Hrtm automotive sector

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Document written by Sabri MOURD, PhD and engineer in Mechanical Sciences and specialist in innovation, R&D and Advanced Technologies. Dr. Mourad has also a master degree in Business Administration and another master degree in project management.
Dr. Sabri MOURAD is Technology Director at Albany International (technical textile specialist) and Associated Professor at the University of Haute Alsace and the Virtual University SVU. He teaches Master Students the management of innovation, the management of emerging technologies and the management of R&D.
This document describes the emerging technologies in automotive industry.
Document élaboré par Sabri Mourad, Docteur ingénieur en mécanique et spécialiste de l'innovation, de la recherche et développement et des technologies avancées. Dr. Mourad a également un master en administration des entreprises et un autre en management de projet.
Dr. Sabri MOURD est Directeur de Technologies à Albany International (spécialiste de textiles technique) et Professeur associés à l’Université de Haute Alsace et l’Université Virtuelle SVU. Il forme les étudiants niveau Master sur les Techniques de l’innovation et de la gestion des technologies avancées.
Ce document décrit les technologies nouvelles dans le domaine de l’industrie automobile.

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Hrtm automotive sector

  1. 1. ‫تا‬ ‫إدارة ا‬ Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad ‫و د‬ ‫ا ز‬High & EmergingTechs MgtByDr. Sabri MOURADmourasab@yahoo.frLecture 7
  2. 2. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorAutomotive sector, some general informationAutomotive sector (car industry) is one of the major economical sectors in theworld:-15% of global production- 806 million cars and light trucks on the road in 2007- 73 millions units produced in 2007 and 61 millions in 2009- In 2009 China becomes the major manufacturer of cars and light trucks (14million units), followed by Japan (8 million units) and then USA (5,7 million units)and Germany (5,2 million units)- Major producers in the world in 2009: Toyota (7 millions), GM (6,5 million)And Volkswagen ( 6 million)- In Syria this industry still a very young one
  3. 3. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorAutomotive sector, Future trends-Light material- Hybrid and electrical cars- Sensors and Telematics- New tools to design and manufacture cars
  4. 4. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorLight material in automotive industry80% of the fuel consumption in a car is lost mainly in the engine’s heat andexhaustOf the resulting force 95% is spent on moving the car and only 5% is spent onmoving the driver1% of fuel consumed is actually used in moving the passengers (1 cent for everydollar that one spends on petrol)- 10% decreases in weight improves the consumption by 6% to 8%- 1 kg less of the car weight decreases CO2 emissions by 17-20 kg- Improve the possibility of making efficient electrical and hybrid cars
  5. 5. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sector Light material in automotive industry Case study-compact car - Vehicle total weight: 1160 kg - 10% lightening ~ 100 kg - Reduced fuel consumption 0.3 l/100 km - Life time: 150 000 km - Life time fuel consumption minimization: 450 l450 l fuel saving in car life time Total passenger car production in Europe ~ 17 Mio. /yearThis represents 700 € per car Fuel saving: 7.7 M m 3 or 220 000 petrol lorries/year
  6. 6. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sector BMW 7erA350-900 XWB Share of materials (%)Share of materials (%) Other Other Plastic, textiles Light alloys Composites Light alloys Steel Steel Ref: Airbus Deutschland GMBH Ref: BMW group
  7. 7. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorHybrid and electrical carsMajor technologies:-Fuel cells (still in development and not easy to make on industrial stagedue to the need of Liquid Hydrogen)- Liquid gas cars: This is already in the market but needs specialchanges in engines- hybrid cars: The most known is Prius from Toyota- Electrical cars: Many models will be commercialized in 2011 due toimportant progress on batteries manufacturing- Organic based fuels: already in the market
  8. 8. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorMajor advantages of Fuel cells and electrical cars-No or low noise because there is no engine- high efficiency because these cars uses electrical engines which arevery efficient engines compared to thermal ones- Alternative source of energy while they use Hydrogen or electricitywhich could be produced by other sources than oil- The se new technologies allows to redesign the cars to adapt them tothese new technology (example the driving wheel)- However Fuel cell cars have a major problem which is the availabilityof Hydrogen.
  9. 9. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorTechnologies of sensors and telematics- Telemeatics is all the systems of communication and exchange of datato improve the safety of the driver.-This area has an intense research activities to introduce electronicassistance to drivers and make smart cars. The most importantresearch areas are: - Ability of night vision - Systems of observation of the environment around the car - Smart control systems of the car and the driving system - Services of exchange of information
  10. 10. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorPractical applications of vehicle telematicsVehicle tracking: monitoring the location, movements, status and behaviour of avehicle or fleet of vehicles. This is achieved through a combination of a GPS andSMS sender installed in each vehicle.Cold store Cold store freight trailers that are used to deliver fresh or frozen foodsare increasingly incorporating telematics to gather data on the temperature insidethe cargo containerFleet management is the management of a companys vehicle fleet. Fleetmanagement includes the management of ships and or motor vehicles such ascars, vans and trucks.Satellite navigation Satellite navigation in the context of vehicle telematics is thetechnology of using a GPS and electronic mapping tool to enable the driverof a vehicle to locate a position, plan a route and navigate a journey.
  11. 11. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorPractical applications of vehicle telematics Wireless vehicle safety communications telematics aid in car safety and roadsafety. It is an electronic sub-system in a car for the purpose of exchanging safetyinformation, about such things as road hazards and the locations and speeds ofvehicles.Emergency warning system for vehicles Telematics technologies aredeveloped for application in the development of intelligent vehicles. By use oftelematics as applied to intelligent vehicle technologies, instantaneous directiontravel cognizance of a vehicle may be transmitted in real-time to surroundingvehicles traveling in the local area of vehicles equipped to receive said warningsignals of danger.Auto insurance The basic idea of telematic auto insurance is that a driversbehavior is monitored directly while the person drives and this information istransmitted to an insurance company.
  12. 12. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorNew tools to design and manufacture cars- The importance of recycling the cars needs the development of newdesign techniques t ensure the easy recycling operation.- New design and manufacturing technologies are needed to improvethe efficiency of cars and the fuel consumption of cars- These new tools allow to design smaller and lighter cars- They allow also the increase of automation and electronic content incars- Increase the use of robots and lasers on assembly lines
  13. 13. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Automotive sectorNew tools to design and manufacture cars- Improve the use of nano technologies in paint- Improve the technology of rapid manufacturing- Create new assembly methods for complex materials- Create new materials and alloys and mainly environment friendly- Develop new software to simulate the vehicle behavior and assemblymethods
  14. 14. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorMetal and minerals sector, some general informationThis sector includes all activities related to the manufacturing and transformationof metals. It includes 8 sectors:-Basic metals like Steel, Cupper, etc- Iron metals- Expensive metals like gold, silver, etc- Secondary metals like Indium- Metals dedicated for energy like carbon- Construction metals like cement and armed cement- High value minerals like diamond- Transformation industry
  15. 15. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorMetal and minerals sector, main trends- Alloys technology- Light metals technology- Metals Recycling technology- Nano technology and ceramics- Advanced ceramics technologies
  16. 16. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorAlloys technology, main trendsAlloys can be defined as the process of integration of metals in order to mix theproperties of the used metals and create new materials.Two methods to make alloys:- Mix of several metals which still independent: stainless steel is a mix of Iron Fe andCr and Ni-Mix of materials which creates new chemicals components : NI3 Al-Alloys are used extensively in different industries like Aerospace, cars,chemicals
  17. 17. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorLight metals technology, main trends- Extracting and manufacturing light materials is very expensive and mainly Titanium-The target is to develop light and very strong metals- The light alloys could be used in the following areas Automotive Aerospace Metals & Minerals Agro Processing ICT
  18. 18. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorMetals Recycling technology, main trends-There is a lot of efforts to decrease the wastes in the industry- Globally, metals are over 90% recycled today in the world- Some wastes like glass, are used in building or in road building operations- There is more and more technologies developed to improve the separation ofwasted and recycling operations- It is forbidden in some countries to not treat the industrial wastes.
  19. 19. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorNano technology and ceramics, main trends- Huge R&D investments in US, UE and Japan- Nano technologies in ceramics is related to the use of nano powder in thepreparation of ceramics or paints.- Many applications in painting operations (TiO2 and ZnO) to reinforce the surface- Development of self Heating paints- New generation of paints for car with 50% of nano particles- Other applications of nanotechnologies are used in pharmaceutical applications andmainly beauty dedicated productsNano technologies in ceramics allows-Reduce cots - Increase quality- Reduce the consumption of raw material
  20. 20. Tous droits réservés à Dr. Sabri Mourad All rights reserved to Dr. Sabri Mourad Technologies in Metals and minerals sectorAdvanced ceramics technologies, main trends- A major technology to reduce the consumption of raw material and energy- Advanced ceramics could be used to replace metals (extremely hard materials)- It is also possible to develop advanced ceramics able to have high conductivity- Advanced ceramics are more and more used in MEMS- Advanced ceramics could be also used in military applications for protection- Advanced ceramics is intensively used in dental field and surgery

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