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IOT Networks

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Presented at NetNite - ISOC Lebanon
October 13th, 2016

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IOT Networks

  1. 1. The Data-Driven World of IoT October 13th, 2016 Marc Nader @mourcous
  2. 2. Agenda The Business Background The IOT Ecosystem The IOT Data Flow IOT Security Model Will not cover: Commercial IOT The programming framework
  3. 3. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 3 The Next Area of Growth
  4. 4. © Copyright 2015 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 4 Branches of IoT IoT Consumer IoT (Wearables, Cars, Smart homes, etc.) Industrial IoT (IIoT) Smart Gateways Wireless Sensor Networks Mesh (Zigbee,D ust, Wifi) LPWAN (LoRa, NB-IOT, Sigfox)
  5. 5. © Copyright 2015 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 5 Value Creation
  6. 6. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 6 The IOT Paradigm How do we get there? HOW?
  7. 7. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 6 The IOT Paradigm How do we get there? HOW?
  8. 8. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 6 The IOT Paradigm How do we get there? HOW?
  9. 9. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission IOT Data Flow Mapping the business case: waste management 7
  10. 10. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow
  11. 11. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Site
  12. 12. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Site
  13. 13. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Site
  14. 14. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Site
  15. 15. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Site
  16. 16. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Site Network
  17. 17. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Site Network
  18. 18. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Site Network
  19. 19. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Site Network
  20. 20. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Site Network
  21. 21. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Site Network Data Center/Cloud
  22. 22. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Site Network Data Center/Cloud
  23. 23. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Analyze Site Network Data Center/Cloud
  24. 24. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Analyze Action Site Network Data Center/Cloud
  25. 25. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Analyze Action Site Network Data Center/Cloud Big Data / Analytics / Application builders
  26. 26. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Analyze Action Site Network Data Center/Cloud Big Data / Analytics / Application builders
  27. 27. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 8 IOT Data Flow Capture Code Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Analyze Action Site Network Data Center/Cloud Big Data / Analytics / Application builders IoT Enabler
  28. 28. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission IOT Data Flow Within the Site 9 Part of Operation Technology (OT); Sensors with analog (0-10V) or digital electrical outputs; Powered by the IOT node or through an external source; The IOT node transforms the electrical signal into data packets; Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT),
 Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) Rugged design; Or Sensors can take form of any IP based protocol. Capture Code IoT nodes connect one or multiple sensors and translate an analog signal into packets. Sensors IoT nodes Transmit RAN Transport IP, MPLS, etc. Store Analyze Action
  29. 29. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 10 Low Power Wide Area (LPWAN) Powerusage Range >10km<10m WiFi Bluetooth BTLE ZigBee Z-Wave Dust NFC Satellite Cellular
  30. 30. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 10 Low Power Wide Area (LPWAN) Powerusage Range >10km<10m WiFi Bluetooth BTLE ZigBee Z-Wave Dust NFC Satellite Cellular LPWAN
  31. 31. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission IOT Data Flow Radio Access Network: Transmitting the M2M chatter 11 Collecting data from on a massive scale while preserving the sensor battery life is a challenge; Ferocious competition for the Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) technology dominance; The "LPWAR": lets look at the market alternatives in this area: Sigfox: Global IoT Operator. LoRa: Enable operators and enterprises to create IoT networks 3GPP: NB-IOT, LTE-M, NB-LTE & 5G: Natural evolution of mobile operators. Fixed & Short range Wifi + 3/4G/Fixed Zigbee + 3/4G/Fixed Capture Code Transmit Transport Sensors IoT nodes IoT Gateways IP Network Store Analyze Action
  32. 32. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 12 Sigfox Privately owned, French. Ultra narrow band 868Mhz - 100Hz (BPSK) 140 messages per unit per day. 1 every 10 minutes. 12 bytes per message 15 km, bi-directional. High battery life (Up to 20 years) Limited bandwidth applications City wide deployments, short message communications Shipping and very active Network as a service model. Cloud based. Technology Applications
  33. 33. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 13 LoRa LoRa Alliance, backed by Cisco, IBM,... Star of Stars topology, Encrypted protocol Wideband CDMA: 868Mhz - <500kHz 0.3kbps - 50kbps 15 km High battery life 3 Classes: A: similar to Sigfox. Receiver Initiated Transmission Strategy (RIT) B: scheduled downlink slot, intermittent device sleep. C: always on. Mains Powered. Just getting started. Open ecosystem. But one radio manufacturer: Semtech. City wide deployments with 2 way communications. Open for operators and private companies. Technology Applications 100+ Members
  34. 34. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 14 LoRaWAN Architecture Message Signing Payload encryption AES128
  35. 35. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 15 Narrow Band IOT - NB - IOT 3GPP, Huawei (Neul acquisition) LTE-M - 1.4Mhz (1Mbps/1Mbps) NB LTE-M - 200khz (200kbps/170kbps) One LTE cell can handle 150k LTE-M devices 10 years battery life (200 bytes daily update) Low cost terminal Leverage the LTE network with a software upgrade. LTE-M +15dB link budget (x7 coverage) NB LTE-M +20dB link budget (x10 coverage) Licensed spectrum 3GPP Rel. 13 NB-IOT Coming with LTE-A Pro (4.5G) Mobile operators become IoT operators with a software upgrade.. Technology Applications
  36. 36. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 16 Fixed & Short Range IoT Connections
  37. 37. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 17 Fixed or Short Range Wireless
  38. 38. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 18 WiFi / Zigbee / Dust + 3G/4G Local Aggregation of IOT nodes is done through: Wifi Zigbee / 802.15.4 / Dust / Z-Wave Site aggregation is done through 3G/4G or fixed Need external power source for the aggregation Higher throughput High throughput, sending voice/video Real Time or near-RT In home, in plant, on campus. Technology Applications
  39. 39. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission IOT Data Flow Transmitting the M2M chatter 19 Capture Code Transmit Transport Technology decision factor Sensors IoT nodes IoT Gateways IP Network Store Analyze Action
  40. 40. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 20 Evolutions of Apps Making Sense of Data
  41. 41. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 21 IoT Applications The three layered approach
  42. 42. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission IOT Data Flow Gathering, structuring and processing the data 22 Input from IOT Gateways (MQTT) Input from IOT Network Server (kafka) Any other input Data modeling and data set definitions Machine Learning, Analytics Data Science for IOT: making sense of massive data and give the machines the ability to take intelligent decisions. Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action Sensors IoT nodes IoT Gateways IP Network
  43. 43. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 23 The Challenge of Data in Motion Data at Rest Data in MotionVS Capture Analyse Action t1 t2 Capture Analyse Action rt, nrt
  44. 44. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 23 The Challenge of Data in Motion Data at Rest Data in MotionVS Capture Analyse Action t1 t2 Capture Analyse Action rt, nrt
  45. 45. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 23 The Challenge of Data in Motion Data at Rest Data in MotionVS Capture Analyse Action t1 t2 Capture Analyse Action rt, nrt
  46. 46. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 23 The Challenge of Data in Motion Data at Rest Data in MotionVS Capture Analyse Action t1 t2 Capture Analyse Action rt, nrt
  47. 47. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 24 Hardware/Software Platform Summary Long Range Short Range IoT Gateway Node & Sensor Node + Sensors Cellular Fixed IoT Network Platform Application #1 Application #2 Application #3
  48. 48. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 25 The IoT Services Framework
  49. 49. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 25 The IoT Services Framework Connectivity Management
  50. 50. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 25 The IoT Services Framework Connectivity Management Device Management
  51. 51. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 25 The IoT Services Framework Connectivity Management Device Management Data Management
  52. 52. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 25 The IoT Services Framework Connectivity Management Device Management Data Management S E C U R I T Y
  53. 53. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 25 The IoT Services Framework Connectivity Management Device Management Data Management S E C U R I T Y Application Enterprise Integration Cloud 2 Cloud
  54. 54. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Fog Computing Eliminating the unnecessary chatter on the radio 26 Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action
  55. 55. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Fog Computing Eliminating the unnecessary chatter on the radio 26 Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action Cloud Computing
  56. 56. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Fog Computing Eliminating the unnecessary chatter on the radio 26 Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action Cloud Computing Bringing some intelligence closer to the edge.
  57. 57. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Fog Computing Eliminating the unnecessary chatter on the radio 26 Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action Fog Computing Cloud Computing Preprocessing of data from sensors saves on transmissions costs. Bringing some intelligence closer to the edge. Computing on the IOT gateway (managing different nodes) " Decreased network chatter and cloud storage. " Linux IoT nodes, complex computing done local.
  58. 58. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Mist Computing Eliminating the unnecessary chatter on the radio 27 Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action Fog Cloud Computing Bringing some intelligence closer to the edge.
  59. 59. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Mist Computing Eliminating the unnecessary chatter on the radio 27 Capture Code Transmit Transport Store Analyze Action Fog Cloud Computing Bringing some intelligence closer to the edge. Mist Computing Computing on the IOT node (sensor or actuator) " Decreased latency " More autonomy
  60. 60. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 28 A Step In the Right Direction Interoperability efforts
  61. 61. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 29 Remember Stuxnet
  62. 62. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 30 The Security Paradigm
  63. 63. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 30 The Security Paradigm IOT Gateways (Linux, cheap chips)
  64. 64. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 30 The Security Paradigm IOT Gateways (Linux, cheap chips) How about security?
  65. 65. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 30 The Security Paradigm IOT Gateways (Linux, cheap chips) How about security?
  66. 66. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 31 The End of The Fortress Approach Once the hacker is in, Game Over! Intelligence is distributed and networks are intertwined. The Goal is not to keep out only. Detect, Isolate, Heal
  67. 67. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 32 Proposed IOT Security Framework Per device: Authentication: endpoints should be fingerprinted. Authorization: establishing the cross platform trust relationships. Network Enforced Policy: all elements that route and transport endpoint traffic securely over the infrastructure. Analytics: Data, generated by the IoT devices, is only valuable if the right analytics algorithms or other security intelligence processes are defined to identify the threat. Cisco Securing the Internet of Things: A proposed Frameworks. Google BeyondCorp
  68. 68. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission Back to our IoT application It's all about the business case 33 -40% Savings
  69. 69. © Copyright 2016 DATACONSULT All rights reserved. No part of this presentation in all its property may be used or reproduced in any form without a written permission 34 IOT Finally IOT Information Technology Operation Technology Business Outcome " Operation technology & Low Current " Radio Access " Networking " Data Integration, software " Data science System Integration
  70. 70. Thank you! Marc Nader mnader@dcgroup.com @mourcous

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