HEOMD and Code T Perspectives @ ARCtek Eugene L. Tu Director for Exploration Technology NASA Ames Research Center Jan. 18, 2012
Human Exploration & Operations Mission Directorate Organizational StructurePublic Aﬀairs/Communica8ons Chief Technologist Legisla8ve Aﬀairs Chief Scien8st Human Explora-on & Opera-ons Mission Chief Engineer Int’l/Interagency Rela8ons Directorate Safety & Mission Assurance General Counsel Chief Health & Medical Oﬃcer Strategic Analysis & Mission Support Resources Management Space Comm & Launch Integra8on Services Naviga8on Services • HR • Architecture studies and • E & PO analysis • IT • Mission analysis • Management • Risk and requirements processes & coordina8on internal controls Space Explora8on Human ISS Commercial Advanced Space Life & ShuUle Systems Spaceﬂight Spaceﬂight Explora8on Physical Development • System O&M Capabili8es • Crew & Cargo Development Systems Sciences • MPCV Transporta8on Research & • Core Capabili8es • Commercial • AES • SLS (MAF, MOD, SFCO, Services Crew • Robo8c Applica8ons • GSDO EVA) • COTS precursor • RPT measurements • HRP, CHS • Fund. Space Bio • Physical Sciences For NASA Internal Use Only – Pre-Decisional ISS Nat’l Lab Mgt. 2
Common Capabili8es Iden8ﬁed for Explora8on Capability Driven Human Space Exploration Capability Driven Architecture Elements (Building Blocks) c Ground Commercial MPCV Robo-c SEV EVA CPS DSH Des-na-on Advanced Mission Opera-ons Cargo/Crew SLS Systems Systems Systems Propulsion Opera-ons Small Payload Robo-c Free Satellite Standardized Cross Cutting Systems Modular Light Weight Long-‐Life Suit Port Logis-cs to Prop. Mgt Power Radia-on Comm/ Return Flyer Servicing Energy Storage ECLSS Solar ISRU Universal Living and Module Protec-on Nav inspec-on Robot Arrays Docking Storage System Personal Space Prop from Asteroid Self-‐ Thermo-‐electric Modeling Mobility Robo-c EP EVA Suit EVA Suit Autonomous Surface Stairs / Waste Anchoring Tools Healing Genera-on and System Assistant Thrusters Exoskeleton Ops Ramp System Gasses Systems Simula-on Technologies, Research, and Science OCT Cross Cutting Technology Developments Human Exploration Specific Research (such as ECLSS, EVA) Human Exploration Specific Technologies 3 HEO and SMD Cross Cutting Research & Science
Proposed Top-‐Level Figures of Merit • Probability of Loss of Mission • Determine the degree to which the technology op8ons ensure reliability for all mission phases • Eﬀec4veness and Performance • Determine the degree to which the technology op8ons eﬀec8vely meet mission needs and improve mission performance • Extensibility to Other Missions • Determine the degree to which the technology op8ons could be used for other missions or customers • Programma4c Risk • Determine the degree to which technology op8ons aﬀect programma8c cost and schedule risks • Aﬀordability and Life Cycle Cost • Determine the degree to which the technology op8ons reduce technology/system development and recurring costs
Explora8on Technology Directorate TOTAL WORKFORCE: 670 (~280 FTE & ~390 WYE); 50 Projects (~$140M) All Mission Directorates, SCAP, and NESC R&T Development and Applications; Largest ARCJET Complex; Fastest Supercomputers Intelligent Systems Human Systems Entry Systems NASA Advanced Integration and Technology SupercomputingH Mission Operation Tools Information Systems MPCV Heatshield Engineering Risk AssessmentEO Habitat ISHM Human Performance ARCJET Testing SLS Flame Trench AnalysisM Intelligent Ground Ops Launch Vibration Analysis Aerothermal Analysis Launch/Ascent CFD ModelingD Exploration Telerobotics Human-Robotic Ops Entry Systems New High-Fidelity CFD ToolsO MaterialsC Autonomous SystemsT Adaptive Deployable Human-Robotics Systems Entry Systems Science Planning & Viz Solar System ModelingS MER Surface OpsM MSL Surface Operations MSL Heatshield Heliophysics Modeling Wildfire Response OpsD Planning Materials for Venus, Earth Science Modeling & Sample Return, etc. PredictionA Integrated Intelligent Fundamental AeronauticsR Resilient Flight Control Flight Deck Hypersonics ResearchM High-Fidelity Aero Modeling Integ. Vehicle Health Mgmt. Human-in-the-loop and SimulationD simulation evaluation 5
Assets - Expertise and Capabilities Risk Assessment Autonomy & Robotics Systems Health Entry Systems & Technologies Computational Aerosciences Human-Systems Human Nanotechnology Integration Performance Collaborative Planning & Environments Scheduling1/20/12 6 Supercomputing Information Management Software Reliability
Key Facili8es High-end Computing and Networking Systems, Mass Storage, andARCJET Facility, Ballistic Range, Advanced Visualization LabShock Tube and AdvancedMaterials Lab Intelligent Systems and Human System Integration Labs
HEOMD Challenges for ARCtek • How will we ensure the health and produc8vity of the crew for long dura8on and long distance spaceﬂight missions? • How will we operate a spacecra] with less ground-‐ based resources, signiﬁcant communica8ons delays, and limited or no rapid return capabili8es? • How will we enable eﬀec8ve and coordinated Human-‐ robo8c explora8on in extreme environments and with limited resources? • How will we design, develop, test and cer8fy a Human space transporta8on system with limited budgets and tes8ng capabili8es?