From the Ground Up: Redesigning Engineering Education for the 21st Century   Richard K. Miller, Ph.D.           President ...
Looking Back to the 20th Century:                                    2
NAE Grand Challenges for the 21st CenturySustainability, Health, Security, Joy of Living
The Pale Blue Dot• NASA, 1990 – Voyager 1• 3.8 billion miles (41 AU)• Carl Sagan – address at   Cornell University, Oct 13...
Educating Engineers Beyond Technology:The Increasing Need for Non-technical Education for Engineers       • Minimizing Uni...
Feasibility                        ViabilityEngineering                                  Business andand Science          ...
Feasibility                           Viability  All other subjects                                 All other subjects Fea...
Feasibility                  Viability                                 INNOVATION              Desirability
How Can We Increase Creativity?Definitions:Creativity   • Process of having original ideas and insightsInventiveness   • P...
Creativity & Cognition                                                               YOUTUBE:                          ...
Multiple Intelligences: Howard Gardner, Frames of Mind (1983)    • All people have at least 7 “intelligences”        • Lin...
A New Culture of LearningTraditional          NewKnowledge Transfer   Construct Knowledge“Can’t Do”           “Can Do”Foll...
A New Culture of Learning• Knowledge is becoming a commodity!• Attitudes, behaviors, and motivations        are the new fr...
What We Teach vs. What They Need to Know• Engineering alumni report that engineering science is not as useful in  their ca...
Prof. Warren Seering    Kristen Wolfe    June, 2004    S.B. ThesisUnderstanding the Careers ofthe Alumni of the MIT Mechan...
surveyMITME Graduates1992 - 1996676 e-mail requests308 completed the survey46% response rate
Source100%                did not80%                else-                where60%                job40%             grad  ...
underlying sciencesunderlying mathematicsmechanics of solidsmechanical behavior of materialssystems dynamics and controldy...
engineering reasoning and problem solvingexperimentation and knowledge discoverysystem thinkingpersonal skills and attribu...
testingdesigning                         how                                  anddeveloping an idea                whymark...
Source100%                                   did not80%                                   else-                           ...
100%                         used80%                         pervasively60%40%    learned at20%       MIT 0%         ME   ...
pervasivelynever         Frequency of use                  lead/innovatenone        Expected proficiency
not                                   learned                                        butteamwork                         p...
underlying sciences                               learnedunderlying mathematics                           but seldomdynami...
The Need for Change in Engineering Education• Thomas L. Friedman, The World is Flat: A Brief History of the         Twenty...
What Is An Engineer?• Applied Scientist• noun: “a person who carries through an enterprise by skillful or         artful c...
Engineering vs. Science The Process of Engineering DesignWhy Doesn’t it Work?                        Let’s Try It!      (T...
Engineering vs. Science          The Process of Scientific Discovery   Wow! Did You See That?                      Maybe I...
Olin College Overview•   Undergraduate residential engineering education•   Total enrollment of about 350•    Nearly 50% w...
Olin College Campus    Needham, MA
Olin College Overview   Olin College       Where Do Olin Students Come From?
Blurring Boundaries               VIABILITYFEASIBILITY       DESIRABILITY
Some Features of the Olin Curriculum• Candidates’ Weekend: interviews required for admission• Extensive DESIGN core requir...
Reflections           Overall, Greatly Exceeded Our ExpectationsPositives                              Negatives• very suc...
Student Engagement and Learning Outcomes•    Educational research shows that the more students are enthusiastic and    per...
First year Student Engagement (NSSE 2009)                                           1,6Mean Score (in Std Dev from Global ...
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Redesigning engineering education for the 21 century richard miller

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Presentación apoyo - "Redesigning engineering education for the 21 century", por el profesor Richard Miller en el marco del "I encuentro Internacional de universidades tecnológicas" y "V Encuentro Universidad Empresa Estado" realizado en Cartagena de Indias 2011.

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Redesigning engineering education for the 21 century richard miller

  1. 1. From the Ground Up: Redesigning Engineering Education for the 21st Century Richard K. Miller, Ph.D. President Needham, MA 02492New Pedagocial and Curricular Approaches for Engineering Education International Conference on Technological Universities Unversidad Technológica de Bolívar Cartegena, Colombia August 25, 2011
  2. 2. Looking Back to the 20th Century: 2
  3. 3. NAE Grand Challenges for the 21st CenturySustainability, Health, Security, Joy of Living
  4. 4. The Pale Blue Dot• NASA, 1990 – Voyager 1• 3.8 billion miles (41 AU)• Carl Sagan – address at Cornell University, Oct 13, 1994
  5. 5. Educating Engineers Beyond Technology:The Increasing Need for Non-technical Education for Engineers • Minimizing Unintended Consequences • Systems Architects of Complex Systems with Technical, Form the Ground Up: Economic, Political, Social, even Religious Dimensions Engineering Education for Rethinking the 21st Century • Conceiving, Creating, and Managing the Technologies of the Grand Challenges • Engineering Innovators Who Make a Positive Difference in the World
  6. 6. Feasibility ViabilityEngineering Business andand Science Economics K-12 Education Desirability Psychology, Arts, Humanities, etc.
  7. 7. Feasibility Viability All other subjects All other subjects Feasibility Desirability Viability No Uniformly Accepted Standards For Feasibility or Viability
  8. 8. Feasibility Viability INNOVATION Desirability
  9. 9. How Can We Increase Creativity?Definitions:Creativity • Process of having original ideas and insightsInventiveness • Process of having original ideas and insights that have valueInnovation • Process of having original ideas and insights that have value, then implementing them so they touch many lives and make a positive difference in the worldEngineering Innovators:In general, engineers are people who envision what has neverbeen, and do whatever it takes to make it happen
  10. 10. Creativity & Cognition   YOUTUBE: Sir Ken Robinson (TED 2006)
  11. 11. Multiple Intelligences: Howard Gardner, Frames of Mind (1983) • All people have at least 7 “intelligences” • Linguistic Academic Intelligence (IQ, SAT, etc.) • Logical/mathematical • Spatial • Bodily-kinesthetic Artistic Intelligence • Musical • Interpersonal Persuasion, Management • Intrapersonal
  12. 12. A New Culture of LearningTraditional NewKnowledge Transfer Construct Knowledge“Can’t Do” “Can Do”Follow Orders Follow Your PassionsLearn in Class Learn 24 x 7Learn Alone Learn in Teams Pedagogy likeProblem-based Design-based Graduate School
  13. 13. A New Culture of Learning• Knowledge is becoming a commodity!• Attitudes, behaviors, and motivations are the new frontier• Creating Engineering Innovators: • Content • Feasibility • Viability • Desirability • Attitudes • Entrepreneurial thought and action • Design thinking (creativity skills) • Motivations • Intrinsic Motivation (Daniel Pink, Drive)
  14. 14. What We Teach vs. What They Need to Know• Engineering alumni report that engineering science is not as useful in their careers as design, communication, teamwork, and entrepreneurial thinking (Kristen Wolfe, “Understanding the Careers of the Alumni of the MIT Mechanical Engineering Department,” SB Thesis, June, 2004, MIT (supervised by Prof. Warren Seering)).• Prof. Woodie Flowers, “Man Who Waits for Roast Duck to Fly Into Mouth Must Wait a Very Long Time,” Engineer of the Future 2.0, Olin College, April 1, 2009. YouTube: Prof. Woodie Flowers on Education Reform
  15. 15. Prof. Warren Seering Kristen Wolfe June, 2004 S.B. ThesisUnderstanding the Careers ofthe Alumni of the MIT MechanicalEngineering Department Taken from “Man who waits for roast duck to fly into mouth must wait a very long time,” Presented by Prof. Woodie Flowers, MIT, on April 1, 2009, at Engineer of the Future 2.0, Olin College, Needham, MA. (Used with permission; video available on WWW)
  16. 16. surveyMITME Graduates1992 - 1996676 e-mail requests308 completed the survey46% response rate
  17. 17. Source100% did not80% else- where60% job40% grad school20% MIT 0% ungd
  18. 18. underlying sciencesunderlying mathematicsmechanics of solidsmechanical behavior of materialssystems dynamics and controldynamicsfluid mechanics MEthermodynamics coreheat transferengineering design processmanufacturing
  19. 19. engineering reasoning and problem solvingexperimentation and knowledge discoverysystem thinkingpersonal skills and attributesprofessional skills and attitudesindependent thinking professionalteamwork skillscommunications
  20. 20. testingdesigning how anddeveloping an idea whymarket contextenterprise and business contextexternal and societal context
  21. 21. Source100% did not80% else- where60% job40% grad school20% MIT 0% ungd ME professional how and core skills why
  22. 22. 100% used80% pervasively60%40% learned at20% MIT 0% ME professional how and core skills why
  23. 23. pervasivelynever Frequency of use lead/innovatenone Expected proficiency
  24. 24. not learned butteamwork pervasivecommunicationsprofessional skills and attributespersonal skills and attributesindependent thinking
  25. 25. underlying sciences learnedunderlying mathematics but seldomdynamicsheat transfer usedthermodynamicsmechanics of solidsfluid mechanicssystems dynamics and controlmechanical behavior of materials
  26. 26. The Need for Change in Engineering Education• Thomas L. Friedman, The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century• Council on Competitiveness, National Innovation Initiative• National Academy of Engineering, Rising Above the Gathering Storm• National Academy of Engineering, Educating the Engineer of 2020• D. Grasso, M. Brown-Burkins, Holistic Engineering Education: Beyond Technology (Springer, 2010) • Teamwork, communication, creativity, leadership, entrepreneurial thinking, ethical reasoning, global contextual analysis
  27. 27. What Is An Engineer?• Applied Scientist• noun: “a person who carries through an enterprise by skillful or artful contrivance,” (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)• Designer/Architect of a System, Process, or Device• Project/Team Leader• “To Engineer is to Make” (D. Chapman-Walsh)• “An Engineer is a person who envisions what has never been, and does whatever it takes to make it happen” “Scotty”
  28. 28. Engineering vs. Science The Process of Engineering DesignWhy Doesn’t it Work? Let’s Try It! (Test) (Prototype)Engineering is a Process, not a Body of Knowledge!
  29. 29. Engineering vs. Science The Process of Scientific Discovery Wow! Did You See That? Maybe It’s Because… (Observation) (Hypothesis) What Can We Conclude? If so, Then You Should See… (Analysis) (Test)Science is also a Dynamic Process, not a collection of Static Facts!
  30. 30. Olin College Overview• Undergraduate residential engineering education• Total enrollment of about 350• Nearly 50% women• BS degrees in ECE, ME, Engr only• 9-to-1 student/faculty ratio• Founded in 1997, first graduates in 2006• 75 acres and 400,000+ sq. ft. new buildings• Endowment > $1 million/student• Research expenditures ~ $1 million/yr• Adjacent to Babson College, Wellesley College• No academic departments• No tenure• Low tuition• Continuous improvement
  31. 31. Olin College Campus Needham, MA
  32. 32. Olin College Overview Olin College Where Do Olin Students Come From?
  33. 33. Blurring Boundaries VIABILITYFEASIBILITY DESIRABILITY
  34. 34. Some Features of the Olin Curriculum• Candidates’ Weekend: interviews required for admission• Extensive DESIGN core required• 40% of all courses involve Team design projects• SCOPE senior project: corporate sponsored, year-long ($50k/project)• EXPO at end of each semester: “stand and deliver”• Olin Self Study self-directed independent research required for graduation• AHS/E! Capstone project required for graduation• Study Away in Junior year• Summer internships: REU and corporate experience• Business and entrepreneurship: all students must start and run a business for a semester• Continuous improvement: expiration date on curriculum every 7 years• BUT, the learning culture is far more important than the curriculum!
  35. 35. Reflections Overall, Greatly Exceeded Our ExpectationsPositives Negatives• very successful alumni • concerns about balance: design• intense student engagement vs. advanced theory,• increased motivation and autonomy qualitative vs. quantitative• strong leadership potential design, etc.• entrepreneurial “disease” • student interest grows beyond• very high levels of teamwork engineering to include• faculty commitment to leadership, policy, lead change in education management, etc.• students ability to “stand and •alumni preference for small deliver,” manage projects, start-up companies and work with ill-structured •assessment challenges: metrics? problems • scalability?• strong engagement with Wellesley • growing resistance to change(!) and Babson Colleges
  36. 36. Student Engagement and Learning Outcomes• Educational research shows that the more students are enthusiastic and personally engaged in their studies, the more they learn, and the more they want to continue learning. (G. Kuh, E. Pascarella, A. Astin, etc.)• National Survey of Student Engagement (Indiana University) • More than 500 universities and 500,000 students in the US • Five major areas: 1. Level of Academic Challenge 2. Active and Collaborative Learning 3. Student-Faculty Interaction 4. Enriching Educational Experiences 5. Supportive Campus Environment Results for Olin College exceed 90%-ile level in 9 of 10 metrics
  37. 37. First year Student Engagement (NSSE 2009) 1,6Mean Score (in Std Dev from Global Mean) 1,4 1,2 1 0,8 Olin College Engineering 0,6 Liberal Arts NSSE 2009 All Univs. 0,4 0,2 0 -0,2 Level of Active and Student- Enriching Supportive Academic Collaborative Faculty Educational Campus Challenge Learning Interaction Experiences Environment

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