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Nanosatellite Industry Overview
February 2014 Update
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Content of the Presentation
• Introduction
• Trends and Hot Topics
• Myths Vs. Facts
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Ove...
Cut to the Chase
• COTS in LEO has proven to be eminently capable …
yet end-users exhibit strong reluctance to use it.
• C...
Introduction (1)
• Satellites are categorized by their weight
according to the following key:
– Less than 1 kg: Pico satel...
Introduction (2)
• Nanosatellite Market growing rapidly
– Cubesats: Conception in 2000
– First missions launched in 2003
–...
Past Launches
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 20146
CubeSatShop – The “AMAZON” of the Industry
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 20147
Or like this
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 20148
A satellite inside a satellite inside a satellite
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 20149
Trends and Hot Topics
•Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
•Feb 2014•10
CubeSat Generations
• 1st : Modern Sputniks
• 2nd : Utility of the 3U is demonstrated
• 3rd : More power, attitude control...
Trends / Hot Topics
• Earth Imaging/video
• EDAC enabled OBC’s
• >20Krad TID
• ~80W Power systems
• >5Mbps Comms
• AIS/ADS...
Images taken by CubeSats
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201413
Livestream Video from Space
1U satellites, built by EXA (Ecuador Space Agency)
Pegasus Krysaor
Pariente - Nanosatellite In...
Enabling Technologies: Communication
• Biggest bottleneck perceived
– €/bit is metric to be optimized for effective system...
Transceivers for CubeSats
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201416
Using all kinds of Frequencies
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201417
X-band 50Mbps transmitter
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201418
Miniature Deployable High Gain
Antenna - Boeing
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201419
Miniature Deployable High Gain
Antenna - Boeing
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201420
Why deploy if you can…. Inflate ?
Credit: MIT Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201421
Patch Antennas
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201422
Credit: AntDevCo
SMDC-ONE
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201423
Ka !! The ISARA Project (NASA)
• 100 Mbps communication in Ka
• 35 db antenna gain
• Unique “PopUp” Feed
Pariente - Nanosa...
Optical Communication ?
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201425
AeroCube-OCSD:
1.5U Optical communication
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201426
Proximity operations
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201427
Enabling Technologies:
ADCS
• New generation of ADCS products enables
• better performance
• Heritage:
– Magnetic determin...
Focus on ADCS
iADCS-100 from BST MAI-400 from MAI
Main sensor: STR
Main actuators: RW
Accuracy: <0.1 deg 3 sigma
Automatic...
Focus on Propulsion
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201430
Water Propulsion
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201431
Enabling Technologies:
PhoneSat
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201432
New Assembly scheme - Monarch
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201433
Is this a valid Business ?
•Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
•Feb 2014•34
2013 – The year it became a business !
Summary of 02/2014 SpaceWorks report
• Commercial companies will contribute over on...
Planet Labs
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201436
Flock-1 Launch 02/2014
28 satellites launched !!
Credit: NASA
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201437
NanoSatisfi – Satellites on Demand
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201438
Launch 11/2013
3 ArduSats in space, more will be launched this year
Credit: NASA
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overvie...
ADS-B
Yellow indicates
Ground based
ADS-B – No oceanic cover !!
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201440
Myths Vs. Facts
•Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
•Feb 2014•41
Myth: Nanosatellites are not reliable, Their success rate
is less than 50%
Fact: Success rate of Nanosatellite projects fo...
Are COTS Reliable enough ?
Excluding the three large launch campaigns in 2013-2014 the success rate is 80%
Pariente - Nano...
Myth: COTS are not reliable, They are the cause for failures
Fact: Components are very reliable, the problem is
workmanshi...
Most satellites are being built by amateurs
Attack of the CubeSats: A Statistical Look: Michael Swartwout – Saint Louis Un...
Myth: Nanosatellites that reach space last for several
months and than die
Fact: There are nanosatellites that launched mo...
• Satellites active since 2003
– Cute-1
– CubeSat XI-IV
– RS-22
• Satellites active since 2005
– Cubesat XI-V
• Satellites...
Future Trends
•Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
•Feb 2014•48
Nano/Micro satellite Future programs
Credit: SpaceWorks Nano/Microsatellite Market AssessmentPariente - Nanosatellite Indu...
Analysis per sector
Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
Feb 201450
2014 Market assessment conclusions
• The civil sector remains strong, but the
eruption of commercial companies and start-
...
• 4rd Generation is here !
– Since 2012 success rate is more than 90%
• Commercial companies will dominate the CubeSat mar...
What about EDU Projects ?
They just became smaller
Femto-sats
PocketQubes
WREN
By STADOKO UG
Pariente - Nanosatellite Indu...
Thank you
•Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry
Overview
•Feb 2014•54
Sources of Information
• 25 Years of Small Satellites
– Siegfried Janson – The Aerospace Corporation
• Attack of the CubeS...
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Nanosatellite industry overview updated 022014

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An updated overview of the Nanosatellite industry.
I will post an update every few months
This presentation includes a chapter called Myths vs Facts

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

Nanosatellite industry overview updated 022014

  1. 1. Nanosatellite Industry Overview February 2014 Update Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview
  2. 2. Content of the Presentation • Introduction • Trends and Hot Topics • Myths Vs. Facts Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20142
  3. 3. Cut to the Chase • COTS in LEO has proven to be eminently capable … yet end-users exhibit strong reluctance to use it. • Community has not learned the lesson of PC vs. Mac • Perfect is the enemy of Good Enough … If you aim for perfect in nanosats, you will miss the cost- effective solution • Like PCs, CubeSats are disposable (plan to 3-5 years missions) Andrew E. Kalman, President & CTO, Pumpkin, Inc. Director, SSDL, Stanford University, July 2012 Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20143
  4. 4. Introduction (1) • Satellites are categorized by their weight according to the following key: – Less than 1 kg: Pico satellite – Less than 10 kg: Nano satellite – Less than 100 kg: Micro satellite • Recently NASA AMES changed the scale – Less than 5kg: Pico satellite – Less than 50kg: Nano satellite – Less than 200 kg: Micro satellite Credit: NASA Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20144
  5. 5. Introduction (2) • Nanosatellite Market growing rapidly – Cubesats: Conception in 2000 – First missions launched in 2003 – 10-20 projects in 2004 – >300 projects ongoing now (estimate) – Since 2013, more than 70 launched per year – Projections indicate substantial growth in nano/microsatellite launches, with an estimated range more than 400 that will need launches globally in 2020 • Change of users from educational and institutional to application focused Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20145
  6. 6. Past Launches Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20146
  7. 7. CubeSatShop – The “AMAZON” of the Industry Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20147
  8. 8. Or like this Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20148
  9. 9. A satellite inside a satellite inside a satellite Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 20149
  10. 10. Trends and Hot Topics •Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview •Feb 2014•10
  11. 11. CubeSat Generations • 1st : Modern Sputniks • 2nd : Utility of the 3U is demonstrated • 3rd : More power, attitude control & determination, propulsion • 4th : Constellations are here ! • 5th : AI collaborative entities Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201411
  12. 12. Trends / Hot Topics • Earth Imaging/video • EDAC enabled OBC’s • >20Krad TID • ~80W Power systems • >5Mbps Comms • AIS/ADS-B • Propulsion (gas and plasma) • Constellations !! Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201412
  13. 13. Images taken by CubeSats Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201413
  14. 14. Livestream Video from Space 1U satellites, built by EXA (Ecuador Space Agency) Pegasus Krysaor Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201414
  15. 15. Enabling Technologies: Communication • Biggest bottleneck perceived – €/bit is metric to be optimized for effective systems • Current downlinks fairly slow • S-Band emerging for payloads – Up to 1-5 being deployed and used – Up to 22 Mbps offered by L-3 • Move to X-Band and beyond before 2015? • More powerful platform can support these higher data rate systems 22Mbps S-band transmitter 8 dBi S-band Patch antennaPariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201415
  16. 16. Transceivers for CubeSats Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201416
  17. 17. Using all kinds of Frequencies Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201417
  18. 18. X-band 50Mbps transmitter Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201418
  19. 19. Miniature Deployable High Gain Antenna - Boeing Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201419
  20. 20. Miniature Deployable High Gain Antenna - Boeing Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201420
  21. 21. Why deploy if you can…. Inflate ? Credit: MIT Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201421
  22. 22. Patch Antennas Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201422 Credit: AntDevCo
  23. 23. SMDC-ONE Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201423
  24. 24. Ka !! The ISARA Project (NASA) • 100 Mbps communication in Ka • 35 db antenna gain • Unique “PopUp” Feed Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201424
  25. 25. Optical Communication ? Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201425
  26. 26. AeroCube-OCSD: 1.5U Optical communication Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201426
  27. 27. Proximity operations Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201427
  28. 28. Enabling Technologies: ADCS • New generation of ADCS products enables • better performance • Heritage: – Magnetic determination & control • Now: – Magnetic, Star tracker determination – Earth horizon sensors, gyros also available – Magnetorquer, reaction wheels – Integrated ADCS packages incl CPU Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201428
  29. 29. Focus on ADCS iADCS-100 from BST MAI-400 from MAI Main sensor: STR Main actuators: RW Accuracy: <0.1 deg 3 sigma Automatic pointing: Yes Main sensor: ES+SS Main actuators: RW Accuracy: <0.1 deg 3 sigma Automatic pointing: Yes XACT from BCT Main sensor: STR Main actuators: RW Accuracy: <0.02 deg 3 sigma Automatic pointing: Yes Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201429
  30. 30. Focus on Propulsion Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201430
  31. 31. Water Propulsion Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201431
  32. 32. Enabling Technologies: PhoneSat Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201432
  33. 33. New Assembly scheme - Monarch Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201433
  34. 34. Is this a valid Business ? •Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview •Feb 2014•34
  35. 35. 2013 – The year it became a business ! Summary of 02/2014 SpaceWorks report • Commercial companies will contribute over one fourth of all nano/microsatellites launched in 2014 – This is a significant increase from 2013, where the commercial sector contributed only 11% – The continued emergence and growth of commercial companies (see table) will result in an even greater increase in 2015, with the sector contributing 60% of all nano/microsatellites launched • Many companies have publicly revealed their near-term intentions regarding future launches of nano/microsatellites and the satellites’ wide spectrum of revenue generating applications • Other companies have been more reserved, revealing only small details of their plans Precise quantities aside, strong evidence suggests the commercial sector will have a meaningful and enduring impact on the nano/microsatellite industry Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201435
  36. 36. Planet Labs Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201436
  37. 37. Flock-1 Launch 02/2014 28 satellites launched !! Credit: NASA Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201437
  38. 38. NanoSatisfi – Satellites on Demand Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201438
  39. 39. Launch 11/2013 3 ArduSats in space, more will be launched this year Credit: NASA Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201439
  40. 40. ADS-B Yellow indicates Ground based ADS-B – No oceanic cover !! Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201440
  41. 41. Myths Vs. Facts •Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview •Feb 2014•41
  42. 42. Myth: Nanosatellites are not reliable, Their success rate is less than 50% Fact: Success rate of Nanosatellite projects for the last five years is stable >80% • Nanosatellites Industry is complex, and incorporates industrial, research and academic institutes • Discussing “Nanosatellites Reliability” without taking into account who manufactured the satellites is like discussing “automobile reliability” while comparing BMW to TATA Myth #1: Nanosatellites Reliability Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201442
  43. 43. Are COTS Reliable enough ? Excluding the three large launch campaigns in 2013-2014 the success rate is 80% Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview 82% 91% 93% 99% 92% 95% 95% 99% 16.00 21.71 27.40 47.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 2003-2014 2007-2014 2009-2014 2013-2014 Overall Succes rate Success in Space #/year Feb 201443
  44. 44. Myth: COTS are not reliable, They are the cause for failures Fact: Components are very reliable, the problem is workmanship • Two thirds of the projects are done by amateurs with no experience in space standards AIT • Technical analysis presented @2011 small sat conference showed most failures are related to workmanship • Flagship schools build “real” missions that work (90% success) - • Components are getting better all the time – This is a competitive market with several leading manufacturers pushing for constant quality improvement of products Myth #2: Components Reliability Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201444
  45. 45. Most satellites are being built by amateurs Attack of the CubeSats: A Statistical Look: Michael Swartwout – Saint Louis University Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201445
  46. 46. Myth: Nanosatellites that reach space last for several months and than die Fact: There are nanosatellites that launched more than a decade ago and are still operational • COTS are now RAD tolerant up to 20 Krad • Computers are Latchup and SEU protected • Low cost allow redundancy – Several items in a satellite – Several satellites (mission redundancy) Myth #3: Nanosatellites don’t last long in space Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201446
  47. 47. • Satellites active since 2003 – Cute-1 – CubeSat XI-IV – RS-22 • Satellites active since 2005 – Cubesat XI-V • Satellites active since 2006 – GeneSat-1 • Satellites active since 2008 – Cute-1.7 + APD II – Delfi-C3 – SEEDS II • Satellites active since 2009 – PRISM – SwissCube – BEESAT – ITUpSAT1 Average mission lifetime > 40 months Mission Lifetime for Nanosatellites *source of data: Cubesat page at the AMSAT web pagePariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201447
  48. 48. Future Trends •Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview •Feb 2014•48
  49. 49. Nano/Micro satellite Future programs Credit: SpaceWorks Nano/Microsatellite Market AssessmentPariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201449
  50. 50. Analysis per sector Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201450
  51. 51. 2014 Market assessment conclusions • The civil sector remains strong, but the eruption of commercial companies and start- up activities will continue to influence the nano/microsatellite market; future launches suggest this trend will continue • Projections based on both announced and anticipated plans of developers indicate 2,000 – 2,750 nano/microsatellites will require a launch from 2014 through 2020 Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201451
  52. 52. • 4rd Generation is here ! – Since 2012 success rate is more than 90% • Commercial companies will dominate the CubeSat market – EDU project will decrease to 25% of the market • Workmanship is the main cause for failures – Communication system failures are often due to bad wiring and not transmitter or receiver failures – Power system failures mostly occur due to connection loss between solar panels and batteries • Quality of subsystem is constantly improving – Number of manufacturers is rising, especially in Europe – Economical constraints derived meticulous QA – Competitiveness in the market manifests in the form of better quality products • High-End customers require High-End products – Space QA is now part of the production line Summary Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201452
  53. 53. What about EDU Projects ? They just became smaller Femto-sats PocketQubes WREN By STADOKO UG Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201453
  54. 54. Thank you •Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview •Feb 2014•54
  55. 55. Sources of Information • 25 Years of Small Satellites – Siegfried Janson – The Aerospace Corporation • Attack of the CubeSats: A Statistical Look – Michael Swartwout – Saint Louis University • Recent CubeSat Launch Experiences on U.S. Launch Vehicles – Jordi Puig-Suari, Roland Coelho – California Polytechnic State University; Scott Williams, Victor Aguero, Kyle Leveque, Bryan Klofas – SRI International • Distant Horizons: Smallsat Evolution in the Mid-to-Far Term – Matt Bille, Paul Kolodziejski, Tom Hunsaker – Booz Allen Hamilton • Nine Years and Counting – A Nanosatellite Designer's Perspective – Andrew E. Kalman , President & CTO, Pumpkin, Inc. Director, SSDL, Stanford University • Propulsion Solutions for CubeSats – W. Dan Williams, Busek Co. Inc • Beyond CubeSats: Operational, Responsive, Nanosatellite Missions – Jeroen Rotteveel, ISIS- Innovative Solutions in Space • Reliability of University-Class Spacecraft: A Statistical Look – Prof Michael Swartwout – Saint Louis University, March 2012 • The Future of CubeSat Data Communications, 26 October 2012 – Bryan Klofas KF6ZEO, SRI International • Nano/Microsatellite Market Assessment, January 2014 – Mr. Dominic DePasquale , Director of Washington D.C. Operations, Dr. John Bradford, President, SpaceWorks Engineering Pariente - Nanosatellite Industry Overview Feb 201455

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