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Introduction to Open Educational Resources for New Teachers

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Slides presented to new teachers in our Bachelor of Education Program at Vancouver Island University. Provided an overview of the landscape for content creation, fair dealings, public domain, embeddable content, and Creative Commons

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Introduction to Open Educational Resources for New Teachers

  1. 1. The Liberating New World of Open Educational Resources Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning Vancouver Island University Search & Create LicenseRemix Share Title credit: Kimmons (2016)
  2. 2. Embeddable content Social media A diverse landscape for content creators and educators
  3. 3. • I’ll use the resources available to the school • I’ll supplement school resources with anything useful I find regardless of copyright • I’ll seek permission for resources I find that fall under copyright • I’ll use fair dealing allowances to make use of resources I need • I’ll seek openly licensed or public domain content What’s your strategy for creating learning resources? Vote here: http://bit.ly/EDTE500
  4. 4. Copyright basics • Copyright applies to all works created • Copyright is assumed automatically and immediately • Fair use allows for the use of some copyright protected works with limitations
  5. 5. Online DOES NOT EQUAL openly licensed! Pixel | Flickr - Photo Sharing! : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/37408217@N08/5025870260/ Author: filin ilia - aliyo.hu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/deed.en
  6. 6. © Cancels the Possibilities Of digital media and the internet Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids Wiley, D. (2012) Openness and the Future. ETS Future of Assessment Conference. Presentation available: http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/openness-and-the-future-of-assessment
  7. 7. • an educational institution or a person acting under its authority for the purposes of education or training on its premises may reproduce, communicate by telecommunication and perform for students, works that are available on the Internet, subject to various conditions UBC Copyright Modernization Digest Fair Dealing Guidelines Copyright: Key Questions & Answers for Teachers Updates to Copyright Act and Fair Dealing in Canada (Bill C-11)
  8. 8. Open Educational Resources Shared Shared freely and openly to be… Used Improved Redistributed … used by anyone to …… adapt / repurpose/ improve under some type of license in order to … … redistribute and share again. Open content / open educational resources (OER) / open courseware are educational materials which are discoverable online and openly licensed that can be:
  9. 9. Who is involved?
  10. 10. The Open Movement A broad landscape of open educational resources Open Source Software Open Access Research Open Licences Open Science Open Society Open Educational Resources Open Data
  11. 11. Alternative Copyright Licensing
  12. 12. State of the Commons 2015/2016 https://stateof.creativecommons.org/ https://stateof.creativecommons.org/2015/
  13. 13. Explore Creative Commons Licensed Works For more see: http://creativecommons.ca/ https://ciel.viu.ca/learning-technologies-innovation/developing-using-media-content/finding-using-open-educational-resources/creative-commons-licences Freely and legally accessible resources for reuse and remixing in creative works
  14. 14. Recap: What makes an OER? • Educational curriculum, materials, or mixed media • Discoverable online as they are shared freely and openly • Openly licensed (usually Creative Commons) • Can be legally used by anyone to repurpose/ improve and redistribute
  15. 15. Courseware Text & Multimedia ImagesVideo Open vs. Closed Resources
  16. 16. A good starting point: OER Commons
  17. 17. Open textbooks for K12: Siyavula
  18. 18. B.C. Open Textbook Project Brigham Young University faculty survey seeks to advance open education through academic libraries | Flickr - Photo Sharing! : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/6555466069/ Author: opensourceway http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- sa/2.0/deed.en “B.C. is leveraging 21st century-technologies and licensing to ensure its citizens have affordable access to high-quality post-secondary textbooks. Open licensing on publicly funded content ensures the greatest impact for the public dollar.“ Dr. Cable Green (Creative Commons) https://open.bccampus.ca
  19. 19. Creative Commons Search
  20. 20. https://wordpress.viu.ca/openeducationalresources/ VIU Open Education Referatory
  21. 21. Attributing Creative Commons https://twitter.com/Mattclare/status/331429150143430659/photo/1 Author, Title, Source, URL to source, URL to license MIT OpenCourseWare Nuclear Systems Design Project | Nuclear Science and Engineering | MIT OpenCourseWare: from - http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/nuclear-engineering/22-033- nuclear-systems-design-project-fall-2011/ Author: Dr. Michael Short http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US Wikipedia Vancouver Island University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: from - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vancouver_Island_University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Nope!
  22. 22. Which of these is the most frequently cited reasons for using OER • To enhance professional development • To provide electronic learning material to students • To prepare for teaching • To supplement existing content • For ideas and inspiration
  23. 23. Most frequently cited reasons for using OER • To enhance professional development (28%) • To provide electronic learning material to students (35%) • To prepare for teaching (52%) • To supplement existing content (59%) • For ideas and inspiration (67%) Jhangiani, R. S., Pitt, R., Hendricks, C., Key, J., & Lalonde, C. (2016). Exploring Faculty Use of Open Educational Resources at British Columbia Post-Secondary Institutions. BCcampus Research Report. Retrieved from https://bccampus.ca/files/2016/01/BCFacultyUseOfOER_final.pdf
  24. 24. What becomes possible using OER? • Free access to online resource in a variety of formats • Editing, localization and remixing of content for local context • OER as source for building online courses, activities, assessment • Course content can be shared and promoted openly on web, social media, etc. Jhangiani, J. (2015) Douglas College PD Event: The Desirable and Inevitable Shift Towards Open Pedagogy and Open Science. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/rajivjhangiani1/the-future-is-open-the- desirable-and-inevitable-shift-towards-open-pedagogy-and- open-science
  25. 25. What do we lose when using OER? Jhangiani, J. (2015) Douglas College PD Event: The Desirable and Inevitable Shift Towards Open Pedagogy and Open Science. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/rajivjhangiani1/the-future-is-open-the- desirable-and-inevitable-shift-towards-open-pedagogy-and- open-science • Perceived high quality of publisher generated texts • Ancillary materials included with textbooks (slide decks, simulations, test banks, activity sheets, etc.) • Potential familiarity and history with frequently used resource
  26. 26. Research on Potential OER impact Significant potential for impact on: • student performance and satisfaction • inspiring new approaches to teaching and learning • more equitable access to educational resources • critical reflection on practice by educators through exposure to OER Lesser impact: • student retention • institutional finances Weller, M., de los Arcos, B., Farrow, R., Pitt, B., & McAndrew, P. (2015). The impact of OER on teaching and learning practice. Open Praxis, 7(4), 351-361. Retrieved online http://www.openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/view/227
  27. 27. Ignore Explore Use with intent Contribute Open Educational Resources
  28. 28. Developing an OER for this course using Wordpress
  29. 29. Multiple student sites aggregated to parent site (individual reflections, blogs, thoughts, useful resources, etc.) Set up your site on https://studentblogs.viu.ca/ (locally hosted) or https://wordpress.com/ U.S. hosting We will use FeedWordPress to aggregate your posts automatically to: https://wordpress.viu.ca/edte500vieira/
  30. 30. Embeddable Content You can embed content from any of these popular websites on your Wordpress site Simply paste the URL onto any post or page Embedded content is not a copyright breach, however: • Do not present the material as if it is your own • Cite the author whenever possible • Recognize that the resources may disappear or change!
  31. 31. References and further reading • Jhangiani, R. S., Pitt, R., Hendricks, C., Key, J., & Lalonde, C. (2016). Exploring Faculty Use of Open Educational Resources at British Columbia Post-Secondary Institutions. BCcampus Research Report. Retrieved from https://bccampus.ca/files/2016/01/BCFacultyUseOfOER_final.pdf • Jhangiani, J. (2015) Douglas College PD Event: The Desirable and Inevitable Shift Towards Open Pedagogy and Open Science. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/rajivjhangiani1/the-future-is-open-the-desirable-and-inevitable-shift-towards- open-pedagogy-and-open-science • Kimmons , R. (2016). The Liberating New World of Open Educational Resources (OER): Copyright, Fair Use, and Open Licensing. Accessed online: http://live.classroom20.com/archive-and-resources/category/royce-kimmons • Weller, M., de los Arcos, B., Farrow, R., Pitt, B., & McAndrew, P. (2015). The impact of OER on teaching and learning practice. Open Praxis, 7(4), 351-361. Retrieved online http://www.openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/view/227 • Wiley, D. (2012) Openness and the Future. ETS Future of Assessment Conference. Presentation available: http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/openness-and-the-future-of-assessment
  32. 32. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 Prepared by: Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning michael.paskevicus@viu.ca Follow me: http://twitter.com/mpaskevi Blog: http://wordpress.viu.ca/ciel Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi

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