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Glomerulonephritis<br />Matthew Patjawee<br />
Overview<br />Glomerul/o/nephr/itis<br />glomeruli                kidney       inflammation<br />Alternative names: acute/...
Glomeruli<br />Glomeruli – The filters of the kidneys which filter the blood and make urine. <br />
Etiology<br />Often, the precise cause of glomerulonephritis is unknown.<br />Glomerulonephritis may be caused by specific...
Signs/Symptoms<br />Most common symptoms:<br />Hematuria (dark, brown, or rusty colored,)<br />Proteinuria<br />Foamy urin...
Signs/Symptoms<br />Symptoms which may also appear include:<br />Abdominal pain<br />Cough<br />Diarrhea<br />Fever<br />J...
Risk Factors<br />History of cancer<br />Blood or lymphatic disorders<br />Exposure to hydrocarbon solvents<br />Diabetes<...
Diagnosis<br />Because symptoms develop gradually, the disorder may be discovered when there is an abnormal urinalysis dur...
Tests and Clinical Procedures<br />Imaging tests:<br />Abdominal CT scan<br />Abdominal ultrasound<br />Chest x-ray<br />I...
Treatments<br />Treatment varies depending the type and severity of symptoms. <br />High blood pressure may be difficult t...
Prognosis<br />Glomerulonephritis may be a temporary and reversible condition, or it may get worse. Progressive glomerulon...
Case Study<br />Patient: <br />12 year old girl who visited the doctor in distress.<br />Symptoms:<br />Has been passing r...
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Glomerulonephritis

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Glomerulonephritis overview

Glomerulonephritis

  1. 1. Glomerulonephritis<br />Matthew Patjawee<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Glomerul/o/nephr/itis<br />glomeruli kidney inflammation<br />Alternative names: acute/chronic nephritis, glomerular disease<br />Definition: Type of kidney disease in which the part of the kidneys that help filter waste and fluids from the blood is damaged. <br />Damage to the glomeruli causes blood and protein to be lost in the urine.<br />
  3. 3. Glomeruli<br />Glomeruli – The filters of the kidneys which filter the blood and make urine. <br />
  4. 4. Etiology<br />Often, the precise cause of glomerulonephritis is unknown.<br />Glomerulonephritis may be caused by specific problems with the body's immune system. <br />
  5. 5. Signs/Symptoms<br />Most common symptoms:<br />Hematuria (dark, brown, or rusty colored,)<br />Proteinuria<br />Foamy urine<br />Swelling of the face, eyes, ankle, feet, legs, abdomen<br />
  6. 6. Signs/Symptoms<br />Symptoms which may also appear include:<br />Abdominal pain<br />Cough<br />Diarrhea<br />Fever<br />Joint aches<br />Muscle aches<br />Loss of appetite<br />Shortness of breath<br />
  7. 7. Risk Factors<br />History of cancer<br />Blood or lymphatic disorders<br />Exposure to hydrocarbon solvents<br />Diabetes<br />Infections<br />Strep infections<br />Heart infections<br />Viruses<br />
  8. 8. Diagnosis<br />Because symptoms develop gradually, the disorder may be discovered when there is an abnormal urinalysis during a routine physical or examination for unrelated disorders.<br />
  9. 9. Tests and Clinical Procedures<br />Imaging tests:<br />Abdominal CT scan<br />Abdominal ultrasound<br />Chest x-ray<br />Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)<br />Urinalysis and other urine tests:<br />Creatinine clearance<br />Urine concentration test<br />Urine specific gravity<br />Total protein<br />
  10. 10. Treatments<br />Treatment varies depending the type and severity of symptoms. <br />High blood pressure may be difficult to control, and it is generally the most important aspect of treatment.<br />Medicines that may be prescribed include:<br />Blood pressure medications are often needed to control high blood pressure. <br />Medications that suppress the immune system may also be prescribed, depending on the cause of the condition.<br />
  11. 11. Prognosis<br />Glomerulonephritis may be a temporary and reversible condition, or it may get worse. Progressive glomerulonephritis may lead to chronic kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease.<br />
  12. 12. Case Study<br />Patient: <br />12 year old girl who visited the doctor in distress.<br />Symptoms:<br />Has been passing rusty colored urine.<br />Looked puffy around the face.<br />High blood pressure.<br />Doctor saw previous antibiotics given for streptococcal infection in her records.<br />Doctor used test strip to test urine.<br />Resulted in presence of protein.<br />Blood test was arranged<br />Blood test suggested an autoimmune response had damaged part of the kidneys nephrons.<br />Doctor suggested she be closely watched for the time being and blood pressure monitored.<br />Her condition fortunately cleared up after a few months.<br />

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