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Learning and Knowledge Building with Wikis: The Impact of Incongruity between People’s Knowledge and a Wiki’s Information. Johannes Moskaliuk, University of Tuebingen  Joachim Kimmerle, University of Tuebingen  Ulrike Cress, Knowledge Media Research Center ICLS 2008, June 25th, Utrecht
Outline ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Wiki-supported knowledge building ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Jointly creation of one artifact. Collaborative development of knowledge .
Systemic point of view (acc. to Luhmann) wiki‘s information social system people‘s knowledge cognitive system
Co-evolution of user‘s knowlege and wiki‘s information knowledge building individual learning
Cognitive point of view (acc. to Piaget) existing knowledge information from  the enviroment perturbation incongruity cognitive conflict equilibration accommodation assimilation
Four processes of learning and knowledge building qualitative individual learning (acquisition of conceptual knowledge) qualitative knowledge building accommodation quantitative individual learning (acquisition of factual knowledge) quantitative knowledge building assimilation internalization externalization
Motivation to participate is determined by incongruity linking to prior knowledge is difficult motivational barriers  no cognitive conflict no new information low incongruity  high incongruity cognitive conflict
Hypotheses ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Experiment ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Three conditions with different levels of incongruity biological/genetic social diathesis/stress medium incongruity low incongruity high  incongruity complete wiki no content a b one-sided content condition 1   condition  2   condition 3
Three conditions with different levels of incongruity wiki‘s information people‘s knowledge 3 conditions constant
Dependent variables Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Dependent variables Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Dependent variables accommodation index Allusion to the  diathesis-stress model structure of  the arguments on the one hand… on the other hand… in contrast… nevertheless… however… Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Dependent variables 21 statements about the causes of schizophrenia The double bind theory is an empirically proven statement about the causes of schizophrenia. correct   not correct  I don‘t know  Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Dependent variables open question „ Describe the best argument, to explain the causes of schizophrenia learned through the work with the wiki.“ simple answers complex answers expert rating Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Results Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information 1790,45 1413,32 519,22 268,70 210,00 78,78 high medium  low
Dependent variables M med  = 3.29 (SD med  = 2.70) vs.  M low  = 1.78 (SD low  = 1.78),  t(37) = 2.04, p=.02 M med  = 3.29 (SD med  = 2.70) vs.  M high  = 2.05 (SD high  = 0.94),  t(37) = 1.93, p=.03 Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Dependent variables M med  = 15.50 (SD med  = 2.30) vs.  M low  = 13.70 (SD low  = 2.98),  t(37) = 2.16, p=.02 M med  = 15.50 (SD med  = 2.30) vs.  M high  = 14.20 (SD high  = 1.96),  t(37) = 1.96, p=.03 Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Dependent variables low vs., medium Chi 2  = 1, N = 43) = 4.23, p = .02. high vs. medium Chi 2  = 1, N = 43) = 5.23, p = .03.  Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
Conclusion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],Wiki Wiki Shuttle at Honolulu International Airport

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Learning and Knowledge building with wikis: The Impact of Incongruity between People’s Knowledge and a Wiki’s Information.

  • 1. Learning and Knowledge Building with Wikis: The Impact of Incongruity between People’s Knowledge and a Wiki’s Information. Johannes Moskaliuk, University of Tuebingen Joachim Kimmerle, University of Tuebingen Ulrike Cress, Knowledge Media Research Center ICLS 2008, June 25th, Utrecht
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  • 4. Systemic point of view (acc. to Luhmann) wiki‘s information social system people‘s knowledge cognitive system
  • 5. Co-evolution of user‘s knowlege and wiki‘s information knowledge building individual learning
  • 6. Cognitive point of view (acc. to Piaget) existing knowledge information from the enviroment perturbation incongruity cognitive conflict equilibration accommodation assimilation
  • 7. Four processes of learning and knowledge building qualitative individual learning (acquisition of conceptual knowledge) qualitative knowledge building accommodation quantitative individual learning (acquisition of factual knowledge) quantitative knowledge building assimilation internalization externalization
  • 8. Motivation to participate is determined by incongruity linking to prior knowledge is difficult motivational barriers no cognitive conflict no new information low incongruity high incongruity cognitive conflict
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  • 11. Three conditions with different levels of incongruity biological/genetic social diathesis/stress medium incongruity low incongruity high incongruity complete wiki no content a b one-sided content condition 1 condition 2 condition 3
  • 12. Three conditions with different levels of incongruity wiki‘s information people‘s knowledge 3 conditions constant
  • 13. Dependent variables Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 14. Dependent variables Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 15. Dependent variables accommodation index Allusion to the diathesis-stress model structure of the arguments on the one hand… on the other hand… in contrast… nevertheless… however… Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 16. Dependent variables 21 statements about the causes of schizophrenia The double bind theory is an empirically proven statement about the causes of schizophrenia. correct not correct I don‘t know  Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 17. Dependent variables open question „ Describe the best argument, to explain the causes of schizophrenia learned through the work with the wiki.“ simple answers complex answers expert rating Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 18. Results Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information 1790,45 1413,32 519,22 268,70 210,00 78,78 high medium low
  • 19. Dependent variables M med = 3.29 (SD med = 2.70) vs. M low = 1.78 (SD low = 1.78), t(37) = 2.04, p=.02 M med = 3.29 (SD med = 2.70) vs. M high = 2.05 (SD high = 0.94), t(37) = 1.93, p=.03 Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 20. Dependent variables M med = 15.50 (SD med = 2.30) vs. M low = 13.70 (SD low = 2.98), t(37) = 2.16, p=.02 M med = 15.50 (SD med = 2.30) vs. M high = 14.20 (SD high = 1.96), t(37) = 1.96, p=.03 Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
  • 21. Dependent variables low vs., medium Chi 2 = 1, N = 43) = 4.23, p = .02. high vs. medium Chi 2 = 1, N = 43) = 5.23, p = .03. Conceptual knowledge Accommodation index Accommodation Factual knowledge Sum of added words Assimilation People’s knowledge Wiki’s information
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  • 23.