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14.02.21 exegesis epiphany 7

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14.02.21 exegesis epiphany 7

  1. 1. Seventh Sunday in Epiphany: God Manifests His Perfect Holiness in Christ through Compassion and Forgiveness Leviticus 19:1–2, 9–18; 1 Corinthians 3:10–23; Matthew 5:38–48; Psalm 119:33-40
  2. 2. THE SEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER THE EPIPHANY Leviticus 19:1–2, 9–18 1 Corinthians 3:10–23 Matthew 5:38–48 God Manifests His Perfect Holiness in Christ through Compassion and Forgiveness God reveals His perfect holiness in compassion as “He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust” (Matt. 5:45). By His grace in Jesus Christ we are holy just as He is holy (Lev. 19:2) and we are “God’s temple” in whom “God’s Spirit dwells” (1 Cor. 3:16). This gift of holiness begins with fearing, loving, and trusting God above all things and leads us to love our neighbor as ourselves (Lev. 19:18). No longer should we practice “injustice in court”; no longer should we “be partial to the poor or defer to the great”; no longer should we “go around as a slanderer” among God‘s people; no longer should we “take vengeance or bear a grudge” (Lev. 19:15-18). Though we were His enemies, our Lord Jesus Christ has loved us and forgiven us. Nourished and sustained by His holy body and blood under the bread and wine of His holy Supper, we “shall be holy” (Lev. 19:2) even as the Lord our God is holy.
  3. 3. O Holy Spirit, descend plentifully into my heart. Enlighten the dark corners of this neglected dwelling and scatter there Thy cheerful beams. Saint Augustine How does God make us holy?
  4. 4.  Use your prayer notes.  Use a verse from the bible to reflect on.  Pray about holiness.  P raise R epentance A ppreciation Y ou E veryone R esolve In peace, let us pray to the Lord: faith, turning from our sins, Lord, have mercy. trusting in Christ for forgiveness and growing in works of mercy For all people, that we might and acts of charity for our have confidence in our right neighbors, let us pray to the standing before God the Father Lord: Lord, have mercy. because of the perfect righteousness that comes only For this country, that those from Jesus, let us pray to the whom God has set into positions Lord: Lord, have mercy. of public trust would serve honorably. Grant that we might For this congregation, that we be guarded from all harm and might show forth the mercy we danger and that our citizens have received by an abundance would submit to the governing of good works, serving our authorities, loving, honoring, neighbors with the love we have serving and obeying those known in our Savior, let us pray whom God has placed over us, to the Lord: Lord, have mercy. let us pray to the Lord: Lord, have mercy. For all Christians, that we might be granted a genuine, repentant
  5. 5.    For the sick and suffering, [especially _________________,] that God might grant them relief Use your prayer notes. from pain and healing for their Use a verse from the afflictions according to His will, let us pray to the Lord: bible to reflect on. Pray about holiness. Lord, have mercy.  P raise R epentance A ppreciation Y ou E veryone R esolve receive these treasures for forgiveness and everlasting life, let us pray to the Lord: Lord, have mercy. For the faithful who have been gathered into the heavenly home, let us give thanks to the Lord, asking Him to bring us For those who grieve the death with them to the day that never of loved ones, that they might ends in the Kingdom of our have hope in the promise of the Father, let us pray to the Lord: resurrection of the dead and Lord, have mercy. eternal life for all believers in Jesus, let us pray to the Lord: These things and whatever else Lord, have mercy. You know that we need, kind Father, grant us for the sake of For those who receive the body Your beloved Son, Jesus Christ, and blood of Jesus at this altar who lives and reigns with You today, that in genuine and and the Holy Spirit, one God, repentant faith they might now and forever. Amen.
  6. 6. God Manifests His Perfect Holiness in Christ through Compassion and Forgiveness  Meet w/teams 3-5 min per box  What are the major points of your text?  How does your topic fit the pericope theme?  How does it connect to the other texts? How is it unique?
  7. 7. Leviticus 19:1-2 Various Laws 19 The LORD said to Moses, 2 ―Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‗Be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy. Leviticus 19:9-18 9 ―‗When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. 10 Do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen. Leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am theLORD your God. 11 ―‗Do not steal. ―‗Do not lie. ―‗Do not deceive one another. 12 ―‗Do not swear falsely by my nameand so profane the name of your God. I am the LORD. 13 ―‗Do not defraud or rob your neighbor. ―‗Do not hold back the wages of a hired worker overnight. 14 ―‗Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind, but fear your God. I am the LORD. 15 ―‗Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly. 16 ―‗Do not go about spreading slanderamong your people. ―‗Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor‘s life. I am the LORD. 17 ―‗Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your heart. Rebuke your neighbor franklyso you will not share in their guilt. 18 ―‗Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.
  8. 8. 1 Corinthians 3:10-23 10 By the grace God has given me, I laid a foundation as a wise builder, and someone else is building on it. But each one should build with care. 11 For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ.12 If anyone builds on this foundation using gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay or straw, 13 their work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person‘s work. 14 If what has been built survives, the builder will receive a reward. 15 If it is burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be saved—even though only as one escaping through the flames. 16 Don‘t you know that you yourselves are God‘s temple and that God‘s Spirit dwells in your midst? 17 If anyone destroys God‘s temple, God will destroy that person; for God‘s temple is sacred, and you together are that temple. 18 Do not deceive yourselves. If any of you think you are wise by the standards of this age, you should become ―fools‖ so that you may become wise. 19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in God‘s sight. As it is written: ―He catches the wise in their craftiness‖[a]; 20 and again, ―The Lord knows that the thoughts of the wise are futile.‖[b] 21 So then, no more boasting about human leaders! All things are yours, 22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas[c] or the world or life or death or the present or the future—all are yours, 23 and you are of Christ, and Christ is of God.
  9. 9. Matthew 5:38-48 causes his sun to rise on the evil and the Eye for Eye good, and sends rain on the righteous 38 ―You have heard that it was said, ‗Eye and the unrighteous. 46 If you love those for eye, and tooth for tooth.‘[a] 39 But I who love you, what reward will you tell you, do not resist an evil person. If get? Are not even the tax collectors anyone slaps you on the right cheek, doing that? 47 And if you greet only turn to them the other cheek also.40 And your own people, what are you doing if anyone wants to sue you and take more than others? Do not even pagans your shirt, hand over your coat as do that? 48 Be perfect, therefore, as your well. 41 If anyone forces you to go one heavenly Father is perfect. mile, go with them two miles. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you. Love for Enemies 43 ―You have heard that it was said, ‗Love your neighbor[b] and hate your enemy.‘ 44 But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He
  10. 10. 40 How I long for your precepts! Psalm 119:33-40 He In your righteousness preserve my 33 Teach me, LORD, the way of your life. decrees, that I may follow it to the end.[a] 34 Give me understanding, so that I may keep your law and obey it with all my heart. 35 Direct me in the path of your commands, for there I find delight. 36 Turn my heart toward your statutes and not toward selfish gain. 37 Turn my eyes away from worthless things; preserve my life according to your word.[b] 38 Fulfill your promise to your servant, so that you may be feared. 39 Take away the disgrace I dread, for your laws are good.
  11. 11.  The Transfiguration of Our Lord: God Manifests His Glory in the Body of Christ Jesus, Transfigured for Us by His Cross  Exodus 24:8–18 The Covenant Confirmed  2 Peter 1:16–21 Prophecy of Scripture  Matthew 17:1–9 The Transfiguration  Psalm 2:6-12 I have installed my king on Zion
  12. 12. Exodus 24:8–18; 2 Peter 1:16–21; Matthew 17:1–9; Psalm 2:6-12 2 Peter 1:16-21 covered them, and a voice from the cloud said, ―This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am 16 For we did not follow cleverly devised stories well pleased. Listen to him!‖ Exodus 24:8-18 when we told you about the coming of our Lord 6 When the disciples heard this, they fell 8 Moses then took the blood, sprinkled it on the Jesus Christ in power, but we were eyewitnesses facedown to the ground, terrified.7 But Jesus people and said, ―This is the blood of the of his majesty. 17 He received honor and glory came and touched them.―Get up,‖ he said. covenant that the LORD has made with you in from God the Father when the voice came to ―Don‘t be afraid.‖8 When they looked up, they accordance with all these words.‖ him from the Majestic Glory, saying, ―This is saw no one except Jesus. 9 Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the my Son, whom I love; with him I am well 9 As they were coming down the mountain, 10 and saw the [a] 18 We ourselves heard this voice that Jesus instructed them, ―Don‘t tell anyone what seventy elders of Israel went up pleased.‖ God of Israel. Under his feet was something like came from heaven when we were with him on you have seen, until the Son of Man has been a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as bright blue the sacred mountain. raised from the dead.‖ 11 But God did not raise his hand 19 We also have the prophetic message as as the sky. against these leaders of the Israelites; they something completely reliable, and you will do Psalm 2:6-12 saw God, and they ate and drank. well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in 6 ―I have installed my king 12 The LORD said to Moses, ―Come up to me on a dark place, until the day dawns and the on Zion, my holy mountain.‖ 20 Above all, the mountain and stay here, and I will give you morning star rises in your hearts. 7 I will proclaim the LORD‘s decree: the tablets of stone with the law and you must understand that no prophecy of He said to me, ―You are my son; commandments I have written for their Scripture came about by the prophet‘s own today I have become your father. 21 For prophecy never instruction.‖ interpretation of things. 8 Ask me, 13 Then Moses set out with Joshua his aide, and had its origin in the human will, but prophets, and I will make the nationsyour inheritance, 14 He Moses went up on the mountain of God. though human, spoke from God as they were the ends of the earth your possession. said to the elders, ―Wait here for us until we carried along by the Holy Spirit. 9 You will break them with a rod of iron[a]; come back to you. Aaron and Hur are with you, you will dash them to pieceslike pottery.‖ and anyone involved in a dispute can go to Matthew 17:1-9 10 Therefore, you kings, be wise; them.‖ The Transfiguration be warned, you rulers of the earth. 15 When Moses went up on the mountain, the 17 After six days Jesus took with him Peter, 11 Serve the LORD with fear 16 and the glory of cloud covered it, James and John the brother of James, and led and celebrate his rule with trembling. the LORD settled on Mount Sinai. For six days them up a high mountain by themselves. 2 There 12 Kiss his son, or he will be angry the cloud covered the mountain, and on the he was transfigured before them. His face shone and your way will lead to your destruction, seventh day theLORD called to Moses from like the sun, and his clothes became as white as for his wrath can flare up in a moment. 17 To the Israelites the glory of the light. 3 Just then there appeared before them within the cloud. Blessed are all who take refugein him. the LORD looked like a consuming fire on top of Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus. 4 Peter the mountain. 18 Then Moses entered the cloud said to Jesus, ―Lord, it is good for us to be here. as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for on the mountain forty days and forty nights. you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.‖ 5 While he was still speaking, a bright cloud

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