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Set Induction

 Set induction is also called anticipatory
set.
 Steps taken by a teacher to begin a
lesson or other clas...
Why Set Induction?

 To arrest or gain the attention of
the learners and prepare them into
a state of readiness.
 To mot...
Why Set Induction? (2)

 To establish a link between what
students had known before and
what is introduced, moving from o...
Ways to Good Set Induction
Attention Gaining Method
o Perform or do something
o Do nothing
o Start talking in low tone
o E...
Ways to Good Set Induction (2)
Interest Method
 Ask
perplexing
question:
For
example, if you are given N10,000000
how are...
Ways to Good Set Induction (3)

Putting the lesson in Context
 Ask questions to assess prior
knowledge/skills
 Review pr...
Ways to Good Set Induction (3)
Advance Organizers:
A cognitive strategy proposed by
Ausubel, allows the learner to recall ...
Closure
 Everything has a beginning and an end.
 Closure, is indispensable in teaching.
 Any lesson that is not closed ...
Kinds of Closure

Instructional closure: instructional closure
is reached when the lesson is completed and
the teacher sh...
Ways to Good Closure
Structure and making links
 Link to the instructional objectives
 Link to the advance organizers
 ...
Ways to Good Closure (3)
Follow up Resources
Provide information on relevant
resources that can be complementary
for the l...
Ways to Good Closure (2)
Reviewing and summarizing
Reviewing
Reiteration of key points, recapitulating
Revising or revie...
Ways to Good Closure (3)

Evaluate the lesson
 Ask questions to elucidate for
information on students’ learning gain.
 I...
Mudasiru Olalere Yusuf (PhD)

Department of Educational Technology,
University of Ilorin, Nigeria
E-mail: moyusuf@unilorin...
Thank
You
Microteaching set induction
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Microteaching set induction Slide 1 Microteaching set induction Slide 2 Microteaching set induction Slide 3 Microteaching set induction Slide 4 Microteaching set induction Slide 5 Microteaching set induction Slide 6 Microteaching set induction Slide 7 Microteaching set induction Slide 8 Microteaching set induction Slide 9 Microteaching set induction Slide 10 Microteaching set induction Slide 11 Microteaching set induction Slide 12 Microteaching set induction Slide 13 Microteaching set induction Slide 14 Microteaching set induction Slide 15 Microteaching set induction Slide 16
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Microteaching set induction

  1. 1. Set Induction  Set induction is also called anticipatory set.  Steps taken by a teacher to begin a lesson or other classroom activity.  To introduce topic and get students focused and interested in the days lesson.  When the learners are set, they are ready to learn.  It is about getting ready and induced into the right frame or mind-set to learn.  Concerned with the ways of introducing the teaching and learning process.
  2. 2. Why Set Induction?  To arrest or gain the attention of the learners and prepare them into a state of readiness.  To motivate the learners and get them interested in the lesson.  To get students focused or think on what is to be learned.  To suggest an approach of the lesson.
  3. 3. Why Set Induction? (2)  To establish a link between what students had known before and what is introduced, moving from old to new materials and linking of the two.  To establish a framework to assess the impact and effectiveness of a lessons  To give meaning to a new concept or principle, such as giving examples.
  4. 4. Ways to Good Set Induction Attention Gaining Method o Perform or do something o Do nothing o Start talking in low tone o Eyes focus on students with disruptive behaviour.
  5. 5. Ways to Good Set Induction (2) Interest Method  Ask perplexing question: For example, if you are given N10,000000 how are you going use it to establish an IT business?  Show specimens, samples or real objects,  Present a case study,  Show pictures,  Give demonstration
  6. 6. Ways to Good Set Induction (3) Putting the lesson in Context  Ask questions to assess prior knowledge/skills  Review previous lessons and link them to what is to be learnt in class  Give them learning objectives
  7. 7. Ways to Good Set Induction (3) Advance Organizers: A cognitive strategy proposed by Ausubel, allows the learner to recall and transfer prior knowledge to the new information being presented. Advance Organizers examples are:  A simple statement  A mind-map  A handout  A humble story or anecdote
  8. 8. Closure  Everything has a beginning and an end.  Closure, is indispensable in teaching.  Any lesson that is not closed does not have its full effects on the learners.  A teacher begins the lesson with set induction and ends with closure.  Closure is concerned with the ways of closing the teaching and learning process.
  9. 9. Kinds of Closure Instructional closure: instructional closure is reached when the lesson is completed and the teacher shows the link between past knowledge and the new knowledge. Cognitive closure: cognitive closure is reached when the students have reached closure and have made the link between old and new knowledge. Social Closure: social closure is the act of giving pupils a feeling of achievement after a lesson and encouraging them to continue to strive and make improvements.
  10. 10. Ways to Good Closure Structure and making links  Link to the instructional objectives  Link to the advance organizers  Links with familiar materials  Value of the lesson
  11. 11. Ways to Good Closure (3) Follow up Resources Provide information on relevant resources that can be complementary for the lesson:  Textual  Video  Audio  Multimedia
  12. 12. Ways to Good Closure (2) Reviewing and summarizing Reviewing Reiteration of key points, recapitulating Revising or reviewing the lesson Summarizing Teacher: The teacher summarises the major points and Students: Get the students to summarise the major points or concept.
  13. 13. Ways to Good Closure (3) Evaluate the lesson  Ask questions to elucidate for information on students’ learning gain.  Involve students in activities, e.g.  Use new concepts of ideas,  Dramatization.  Demonstrate newly acquired skills,  Express opinions about the value of what was done.  Give follow up assignments to assist students in “chaining” of contents.
  14. 14. Mudasiru Olalere Yusuf (PhD) Department of Educational Technology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria E-mail: moyusuf@unilorin.edu.ng; lereyusuf@yahoo.com; Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/mudasiruoy Twittter: @moyusuf Blog: http://wordpress.com/#!/my-blogs/ (2013) 15
  15. 15. Thank You
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