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14.02.14 exegesis epiphany 6

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14.02.14 exegesis epiphany 6

  1. 1. Sixth Sunday in Epiphany: Christ Sets Life before Us so that We Can Walk in His Ways Deuteronomy 30:15–20; 1 Corinthians 3:1–9; Matthew 5:21–37; Psalm 119:1–8
  2. 2. THE SIXTH SUNDAY AFTER THE EPIPHANY Deuteronomy 30:15–20 1 Corinthians 3:1–9 Matthew 5:21–37 Christ Sets Life before Us so that We Can Walk in His Ways The God who reveals Himself in His incarnate Son promises life and blessing to all who obey His commandments “by loving the LORD your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules” (Deut. 30:16). However, we are “people of the flesh” and “infants in Christ” (1 Cor. 3:1) among whom “there is jealousy and strife” (1 Cor. 3:3). Jesus must instruct us against the human ways of anger, adultery, divorce, and false witness (Matt. 5:21-37), because all who live in these ways “shall surely perish” (Deut. 30:18). On the cross He died to forgive our sins and free us from the ways of curse and death. Since Jesus Christ is our “life and length of days” (Deut. 30:20), we can be reconciled to our brother, live in chastity and marital faithfulness, and speak with honesty. He who serves from His cross also offers His gift of reconciliation at His altar, and we can be at peace with our brothers and sisters in Christ who are “God’s field, God’s building” (1 Cor. 3:9).
  3. 3. How do we walk in his ways?
  4. 4. 1 Songs of thankfulness and praise, Jesus, Lord, to thee we raise, Manifested by the star To the sages from afar, Branch of royal David's stem In Thy birth at Bethlehem: Anthems be to Thee addressed, God in man made manifest. 2 Manifest at Jordan's stream, Prophet, Priest, and King supreme; And at Cana wedding guest In the God-head manifest; Manifest in pow'r divine, Changing water into wine; Anthems be to Thee addressed, God in man made manifest. 3 Manifest in making whole Palsied limbs and fainting soul; Manifest in valiant fight, Quelling all the devil's might; Manifest in gracious will, Ever bringing good from ill; Anthems be to Thee addressed, God in man made manifest. 4 Sun and moon shall darkened be, Stars shall fall, the heav'ns shall flee; Christ will then like lightning shine, All will see His glorious sign; All will then the trumpet hear, All will see the Judge appear; Thou by all wilt be confessed, God in man made manifest. 5 Grant us grace to see Thee, Lord, Present in Thy holy Word-Grace to imitate Thee now And be pure, as pure art Thou; That we might become like Thee At Thy great epiphany And may praise Thee, ever blest, God in man made manifest.
  5. 5.  Use your prayer notes.  Use a verse from the bible to reflect on.  Pray about following Jesus.  P raise R epentance A ppreciation Y ou E veryone R esolve Let us pray for the whole Church of preserve us in the faith. Heal divisions God in Christ Jesus and for all people in Your Church that flow from selfish according to their needs. ambitions, conflicts and factions. Grant to all Your people unity in the Almighty God, when Your Son takes faith once delivered to the saints and in hand the Law and explains it, our zeal in sharing the Gospel with those mouths are stopped and our shame is who do not yet know its peace. exposed. We are completely unable to Lord, in Your mercy, hear our prayer. save or help ourselves. Despairing of our own powers, let us know the sure Almighty God, You governed Israel and certain confidence of our Lord‘s through judges and kings, and You flawless obedience on our continue to rule the kingdoms of the behalf, rejoicing that His perfect world through righteousness forever avails for us governments, presidents, kings and before You. Lord, in Your mercy, hear other rulers. Give courage to those our prayer. who have been placed in secular authority over us, that they might Gracious Father, You send laborers protect the vulnerable — particularly into the field, some to sow, some to the unborn and the aged — and water, all relying on You to grant restrain wickedness for the good of all growth. We give You thanks for people. Lord, in Your mercy, hear our faithful pastors whom You have sent prayer. to serve us, who baptized and absolved us, who proclaimed Your Gospel to us. And we rejoice that through these imperfect men, You work to call and
  6. 6. Gracious Father, You provide daily His body and blood, the very bread sufficient to support body medicine of immortality, will not and life for each day that You give be abandoned to the grave but will us in our pilgrimage. Grant relief tobe raised bodily on the day of His those who suffer afflictions of return. Keep us steadfast in the  Use your prayer notes. sickness, pain, injury or sorrow. faith until that day. Give comfort to  Use a verse from the [Remember especially [_____________ and all] those bible to reflect on. ______________________ and all who mourn the death of loved  Pray about following who have requested our prayers.] ones, that they might grieve in the Give them comfort in suffering and certain hope of the resurrection. Jesus. hope in the day of Your Son‘s Lord, in Your mercy, hear our  P raise return, the day when full prayer. R epentance resurrection and restoration of A ppreciation health and strength will belong to Into Your hands, O Lord, we Y ou Your people forever. Lord, in Your commend all for whom we pray, E veryone mercy, hear our prayer. trusting in Your mercy; through R esolve Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord. Almighty God, Your Son promised Amen. that the gates of hell and death would never prevail against His Church. In the face of death, give us this confidence that those who belong to Jesus, who have fed on
  7. 7. Christ Sets Life before Us so that We Can Walk in His Ways  Meet w/teams 3-5 min per box  What are the major points of your text?  How does your topic fit the pericope theme?  How does it connect to the other texts? How is it unique?
  8. 8. Deuteronomy 30:15-20 to you today, that you shall 15 ―See, I have set before you surely perish. You shall not live today life and good, death and long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to enter evil. 16 If you obey the and possess. 19 I call heaven and commandments of earth to witness against you the LORD your God[a] that I command you today, by loving today, that I have set before you the LORD your God, by walking life and death, blessing and in his ways, and by keeping his curse. Therefore choose life, that commandments and his statutes you and your offspring may [b] then you shall live, 20 loving theLORD your and his rules, God, obeying his voice and live and multiply, and holding fast to him, for he is your the LORD your God will bless life and length of days, that you you in the land that you are may dwell inthe land that entering to take possession of it. 17 But if your heart turns away, the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to and you will not hear, but are Jacob, to give them.‖ drawn away to worship other gods and serve them, 18 I declare
  9. 9. 5 What then is Apollos? What is 1 Corinthians 3:1-9 Paul?Servants through whom Divisions in the Church you believed, as the Lord 3 But I, brothers,[a] could not assigned to each. 6 I address you as spiritual people, planted,Apollos watered, but but as people of the flesh, as infants in Christ. 2 I fed you God gave the growth. 7 So neither he who with milk, not solid food, for you were not ready for it. And even plants nor he who waters is now you are not yet ready, 3 for anything, but only8 God who gives the growth. He who plants you are still of the flesh. For while there is jealousy and strife and he who waters are one, and among you, are you not of the each will receive his wages according to his labor.9 For we flesh and behaving only in a human way?4 For when one says, are God's fellow workers. You ―I follow Paul,‖ and another, ―I are God's field, God's building. follow Apollos,‖ are you not being merely human?
  10. 10. Matthew 5:21-37 than that your whole body be thrown intohell. 30 And if your right hand causes you Anger to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is 21 ―You have heard that it was said to those of better that you lose one of your members than old, ‗You shall not murder; and whoever that your whole body go into hell. murders will be liable to judgment.‘ 22 But I say to you thateveryone who is angry with his Divorce brother[a]will be liable to judgment; whoever 31 ―It was also said, ‗Whoever divorces his insults[b] his brother will be liable to the wife, let him give her a certificate of council; and whoever says, ‗You fool!‘ will be divorce.‘ 32 But I say to you that everyone who liable to the hell[c] of fire. 23 So if you are divorces his wife, except on the ground of offering your gift at the altar and there sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, remember that your brother has something and whoever marries a divorced woman 24 leave your gift there before the commits adultery. against you, altar and go. First be reconciled to your Oaths brother, and then come and offer your 33 ―Again you have heard that it was said to gift. 25 Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, those of old, ‗You shall not swear falsely, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, but shall perform to the Lord what you have 34 and the judge to the guard, and you be put in sworn.‘ But I say to you, Do not take an oath either by heaven, for it is the throne of prison. 26 Truly, I say to you, you will never get at all,35 God, or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or out until you have paid the last penny.[d] by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great Lust King. 36 And do not take an oath by your head, 27 ―You have heard that it was said, ‗You shall for you cannot make one hair white or not commit adultery.‘ 28 But I say to you black. 37 Let what you say be simply ‗Yes‘ or that everyone who looks at a woman with ‗No‘; anything more than this comes from lustful intent has already committed adultery evil.[e] with her in his heart.29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members
  11. 11. 8 I will keep your statutes; Psalm 119:1-8 do not utterly forsake me! Your Word Is a Lamp to My Feet Aleph 119 [a] Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the LORD! 2 Blessed are those who keep histestimonies, who seek him with their whole heart, 3 who also do no wrong, but walk in his ways! 4 You have commanded yourprecepts to be kept diligently. 5 Oh that my ways may be steadfast in keeping your statutes! 6 Then I shall not be put to shame, having my eyes fixed on all your commandments. 7 I will praise you with an upright heart, when I learn your righteous rules.[b]
  12. 12.  Seventh Sunday in Epiphany: God Manifests His Perfect Holiness in Christ through Compassion and Forgiveness  Leviticus 19:1–2, 9–18 Various Laws  1 Corinthians 3:10–23 The Church and His Leaders  Matthew 5:38–48 Eye for an Eye; Love for Enemies  Psalm 119:33-40 Teach me the way of your decrees
  13. 13. Leviticus 19:1–2, 9–18; 1 Corinthians 3:10–23; Matthew 5:38–48; Psalm 119:33-40 foundation as a wise builder, and someone else is who asks you, and do not turn away from the one building on it. But each one should build with who wants to borrow from you. 11 For no one can lay any foundation other than Love for Enemies care. 43 ―You have heard that it was said, ‗Love your Leviticus 19:1-2 the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ.12 If Various Laws anyone builds on this foundation using neighbor[b] and hate your enemy.‘ 44 But I tell 19 The LORD said to Moses, 2 ―Speak to the entire gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay or you, love your enemies and pray for those who assembly of Israel and say to them: ‗Be holy because straw, 13 their work will be shown for what it persecute you, 45 that you may be children of your I, the LORD your God, am holy. is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil Leviticus 19:9-18 revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the 9 ―‗When you reap the harvest of your land, do not each person‘s work. 14 If what has been built unrighteous. 46 If you love those who love you, what 15 If it is reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors reap to the very edges of your field or gather the survives, the builder will receive a reward. gleanings of your harvest. 10 Do not go over your burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be doing that? 47 And if you greet only your own vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that saved—even though only as one escaping through people, what are you doing more than others? Do not have fallen. Leave them for the poor and the the flames. even pagans do that? 48 Be perfect, therefore, as your 16 Don‘t you know that you yourselves are God‘s foreigner. I am theLORD your God. heavenly Father is perfect. 11 ―‗Do not steal. temple and that God‘s Spirit dwells in your Psalm 119:33-40 ―‗Do not lie. midst? 17 If anyone destroys God‘s temple, God will He ―‗Do not deceive one another. destroy that person; for God‘s temple is sacred, and 33 Teach me, LORD, the way of your decrees, 12 ―‗Do not swear falsely by my nameand so you together are that temple. that I may follow it to the end.[a] 18 Do not deceive yourselves. If any of you think you 34 Give me understanding, so that I may keep your profane the name of your God. I am the LORD. 13 ―‗Do not defraud or rob your neighbor. are wise by the standards of this age, you should law ―‗Do not hold back the wages of a hired become ―fools‖ so that you may become wise. 19 For and obey it with all my heart. 35 Direct me in the path of your commands, worker overnight. the wisdom of this world is foolishness in God‘s 14 ―‗Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in sight. As it is written: ―He catches the wise in their for there I find delight. front of the blind, but fear your God. I am the LORD. craftiness‖[a]; 20 and again, ―The Lord knows that the 36 Turn my heart toward your statutes 15 ―‗Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to thoughts of the wise are futile.‖[b] 21 So then, no more and not toward selfish gain. 37 Turn my eyes away from worthless things; the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your boasting about human leaders! All things are neighbor fairly. yours, 22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas[c] or the preserve my life according to your word.[b] 16 ―‗Do not go about spreading slanderamong your world or life or death or the present or the future—all 38 Fulfill your promise to your servant, people. are yours, 23 and you are of Christ, and Christ is of so that you may be feared. 39 Take away the disgrace I dread, ―‗Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor‘s God. life. I am the LORD. Matthew 5:38-48 for your laws are good. 17 ―‗Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your 40 How I long for your precepts! Eye for Eye heart. Rebuke your neighbor franklyso you will not 38 ―You have heard that it was said, ‗Eye for eye, and In your righteousness preserve my life. share in their guilt. tooth for tooth.‘[a] 39 But I tell you, do not resist an 18 ―‗Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right anyone among your people, but love your cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.40 And if neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD. anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand 1 Corinthians 3:10-23 over your coat as well. 41 If anyone forces you to go 10 By the grace God has given me, I laid a one mile, go with them two miles. 42 Give to the one

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