The 1928 Summer Olympics,officially known as the Gamesof the IX Olympiad, wasan international multi-sportevent which was celebrated in1928 in Amsterdam. Amsterdam had bid for the1920 and 1924 OlympicGames, but had to give way towar-victim Antwerp, Belgium,and Pierre deCoubertins Paris, respectively.The only other candidate cityfor the 1928 Games was LosAngeles, which would hostthOlympics four years later.
For the first time, the Olympic Flame was lit during theOlympics. The torch relay, however, would not occur until the1936 Summer Olympics.For the first time, the parade of nations started with Greece,which holds the origins of the Olympics, and ended with thehost country, a tradition which continues today.Johnny Weissmuller, won two gold medals in swimming.Paavo Nurmi of Finland won his ninth and final gold medal, inthe 10,000 m race.Canadas Percy Williams surprised everyone by winning boththe 100 m and 200 m sprint events.
South American football made a definitebreakthrough, as Uruguay retained its title bydefeating Argentina.India took its first ever gold in the sport of fieldhockey, beginning a streak of six consecutive goldmedals in the sport.The captain of Japan team, Mikio Oda won the triplejump event with a result of 15.21 meters. He is thefirst gold medalist from Asian countries.Germany returned to the Olympic Games for the firsttime since 1912, after being banned from the 1920and 1924 Games. The German team finished secondin the 1928 medal count.Helena Nordheim, Anna Dresden-Polak and JudSimons won gold medals. They were later killed atthe Sobibor extermination camp in German-occupiedPoland as part of the Holocaust, where their coachGerrit Kleerekoper was also killed.
Paavo Johannes Nurmi 13 June 1897 – 2October 1973 was a Finnish middle and longdistance runner. He was nicknamed as the"Flying Finn" as he dominated distance runningin the early 20th century. Nurmi set 22 officialworld records at distances between 1,500metres and 20 kilometres, and won a total ofnine gold and three silver medals in his twelveevents in the Olympic Games. At his peak,Nurmi was undefeated at distances from 800 mupwards for 121 races. Throughout his 14-yearcareer, he remained unbeaten in cross countryevents and the 10,000 m.
During the Summer Olympics, there were 16 sports and 109events in the tournament. In parentheses is the number ofevents per sport.The sports of these Olimpics Games are:Athletics Boxing Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Football Gymnastics Field hockey Modern pentathlon Rowing SailingSwimming Water polo Weightlifting Wrestling.Womens athletics and gymnastics debuted at these Olympics,in spite of criticism. Halina Konopacka of Poland became thefirst female Olympic track and field champion. The 800 meterrun ended with several of the competitors being completelyexhausted, so running events for women longer than 200meters were not included in the Olympics until the 1960s.Tennis disappeared from the program, only to reappear in 1968as a demonstration sport.
A total of 46 nations wererepresented at the AmsterdamGames. Malta, Panama,and Zimbabwe competed at theOlympic Games for the firsttime. Germany returned after havingbeen banned in 1920 and 1924
Argentina(81) Australia (18) Austria (73) Belgium(186) Bulgaria (5) Canada (69) Chile (38) Cuba (1)Czechoslovakia(70) Denmark (91) Egypt (32) Estonia (20) Finland (69) France (255) Germany(296) Great Britain(232)
Greece (23) Haiti (2) Hungary (109) India (21) Ireland (27) Italy (174) Japan (43) Latvia (14) Lithuania (12) Luxembourg (46) Malta (9) Mexico (30) Monaco (7)Netherlands (264) (Host nation) New Zealand (10) Norway (52)
Panama (1) Philippines(4) Poland (93) Portugal (31) Rhodesia (2) Romania (29) South Africa(24) Spain (80) Sweden(100) Switzerland(133) Turkey (31)United States (280) Uruguay (22) Yugoslavia(34)
The country with most medals was the United Stateswith 22 golds, 18 silvers and 16 bronzes for a total of56 medals, 25 medals more than Germany which wasthe second in ranquink while that Spain onlyharvested a gold medal at the games was in hipic
Spain was represented at the Olympic Games inAmsterdam 1928 by a delegation of 85 athletes (allmale) who participated in 9 sports. The bearer of theflag in the opening ceremony was the athlete DiegoOrdóñez.
JESÚS GONZÁLEZ ALBO