My name is Jackie Morrow and I am going to share a little about my research project on the evolution from the blackboard to the interactive whiteboard.
So what is an interactive whiteboard? According to dictionary.com, it is a large touch-sensitive board connected to a computer and a digital projector, used for teaching in the classroom. It is important to note, it isn’t just limited to the classroom. In fact, businesses were the first to adopt this technology for meetings and collaboration spaces.So, I realize by now most of you have heard me explain a little about what an interactive whiteboard is and how it is used, but just in case I thought it might be nice to see one in action.
So where did this technology evolve from? Back in the early 1800s the blackboard was first invented by James Pillans, Headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland. Word of this new teaching technology spread quickly and was adopted in the US in 1801 by George Baron, a teacher at the West Point Academy.Soon classrooms across the US began adopting the blackboard, which later became known as a chalkboard available in a variety of colors.Finally in the 1980s a new classroom technology arose. It was a whiteboard which used markers instead of chalk.
Nancy Knowlton and David Martin – a husband and wife team—developed the idea of an interactive white board in 1986, but the first one wasn’t released until 1991. Nancy and David founded SMART Technologies, one of the leading providers of interactive whiteboards and other SMART classroom technologies.The United Kingdom was an early adopter of the technology. After searching further, I came across Futuresource Consulting, a research and knowledge-based consulting firm located in the United Kingdom. According to the SMART Technologies website, Futuresource has been researching and tracking interactive whiteboards for the past nine years. They had extensive white papers and studies giving detailed information on the history, growth, and projection of IWB at a global level.The following top graph shows the volume of sales per year from 2004 to 2011. As you can see it resembles Everett Roger’s Diffusion of Innovations Theory and the adoption and innovation curve. At first glance it seems as though the IWB is currently in the early majority stage, well on its way to the late majority stage. One article I found said, “at least one in six classrooms worldwide are projected to have interactive whiteboards installed by 2012 and with an estimate of 31 million classrooms, that’s about 5 million whiteboards sold.”
Yet the question remains, does this classroom technology have an impact on student achievement? Well, after several different studies…each concluded with “more research needs to be conducted to determine results.” So although the question is still out, some of the same themes and ideas were apparent in several of the studies. It is imperative to build and foster a culture around the IWBTeachers are in need to training, and not just top-down staff development approach showing exemplary lessons. But a “bottom-up” approach which requires teachers to evaluate and reflect on their lessons, evaluate student engagement, and assess level of interactivity of lessons. This training needs to be both technical and pedagogical. Teachers need time to Increase confidence and skills. Students can tell when their teachers lack the capabilities to use or integrate the technology.Teacher who have adopted the technology say that their lessons with the interactive whiteboard have a more clearly defined structure and planned progression. One study concluded that, the fact that IWBs are not considered a disruptive technology is both a weakness and a strength (Schuck & Kearney, 2007). They can easily be integrated into traditional pedagogy, and thus be seen as a positive addition to the classroom. However, without a progression to an interactive pedagogy, long-term motivational and achievement gains are often not realized (Higgins et al., 2007).
So what is next in regards to the interactive whiteboard and classroom technology? Well based on a few articles I read and conferences I’ve attended, it seems like the idea of integrating mobile and tablet computers with interactive white boards is the next step – where each student has a mini-interactive whiteboard in their hand to follow along, and interact together. Also, a few articles talked about the idea of gesture technology, and expanding on technology from Nintendo Wii and Xbox Kinect, allowing students and teachers to interact with the board regardless of proximity. So after all this research what is my conclusion? I agree, we lack clear data that supports the technology and that teachers need to be better trained in order for it to be effective. But overall, I’ve personally seen some amazing instruction happening even in pre-school classes where students are eager to use the technology and see it as “magic.” The biggest challenge right now isn’t accessing the technology, but the lack of funding in helping teachers to fully understand and utilize it. Classroom technology is evolving faster than teachers are able to adapt.
What is anInteractive Whiteboard?<br />a large touch-sensitive board connected to a computer and a digital projector, used for teaching in the classroom<br />www.dictionary.com<br />Video Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_XgyxsB74Y <br />
WHAT CAME BEFORE?<br />First known as a blackboard, then later a chalkboard.<br />James Pillans<br />Headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland.<br />1801 <br />Introduced to US education by George Baron, <br />a teacher at West Point. <br />1980 <br />Whiteboards using markers begin to replace chalkboards.<br />