A book is a technologyFormats change over time - stone tablets, papyrus, vellum scrolls, Gutenberg printing pressToday we have hard cover, soft cover, talking books on audiocassette, audio CD, mp3Formats coexisted for years and was a matter of choiceThe change from print book to e-book seems to be as disruptive as the change from hand written books to moveable type.
Is a book defined primarily by its container or its content? Or both?What matters more, form or content?Do you prefer a specific type of container? A book is long form writingUsing a font size of 12 points, at 25 lines per page, and about 10 words per lineTypical book is 80,000-100,000 words in lengthThat’s 320-400 pages in a typical sized book160 pages = 40,000 words500 pages = 125,000 wordsShort form writing digitized firstJournal articles began being digitized 15-20 years ago. They are short, easy to read on the computer screen, inexpensive to printStarted with current issues forward, later digitized back files.Read on equipment already had access to - computer screen through web browser or Adobe Reader
Is an e-book a real book?You can read e-books on your computer, a dedicated e-reader, a tablet PC, a smart phoneWhy do you suppose digitizing books led to dedicated e-reader devices? Is it a length issue?Leisure reading vs. work reading?
1998Rocketbook 4 MB or 4,000 pages would hold about 10 booksWeighed a little more than a poundCost $600Did not offer wireless downloads
Amazon’s Kindle Fire is a tablet version of the Kindle, $199Kindle Touch, $99 or $149, E Ink with touch screenSo with all of these options, how do you choose what is best for you?
We have lots of choices today!It is easy to be swayed by techno-lust!Do you want or needs lots of separate devices or one device that does it all?
What do sales figures tell us about e-reader popularity?More men own tabletsMore women own e-readersIt’s all about functionality and price pointTablets will catch up with and probably out pace e-readers – as of August increased from 8 to 10%
If you have a smart phone, desktop or laptop – you already have an e-reader
4 positively charged white pigments. 5 negatively charged black pigments. 6 transparent oil.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_ink
Which is better for reading outside in the sunlight? At night in the dark?Customer images uploaded at the Amazon Kindle store
Single function devices do one thing and do it wellMulti-function devices do many things, maybe not as good for reading booksDo you only want to read text? Dedicated e-readerhttp://www.notebooks.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/ereaders-500x312.jpgOr do you also want to read your email, access the Internet, play games, etc?Tablet pc or smart phonehttp://touchscreenphoness.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Tablet-Pc-Apple.jpgBook readers tend to own e-readersMagazine and newspaper readers tend to own tablets
The half pound Kindle is lighter than a 500-page hard cover bookNook color weighs about 1 pound (bigger battery)iPads weigh about 1.5 poundsE-readers are typically smaller than tablets, 7 inches vs. 10 inchesSmart phones are even smallerKindle batteries can last one month or longer without charging – as long as wireless is turned offColor devices have shorter battery durationE-readers cost between $79-189Color Nook costs $250, Amazon Fire $199Tablet PCs cost around $500
We will see e-readerprices continue to fall – the ongoing revenue is in the e-books not the devicesLike razors – handles are cheap, the profit is in the bladesAmazon considers the Kindle to be a SERVICE not a PRODUCT
E-books have been around a lot longer than e-readers1971, Project GutenbergEncyclopedias were very popular on CD-ROM in the 1990s – now these are online databasesReference books were easy to provide as searchable databases – not reading cover to cover, just want a small portion of the whole
From their inception, e-books have always been readable through a computerFirst through a CD-ROM and later with a web browserBut not easily portable until late 1990s and late 2000s
Kindle & AmazonNook & Barnes & NobleSony Reader & SonyiPad & AppleFile formats vary by deviceLots of places to find free e-booksOverdrive e-books can be downloaded to Nook, Sony, iPad, or Kindle e-readersEbrary whole books can be downloaded to all devices except Kindle; chapters can be downloaded to all devices (pdf)
Print books – Copyright protects owner’s right to print, copy, distribute, adapt the work, profit– Fair use allows teachers to use portions of works in instructional settings without violating copyright – most often this is about copying and distributing portions of works– Once you buy a print book you can do almost anything with it you wish (right of first sale)– Lend it, copy it, write in it, gift it, sell it, donate it, destroy itE-books are licensed– In most cases, you lease access to but do not own the e-book– Do not have right of first sale – in most cases cannot lend, cannot copy, sell, or donate it– Digital Rights Management is the copyright holders attempt to prevent illegal use of their content (music industry has given up on DRM for the most part)– Contract law trumps copyright law
Currently GDL and Flint Public offer Overdrive e-books that can be downloaded to personal e-readersYou can check out the book for 2-3 weeks just like a print book. Not sure if ebook disappears from your device or the access just turns off when due date arrives.One user per title unless buy multiple copies – just like print books.Mott Library offers ebrary (28,000 titles) nonfiction academic titles –download whole book for 2 weeks (all devices except Kindle)Download portion/chapter of book indefinitely in pdf format (all devices including Kindle)Getting library e-books onto your personal e-reader has more steps than buying a e-book from Amazon or B&N
View all of these with web browser on a computer, tablet, smartphone
Quickly changing technology – need to keep upKindles – top 25 classic novels, CTL reading circle books, top 5 bestsellers added every semester
Lower pricesDevices become ubiquitousLike razors – handles are cheap, the profit is in the blades
Research on these is in its infancy, we may not know for years
E-Books & E-Readers @ Your Library
e-books and e-readers @ your library January 11, 2012
e-books and e-readers • What is a book? • History and characteristics of e-readers • History of e-books • Finding e-books • What’s next for – Librarians – Consumers – Educators
What is a book? A book is a technology… formats change and coexist
What is a book? • Container – Physical format – Electronic format • Content – Ideas, essays, poetry, stories – Illustrations • Length – 80,000 words = 320 pages – 100,000 words = 400 pages
History of hand held e-readers What year was the first hand held e-reader made available?
History of hand held e-readers 1998 The first e-book readers available on the consumer market, the Rocket ebook and the SoftBook. 2006 Sony Reader with E Ink available on the consumer market. 2007 Amazon launched the Kindle using E Ink technology. 2009 Amazon released the Kindle 2 and Barnes & Noble releases the original Nook. 2010 Apple released the iPad in April 2010. It includes an e-book app called iBooks. 2010 Amazon released Kindle 3 in wi-fi and 3G versions. 2010 Barnes & Noble released the NOOKcolor. 2011 In July 2011, the iriver Story HD was released, the first e-reader to completely integrate with Google eBooks. 2011 November, Amazon released Kindle Fire (color tablet) and Kindle Touch (E Ink touch screen); B&N Nook Tablet
Which e-reader is best for me? • Do your research Top Ten Reviews eBook Reader comparisons
Which e-reader is best for me? http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/E-readers-and-tablets/Report.aspx
Which e-reader is best for me? http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/E-readers-and-tablets/Report.aspx
Which e-reader is best for me? E Ink Color • Easier to read • Light emitting • Mimics ink on paper • Great for images • Crisp text • Eye fatigue • Can read in full • Washes out in sunlight sunlight • Can read in the dark
Which e-reader is best for me? • Where do you plan to read your e-books?
Which e-reader is best for me? • Single-function device vs. multi-function device
Which e-reader is best for me? • Weight, size, portability • Battery duration • Price
Which e-reader is best for me? E-Reader with E Ink Color E-Reader or Tablet PC • Reading books, text • Reading • Single purpose device magazines, Internet use, apps • Read in bright light • Multi-function device • Easy on the eyes • Can read in the dark • Half pound • Emits light, eye fatigue • 6-7 inch screen • 1 to 1.5 pounds • Battery duration between charges up to one month • 7-10 inch screens • $79-$199 • Battery duration of one day or so depending on use • $199-$500
History of e-books What year was the first e-book made available?
History of e-books 1971 Michael S. Hart launched Project Gutenberg, the oldest digital library. Most of the items in its collection are the full texts of public domain books. 1985 Robert Stein starts Voyager Company Expanded Books and books on CD-ROM. 1993 Digital Book, Inc. offers the first 50 digital books in floppy disk with Digital Book Format (DBF). 1996 Project Gutenberg reaches 1,000 e-books. 2000 Stephen King offers his book "Riding the Bullet" in digital file; it can only be read on a computer. 2010 As of November 2010, Project Gutenberg claimed over 34,000 items in its collection. 2011 Amazon claims to have over 1 million e-books 2011 Barnes & Nobles claims to have over 2 million e-books
How do I get e-books onto my e-reader? • Consumer purchased e-books: – Buy e-books from the provider associated with your e-reader – Download through wifi or 3G – Download free e-books from Project Gutenberg • Library purchased e-books: – Buy from traditional library vendors – Majority of library e-books are read through a web browser – Downloaded e-books - Overdrive and Ebrary
How are e-books different from print? Print books E-books • Copyright law • Contract law • Fair Use • Licensing • Right of first sale • DRM
What e-books does the library offer? http://extras.mnginteractive.com/live/media/site234/2011/0426/20110426__webtoon424ebook.jpg
What e-books does the library offer? • ebrary College Collection – 28,000 + titles – Subscription database, new content added continuously – Simultaneous use – Download chapter or whole book for up to 2 weeks • Netlibrary, now EBSCOhost eBook Collection – 13,000 titles, 2007 and earlier – Own in perpetuity – One user at a time • Gale e-Reference – Encyclopedias, handbooks, manuals – Own in perpetuity – Simultaneous use
What’s next? For Mott Librarians • Monitor trends • Learn how to use new devices so we can teach others • Need to balance and adjust purchasing patterns, % print and % electronic • Survey users, January-February 2012 • Lending preloaded Kindles, Summer 2012
What’s next? For Consumers • Choice of format • Access • Digital rights • ADA compliance • Privacy
What’s next? For Educators • What are the differences between reading on screen vs. paper? • Does reading on screen rewire how our brain functions and the way we learn, create, and share knowledge? • How has the mobile, social, 24x7 environment impacted students’ attention spans and ways of learning? – Continuous partial attention – Info-snacking – Alone together • Pew presentation at Educause 2011: As Learning Goes Mobile, http://pewinternet.org/Presentations/2011/Oct/Educase-2011.aspx
Learn more • LibGuide on E-Books and E-Readers