romanesque: 1050 – 1150 Gothic: 1150-1500
  13. 14. Bodiam Castle in England
  14. 15. Castle ruins in Worms Germany
  15. 16. Nouaillé Maupertuis
  16. 17. Architecture: Castles: fort like dwellings with high Walls and towers, protected further By a moat and drawbridge
  17. 18. Worms Cathedral about 1168-1181. Worms, Germany
  18. 19. Wooden roofs are replaced by masonry barrel vaults which eliminated the danger of fire and produced better acoustics Worms Cathedral typifies Romanesque architecture in Germany. Towers or campaniles
  20. 21. St. Sernin, Toulouse 1080-1121
  21. 22. Nave with barrel vault apse ambulatory transept
  22. 23. St. Sernin, Toulouse (nave)
  23. 24. St. Sernin, Toulouse (aisle)
  24. 25. Ste. Madeleine, Vezelay, France. 1120-32 Romanesque features Exterior View
  25. 26. Vezelay, nave: Groined vaults rather than single barrel vaults
  26. 27. Vezelay, exterior tympanum (Mission of the Apostles) Sculpture used to teach religion to people since most could not read. This type of sculpture is called architectonic since it is part of the architecture.
  27. 28. The Bayeaux Tapestry was stitched to commemorate the Battle of Hastings It measures 230 feet long (70 meters) and 20 inches wide. It was made To hang around the wall of a cathedral or castle.
  28. 37. For more on the Bayeaux Tapestry
  29. 38. Gothic Art 1200 AD <ul><li>Gothic Art is the style of art produced in Northern Europe from the middle ages up until the beginning of the Renaissance. Typically rooted in religious devotion, it is especially known for the distinctive arched design of its churches, its stained glass, and its illuminated manuscripts. People moved from the countryside into towns. </li></ul>
  30. 39. Here, the construction begins with an equilateral triangle, the simple rule of thumb for which is - all sides are equal. Now adjust your compass to half the length of the baseline, and from point A construct a semicircular arch. The Pointed Arch
  31. 40.                                                                         With your compass still adjusted to half the length of the baseline, construct a concave arch from point B. Repeat at point C. World Trade Center, New York.
  32. 41. There are several features that Characterize Gothic construction. There is an overall feeling of verticality as architects tried to make the interiors as high as possible, as if reaching toward heaven. Chartres Cathedral
  33. 43. Chartres Cathedral, Nave with Labyrinth, 1194-1260
  34. 44. Chartres, flying buttresses
  35. 45. St. Etienne, Bourges
  36. 46. Interior of Salisbury Cathedral
  37. 47. Pillars carry most of the ceiling’s weight
  38. 48. Fan Vaulting broke the vaulting into many umbrella spokes and also lightened the pressure of the ceiling
  39. 49. Gargoyles: a protecting ornament on a building carved in the shape of a fantastic animal or grotesque creature; meant to look like spirits fleeing or being driven from the holy building, could also have been to entice non-believers to enter the cathedral.
  40. 50. Can you guess were this gargoyle is located?
  41. 51. If you guessed Parliament hill you were right! There are four gargoyles on the Peace Tower which are characteristic of Gothic Architecture.
  42. 52. Rose Window: A large round stained glass window in the front of the church
  43. 56. In Italy Romanesque style dominated over Gothic. (Basilica San Francesco)
  44. 57. The Capture of Christ A Fresco is a painting created when pigment is applied to a section of wall spread with fresh plaster. Fresco is the Italian word for “fresh” Fresco Upper Church of San Francesco, Assisi
  45. 58. Madonna Enthroned with the Child, St Francis and four Angels (detail) 1278-80 Fresco, 73 x 60 cm (full painting: 320 x 340 cm
  46. 59. Apocalyptical Christ (detail) 1280-83 Fresco, 350 x 300 cm Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi
  47. 60. St Matthew 1280-83 Fresco, Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi
  48. 61. The fresco decorations in the Arena Chapel at Padua have long been considered the greatest of Giotto's works, and one of the major turning points in the history of European painting.
  49. 63. Presentation of Christ
  50. 64. The Birth of the Virgin
  51. 65. The Vision of Joachim
  52. 66. Madonna and Child (1320-30) Giotto. Lamentation 1305-1306
  53. 67. Simone Martini. c. 1315 (or later). Tempera on wood. Louvre, Paris, France The Road to Calvary.
  54. 68. Les très riches heures du Duc de Berry (The very rich book of hours) is the classic example of a medieval book of hours. Calendars, prayers, psalms and masses for certain holy days were commonly included. January The month of giving gifts
  55. 69. April The arrival of spring, hope and new life August The month of hawking
  56. 70. December February Winter in a peasant village .
  57. 71. For more on medieval art