Hearing Loss


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A look at the physical and emotional effects of hearing loss, especially as it pertains to older adults.

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Hearing Loss

  1. 1. Hearing Loss Things to know
  2. 2. Who has hearing loss? <ul><li>About a third of Americans between ages of 65 and 74. </li></ul><ul><li>About half over age 85 </li></ul>
  3. 3. How do I know if I have a hearing loss? <ul><li>See your doctor if you: </li></ul><ul><li>Have trouble hearing over the telephone, </li></ul><ul><li>Find it hard to follow conversations when two or more people are talking, </li></ul><ul><li>Need to turn up the TV volume so loud that others complain, </li></ul><ul><li>Have a problem hearing because of background noise, </li></ul><ul><li>Sense that others seem to mumble, or </li></ul><ul><li>Can't understand when women and children speak to you. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=20432 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of hearing loss <ul><li>Aging </li></ul><ul><li>Ear wax buildup </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to loud noise over long period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Viral or bacterial infections </li></ul><ul><li>Heart conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Head injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Tumors </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines (certain) </li></ul><ul><li>Heredity </li></ul>
  5. 5. How can I help a friend with hearing loss? <ul><li>Here are some tips you can use when talking with someone who has a hearing problem: </li></ul><ul><li>Face the person and talk clearly. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak at a reasonable speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Stand in good lighting & reduce background noises. </li></ul><ul><li>Use facial expressions or gestures to give useful clues. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat yourself if necessary, using different words. </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient; stay positive and relaxed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask how you can help. </li></ul>http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=20432&page=2
  6. 6. What can I do if I have trouble hearing? <ul><li>Let people know that you have trouble hearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask people to face you, and to speak more slowly and clearly; also ask them to speak without shouting. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to what is being said and to facial expressions or gestures. </li></ul><ul><li>Let the person talking know if you do not understand. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask people to reword a sentence and try again </li></ul>http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=20432&page=2
  7. 7. Hearing Aids: Generalizations <ul><li>All hearing aids have: </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone (pick up sound) </li></ul><ul><li>Amplifier (make sound louder) </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker (bring sound to ear) </li></ul><ul><li>Battery </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hearing aids <ul><li>Behind the ear (all ages, mild to profound hearing loss) </li></ul><ul><li>In the ear (mild to severe hearing loss) </li></ul><ul><li>Canal (small, difficult to adjust and move, not suitable for children or people with severe or profound hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Can be analog or digital </li></ul><ul><li>Analog (covert sound into electrical signals, then amplified)Less expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Digital (convert sound waves into numerical codes, then amplify)Can be adjusted to certain listening environments, more expensive than analog </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cochlear Implants <ul><li>Device is implanted behind the ear during surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>Only for severer hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Helps person hear sounds & conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic devise placed in bone of skull </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wires & electrodes inserted into inner ear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microphone & transmitter worn outside body </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Tools to help with hearing loss <ul><li>Assistive technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal FM systems with your own microphone and speaker. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrared systems (sound transmitted by infrared light) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Induction loop system (induction loop permanently installed, and connects to mike used by speaker, hearing aid picks up signal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other tools include phone amplifying devices, amplified answering machines, paging systems, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Visual tools for hearing impaired <ul><li>Alerting devises (such as doorbell, smoke alarms, baby crying devises, vibrating watch alarms) </li></ul><ul><li>Text telephones </li></ul><ul><li>Computerized speech recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Closed captioning TV </li></ul>