Newsletter #4


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Newsletter #4

  1. 1. Manezh Central Exhibition Hall 16 С In conjunction with the World Bank
  2. 2. Moscow Urban Forum 2013: ideas, solutions, projects and new features The 3rd Moscow Urban Forum «Megacities: Success Beyond the Centre» that took place in Moscow on December 5-7, 2013, gathered together about 3,000 representatives from 35 countries and 27 regions of Russia. In the course of two official working days, speakers and participants held two dozens panel sessions and four plenary sessions, covering a great number of topics related to the development of modern megacities. 2
  3. 3. Coherent development and solution of transport-related issues Within the framework of the Forum, key speakers from the Moscow Government and foreign guests presented quite a number ideas and discussed the prospects for further development of the Russian capital. Moscow mayor said that the city development decisions had already been reviewed, which resulted in abolishing certain contracts for the construction of about 25,000,000 sq meters of real estate that, when finished, would have had a highly negative impact on the urban environment. It was a difficult decision in terms of the city’s economy and communication with investors, but the authorities made a choice in favour of more useful and urban environmentfriendly buildings. M Sergei Sobyanin, mayor of Moscow 3 oscow Mayor Sergei Sobiyanin, who launched the new edition of the Forum, mentioned that the total investment in the economy of the Russian capital in 2013 should reach $35 billion. Priority was given to the development of public spaces and parking areas; in addition, dozens of kilometres
  4. 4. of new pedestrian streets have been built over the last years. The government uses about 80 % of city resources to develop the periphery inhabited by two thirds of the city population, as reminded Sobyanin. While discussing the reforms carried out in the capital over the last few years, the mayor of Moscow focused on transportrelated issues, emphasizing that the Moscow reform in this area was one of the major public transport development programmes in the world. Sobyanin listed specific measures taken in order to improve road traffic situation in the congested Moscow, which included launching 12.5 km of Metro lines, building 72 km of new roads, and renovating 5 outbound routes. There are currently 30 more new metro stations under construction, as well as the second belt line, and the city is planning to create 135 transport hubs. In addition, a reconstruction project of the Moscow Railway integrated with the Moscow Metro was launched. Shortly, the Moscow Metro will require about 3,000 modern subway cars, and all major manufacturers are invited to participate in the tender. According to Mayor Sobyanin, the number of city districts with a subway station within a walking distance will soon be considerably increased, whereas direct main roads should help solve the problem of the city centre congestion. Maxim Liksutov, deputy mayor of Moscow at the Government of Moscow and head of the Department of 4 Maxim Liksutov, Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Moscow Government and Head of the Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development Transportation and Development of Road and Transport Infrastructure, announced that Moscow intended to spend 800 bln roubles on dealing with traffic jams before 2020, and that by that time all the key traffic-related issues in Moscow were expected to be dealt with. Deputy mayor also announced a new development concerning the paid parking of the city centre, which might become free on weekends and holidays as of May 1, 2014, with the final decision expected by the end of December. According to him, more than 40% of Muscovites are in favour of paid car parks. Moscow residents also approve of public transport development. Next year, Liksutov announced the launch of a public transport pilot scheme in the Izmaylovo district, which will increase the number of buses and bus stops. Should this experiment be successful, the new route According to deputy mayor, Moscow will spend 800 bln roubles on dealing with traffic jams before 2020, and by that time all the key traffic-related issues in Moscow will be dealt with. network will be applied to the entire Moscow. Besides, a situation room designed for managing public and private transport in the city should come into being in the nearest future.
  5. 5. New Moscow territory will become more comfortable M arat Khusnullin, Deputy Mayor for Urban Development and Construction, said that 250 km of additional railway tracks would be built in the Moscow region, of which 100 km would run across the city to be launched within the next 5-6 years. He is convinced that Moscow and its region should be as united as possible when it comes to townplanning development. And the process of integration of these two entities has already begun. In 2013, the Moscow authorities decided to build 12,000,000 sq m of residential properties and other real estate in industrial areas (4,000,000 sq m are already being built). Deputy mayor said that the Moscow Government expected to organise 1,000,000 jobs and create a city with a population of 1,500,000 people on the New Moscow territory within the next 20 years. According to him, it has already generated around 30,000 jobs this year alone. Karima Nigmatulina, Acting Director at the State Unitary Enterprise, Research and Project Institute of the Moscow City Master Plan, said that the development scheme of the Moscow transport system could be adopted by the end of 2013 - beginning of 2014, following its approval by the Government of the Russian Federation, as well as the Moscow Government and the Government of the Moscow region. This development programme should continue up to 2020, with its first stage scheduled to be over by 2016. According to Nigmatulina, the scheme takes into account the New Moscow territory and the key points of the Moscow transport system, for instance, Moscow Domodedovo Airport. The road network and the connectivity of various areas are also fully canvassed in the scheme. Marat Khusnullin, Deputy Mayor for Urban Development and Construction According to deputy mayor, the outskirts of Moscow should always imply the Moscow region, for the actual city does not correspond to the existing administrative borders: residents move about, use different services, and work regardless of any boundaries. Every resident’s opinion counts Anastasia Rakova, Deputy Mayor, Chief of Staff to the Mayor and Moscow Government 5 T he question of how to make residents participate more actively in public affairs and decision-making process has also been tackled during the sessions of the Moscow Urban Forum. Anastasia Rakova, deputy mayor and chief of staff to the Mayor and Moscow Government, said that a new standard of public hearing was being developed in the capital, with the authorities wishing to involve not only the local residents directly concerned with a construction, but also the residents of other areas that are sure to benefit from the facilities in the future. The new standard is expected to be put into practice next year. In addition, Rakova said that a dozen of new services were to become available on the Open Data Web portal by the end of the year.
  6. 6. Opinions of Foreign Experts In his video message to participants of the Moscow Urban Forum, Mayor of London Boris Johnson spoke of the similarity between the problems faced by London and Moscow as major megalopolises and financial centres. "We are witnessing an explosive growth of new hubs uptown and in the suburbs of London, where there is a rapid growth of the population, which has a negative impact on the environment. There are similar processes in Moscow. How to cope with the problems that are the reverse side of a 6 successful development?» stated Johnson this topical question. Maurice Leroy, ex-Minister of City Affairs in charge of Grand Paris (2010 – 2012), said: "By 2050, the number of urban megacentres like Moscow, London, Tokyo, Paris or Mexico City will increase considerably. About 65 % of the world population will reside in this kind of agglomeration. Megalopolises are the centres of the future." While presenting the findings of "Archaeology of the Periphery", Justin McGuirk, Strelka Press Chief editor and winner of the Golden Lion for the Best Project of the Venice Architecture Biennale 2012 in collaboration with UrbanThink Tank, said: "We need to look for sources of growth in the outskirts to avoid the polarization of society through ownership." "Cities can quickly deteriorate if they are mismanaged," concluded Edward Lister, Chief of Staff and Deputy Mayor for Policy and Planning by the Mayor of London.
  7. 7. According to Roel Spee (Belgium), Global Leader Plant Location International, IBM Global Business Services "one of the key indicators with regard to attracting effective foreign direct investments is the quantity of new workplaces created." Markus Frank, Head of Frankfurt’s Economic Affairs Department, Germany, emphasized the importance of investments in education and development of human potential. Cameron Sinclair, аrchitect, author, humanitarian, founder and executive director of Architecture for Humanity (San Francisco, USA), noted that the last time he was in Moscow in 1986, and that today he saw tremendous changes. "But today we are saying very little about people," Sinclair noted, steering the discussion in a different 7 direction. "Meanwhile, the city is composed of people, and we should be focusing on them." The expert believes in the importance of providing residents of peripheral areas with the opportunity to participate actively in the life of the city. "While planning major infrastructure changes, we have to assess the social impact thereof," emphasized Gabriella Gomez Mont, Director of the Laboratorio para la Cuidad, Mexico City, when drawing attention to one of the aspects of development of agglomerations. It is important not to forget the environmental aspects when developing urban territories, as reminded Brian Evans, founder and board member of the Urban Academy, Gillespies Parter (London, UK). "Environmental sustainability is so much more than something merely pleasant," he said. "Recreation areas can considerably contribute to psychological and physical health of city dwellers." Richard Burdett, Professor of Urban Studies, and director of LSE Cities and the Urban Age Programme, said that not all the ideas proposed by the expert community would stand the test of time. "We have to dig deep and not wide. The important thing here is not the words but the real actions: the specific steps that politicians and officials will take tomorrow. Our task is to make people’s lives interesting there, where they live," said the British expert.
  8. 8. Forum’s New Features Most of the discussions of the Moscow Urban Forum 2013 revolved around the findings of the international research "Archaeology of the Periphery", initiated by the Forum’s management. This research was carried out by a team of Russian and foreign experts. It was focused on 6 axes of urban development: society, politics, space, culture, economics and big data. The experts were particularly interested in the Moscow districts situated between the Third Ring Road and the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD), as well as the outskirts of Beijing, Istanbul, Mexico City, Jakarta, Paris, Chicago, Sao Paulo, and other megalopolises. The findings of the research were published as a book of nearly 500 pages with diagrams, maps, photos. It has already been translated into English and will be downloadable from the Forum’s website. On December 5-7, the results of the research were presented in the Manezh Exhibition Hall within the framework of the Archaeology of the Periphery Exhibition. 8 "What Moscow wants", a crowdsourcing project launched in June 2013 by the Strelka Institute with the support of the Moscow Urban Forum, was yet another new feature of the Forum. Its final results – 84 best concepts proposed by city dwellers – were visualized and put on display in the Manezh Exhibition Hall. The project’s aim is quite simple: to bring together ordinary residents, architects and designers in order to elaborate joint solutions for specific areas of Moscow. In all, there were submitted over 2000 ideas of urban reorganization. The City Festival that took place Saturday, December 7, in 23 venues mostly outside of the Garden Ring, was the culmination of the Moscow Urban Forum 2013. Several thousands curious residents gathered together to enjoy over 50 educational and cultural events related to the Forum’s key topic «Megacities: Success Beyond the Centre». In 2013, the Festival Day was organized for the first time, becoming a full-scale third day of the Forum open to general public. Its social and cultural activities included exhibitions, discussions, round tables, lectures, workshops, children’s events, cinema festivals and presentations by various creative workers in the so-called Pecha-Kucha style. The key venues of the Festival Day were the Manezh Exhibition Hall, the ZIL Cultural Centre, and the Moscow Technopolis.
  9. 9. LONG-TERM PLANS In the future, the key Forum’s new feature – a research – is to become annual. The topic of each new event shall be based on the results of expert opinion survey carried out among Russian and foreign specialists. Thus, the research will enable the Moscow Urban Forum to be in line with the key trends and objectives of global megacities. As early as 2014, representatives of the Forum’s management plan to attend the biggest international urban development events and to present the findings of the research «Archaeology of the Periphery» to the international community. Day, during which foreign experts gave public lectures at various Moscow sites. In the long term, such open format of the third day will become a traditional ending for all future Forums in the Russian capital. By the end of February, the Forum’s management is to define the topic of the 2014 edition, which is traditionally based on the results of expert opinion survey carried out among Russian and foreign specialists. A Workbook containing all the key ideas and cases discussed during the Forum 2013 will be published at the beginning of March. The other Forum’s new feature has also proven its viability: many residents took an interest in the Festival D uring three days, the Forum remained one of the key topics of the information space: mass media mentioned it over 1,500 times, the eventrelated publications in social media were accessed by more than 5,000,000 people. Users posted over 6,000 related messages on 9 their websites and blogs. About 400 journalists from leading Russian and foreign mass media covered the activities of the Forum. For 14 hours straight, the Forum’s official hashtag #MUF2013 has been at the top of the Russianspeaking Twitter. The official TV-channels of the Forum – Russia 24 and Moscow 24 – provided a direct broadcast of the most interesting speeches, plenary sessions and heated discussions during the key sessions.
  10. 10. The Organising Committee for the Moscow Urban Forum is convinced that the ideas and opinions presented within the framework of the Forum will be duly considered. Further still, the most clever and interesting suggestions and solutions are sure to be adopted not only in Moscow, but also in other Russian cities. They might equally be useful to other global megacities, thus improving the quality of life of their residents. See you at the 4th Moscow Urban Forum on December 4-6, 2014! All the Forum-related materials – videos, photos, speeches and presentations – are available at 10
  11. 11. General Partner Official Day Partners Official Partner of the «What Moscow Wants» Exhibition Contacts of Organising Committee for Moscow Urban Forum +7 (495) 788 35 84 22, Voznesensky per., 125009 Moscow, Russia 11