High & EmergingTechs MgtByDr. Sabri MOURADmourasab@yahoo.frFuture of enterprise organization
Steps needed to integrate HRTMToday we have tens of new technologies appearing each day, hundreds of newproducts made by hundreds of global competitors. The challenge is to integratenew technologies to create the difference is the key.EntrepriseHumanresourcesTechnicalresourcesKnowledgeOrganizationSuppliersIncludingsuppliers ofHRTMFinancialresourcesCustomers
Steps needed to integrate HRTMTo pass from current technologies to integrate HRTM, companies need to workon 5 organizational axes:-Simultaneous engineering- Integration of human and technical resources to improve the outputs of humanresources- Integrate new tools of knowledge management and real time Data treatment- Continuous restructuring of companies- Accelerate innovation process and focus on miniaturization of products
Integration of human and technical resources toimprove the outputs of human resourcesIn the past:The life time of technologies was very long = enough time to teach peopleToday:Technologies appears and disappears very rapidly = there is no real time tolearn people = human resources must be able to identify, understand and usethe new technologies very rapidly.The speed of integration of new technologies by human resources is the keydifferentiation between companies
Integration of human and technical resources toimprove the outputs of human resourcesIn the past:Projects were evaluated on the cost and the time needed to achieve themToday:Projects are also evaluated on their capacities of integrating new technologieswhich provided new differentiation, reduce costs and answer the new attempts ofcustomers.
Integration of human and technical resources toimprove the outputs of human resourcesFactors to push the integration of Human and technical resources in a worldwhere Customers have several and changing requirements =- Human resources must be able to detect these needs and be flexible to answerthem-The structure of the enterprise (technical resources, production, suppliers, …)must be flexible to answer these changing attempts (enterprise culture)- New products needs new technologies and Human resources must be able tolearn them rapidly- New technologies means new organization and companies has to restructuresthemselves continuously- To success these changes, employees must be motivated and mustunderstand their place inside the company
Integration of human and technical resources toimprove the outputs of human resourcesWhat is needed to change the culture of human resources?- Continuous learning to human resources-Provide people with needed information on real time and for the total supplychain stages (market study, production, customer …)- Allow people to cooperate with less administrative constraints- Allow people to simulate alternative decisions for unknown situations- Allow people to adapt products and organizations to answer the attempts ofcustomers- Focus people on high added value costs and achieve low cost actions usingrobots.- create the needed systems to facilitate the cooperation between employeesand equipments.
Integration of human and technical resources toimprove the outputs of human resourcesWhat are the new technologies needed to achieve the change of the culture ofhuman resources?1- Transformation of data into useful knowledge: New technologies will be ableto collect the information and data and then treat them and create usefulsynthesis to employees (ex: semantic software, automatic survey)2- Standardization of data exchange protocols: This will simplify thecommunication between people and machines (Bluetooth ..)3- Improve the technology transfer to accelerate the spreading and theintegration of technologies in companies (technology centers)4- New teaching methods: new methods with simplified practical knowledge
Integration of human and technical resources toimprove the outputs of human resourcesWhat are the new technologies needed to achieve the change of the culture ofhuman resources?5- Increase the market listening and integrate different functions in thedevelopment process: this allows to have rapidly many contributions tounderstand the needs of customers (ex: production employees and future usersare integrated in the development team)6- Simplify the customization and the change of products: New technologies willbe flexible enough to change rapidly the production (ex: robots with handlearning)7- Introduce collaboration tools in the development of software: this allows tohave many and rapid contributions (ex: Firefox)
Integrate new tools of knowledge managementand real time Data treatmentThe future will be characterized by a very strong distribution of production andmarket structures (globalization of producers and globalization of markets) Vital need to collect information/Data and to coordinate resources knowledgemanagement tools are extremely needed to keep people connected efficientlyThis challenge is also encouraged by the stress to decrease the time to marketof new products and to make new products.Thus what are the tools to transform Data to knowledge?
Integrate new tools of knowledge managementand real time Data treatment1- Improve the learning technologies to allow people to transform the data intoknowledge (practical examples, step by step learning, learning software, etc)2- Increase web cooperation instead of face to face cooperation (webconferences, web control, work at home, Telepresence …)3- Improve translation capacities and introduce real time translation capacities toimprove communication between people4- Improve data filtration systems to eliminate automatically the garbage dataand to focus on useful data (anti spam systems, semantic search)5- Increase the data security: data will become the most important asset ofcompanies6- Reinforce artificial intelligence and automatic decision systems (Automaticrating systems for loans)7- Increase the roles of sensors to control machines: sensors are the bestway to increase the safety and the reliability of machines (ex: vision controlsystems)
Continuous restructuring of companiesThe rapid change of products and the introduction of new technologies need thecontinuous transformation of companies to keep them efficient Newcharacteristics of modern companies:1- Focus on flexible collaboration systems inside the company2- Focus on the market opportunities instead of keeping the current situation3- Sharing information and technologies with competitors4- Clarify the intellectual properties issues between partners5- Create fair systems to share the fruits of collaboration with partners6- Focus on the added value delivered by products (price will depend on it)7- Simplify the supply chain management8- Include the delivered value in all business stages
Accelerate innovation process and focus onminiaturization of productsThe major motor of the economy in the last three decades was based on ICTtechnologies.The future will be more affected by the nano technologies and the small scaletechnologies which will save certainly a lot of energy and resources.The high number of technologies, will lead to a complete reshape of the futurewith extremely high number of innovations focused on the simplification (moresimple outside and extremely complex inside). The major trends due to theseinnovations:-Decrease the use of capital due to simplification of production process and thecreation of one machine able to do many operations (ex: tooling machines)- Increasing possibility of customization due to the flexibility of machines (3Dprinters and laser printing)- New technologies will allow to create new material and to develop newassembly process
Accelerate innovation process and focus onminiaturization of productsThe major areas where the development will occur in the coming years arenanotechnologies and biotechnologies:-Nano technologies: this low scale technology will allow to:-Create new nano machines able to work in very small scales- create new material and reinforcement to enhance the current material-Bio technology: these technologies have low wastes and can impact the life ofhuman beings. This will impact all areas in the agriculture, the health sector,pharmaceutical sector, etc