Lesson Seven


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Lesson Seven

  1. 1. Recognizing Fall Hazards in the Home and Community
  2. 2. <ul><li>We can change fall-ty behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>We should prioritize changes, choosing most dangerous behaviors which are not as difficult to change </li></ul><ul><li>We should review our homes for fall hazards, and make changes were possible </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Recognize the benefits of a positive attitude towards fall prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss common fall hazards in the home </li></ul><ul><li>Use a personal action planner for one environmental hazard </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Remember this? </li></ul><ul><li>There were 16. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Common hazards Clutter Sharp furniture Loose electrical cords
  6. 6. Poor lighting Raised doorway Slippery surfaces
  7. 7. Stairs without handrails Loose throw rugs
  8. 8. Other reminders to prevent falls Don’t carry too much Store frequently used items lower in pantry. Decrease clutter. No socks on a slippery floor Wear sensible shoes
  9. 9. Bathroom Tips Install grab bars Use a shower chair Use weaker leg to get into tub
  10. 10. <ul><li>Discuss hazards in your home </li></ul><ul><li>Review own surveys, go through from memory </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm common hazards and how to eliminate them </li></ul><ul><li>Lets look at some “messy rooms” </li></ul>
  11. 21. <ul><li>Take a break! </li></ul><ul><li>Roam the halls with a friend or two and see how the new building stacks up </li></ul><ul><li>Template </li></ul>
  12. 22. <ul><li>Record hazards at West City Campus </li></ul><ul><li>Determine how possible it is to change hazards to make it safer </li></ul><ul><li>Review own hazards & hazards of the messy rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Determine how possible it is to change home hazards </li></ul>
  13. 23. <ul><li>See Handout 7.1 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: Eliminate environmental fall hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Action: </li></ul><ul><li>Materials/physical assistance needed </li></ul><ul><li>Possible problems </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions: Prioritize answers to problems </li></ul><ul><li>Template </li></ul>
  14. 24. <ul><li>1 st response: Hand out front: </li></ul><ul><li>Let arm take weight…protects the head! </li></ul><ul><li>After fall, check how you feel…slowly move </li></ul><ul><li>Stay put if you have problems (pain, sweating, dizziness, nausea) </li></ul><ul><li>Use Emergency Response or 9 1 1 </li></ul>
  15. 25. <ul><li>Handout 7.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Roll to one side (a side that doesn’t hurt) </li></ul><ul><li>Bend knees, up on all fours </li></ul><ul><li>Reach for stable object (table, chair, toilet) to push up on </li></ul>Photos courtesy of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
  16. 26. <ul><li>Evaluate why you fell </li></ul><ul><li>Tell? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Change ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal behavior </li></ul></ul>
  17. 27. <ul><li>Deep Breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Good Morning Stretch </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder Rolls </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonal Arm Press across Body </li></ul><ul><li>Foot Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Seated Knee Raises </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonal Arm Press towards floor </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonal Arm press towards ceiling </li></ul><ul><li>Rowing Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Seated Leg Extensions </li></ul><ul><li>Seated Knee Raises (not alternating) </li></ul>
  18. 28. <ul><li>Toe Stands </li></ul><ul><li>(heel raises) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternating Steps </li></ul><ul><li>(march in place) </li></ul><ul><li>14. Side Stepping </li></ul><ul><li>15. The Box Step </li></ul><ul><li>(Waltz) </li></ul><ul><li>Standing Hip Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Leg Lift to side </li></ul><ul><li>Hip Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Standing Foot Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Heel Cord Stretch </li></ul>
  19. 29. <ul><li>Wrist Rise and Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Finger Spread </li></ul><ul><li>Wrist Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Touch Elbows Stretch (front and back) </li></ul><ul><li>Arm Chair Push </li></ul><ul><li>Ear to Shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>Look Left, look right </li></ul><ul><li>Good morning stretch </li></ul><ul><li>Giant Bear Hug Stretch </li></ul>
  20. 30. <ul><li>We learned how to access our surroundings for fall hazards </li></ul><ul><li>We learned how to develop a plan to improve the safety of our environment </li></ul><ul><li>We learned how to get up from a fall </li></ul><ul><li>We learned what to do when we fall </li></ul>
  21. 31. Where it all comes together…