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Kelas Abad ke 21

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A very brief information on some of the basic principles and underlining ideas related to 21st century classroom. The slides are using mix languages (English and Malay).
Kindly provide me with appropriate responses for future improvement.

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Kelas Abad ke 21

  1. 1. PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN ABAD KE 21 DISEDIAKAN OLEH: MOKHZANI FADIR SISC+ BAHASA INGGERIS (MENENGAH) PPD LIPIS 8/1/2014 1
  2. 2. 8/1/2014 2
  3. 3. 8/1/2014 3
  4. 4. THE WORLD HAS CHANGED We have moved into a more demanding cognitive age, compelling people to become better at absorbing, processing and combining information. Can we learn to change with it? Who might our kindergarten children be working with on an on-the-job project in 2025? 8/1/2014 4
  5. 5. 8/1/2014 5
  6. 6. GLOBALIZATION IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THIS GENERATION Because of globalization—the ongoing process of intensifying economic, social, and cultural exchanges across the planet—young people the world over need more innovative thinking skills, cultural awareness, higher-order cognitive skills, and sophisticated communication and collaboration skills than ever before. 8/1/2014 6
  7. 7. A CHANGING ECONOMY MAKES “THINKING SKILLS” MORE IMPORTANT 1900 1950 2000 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Low skill jobs Knowledge work jobs Source: Partnership for 21st Century Skills http://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120 8/1/2014 7
  8. 8. 21 ST CENTURY WORLD The Future World of Work Creative Work — • Research • Development • Design • Marketing/Sales • Global Supply Chain Management Source: Partnership for 21st Century Skills http://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120 8/1/2014 8
  9. 9. Job Outlook 2002, National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) 8/1/2014 9
  10. 10. 7 survival skills in the 21st century; 1.Critical thinking and problem solving; 2.Collaboration across networks and leading by influence; 3.Agility and adaptability; 4.Initiative and entrepreneurship; 5.Effective oral and written communication; 6.Accessing and analyzing information; and 7. Curiosity and imagination. 8/1/2014 10
  11. 11. Di Malaysia, Kementerian telah mengenal pasti kemahiran abad ke-21 yang sesuai dengan konteks tempatan dan dapat menyediakan warga Malaysia untuk bersaing pada peringkat antarabangsa. Untuk itu, kurikulum kebangsaan bermatlamat untuk melahirkan murid yang seimbang, berdaya tahan, bersemangat ingin tahu, berprinsip, bermaklumat,patriotik, serta mempunyai kemahiran berfikir berkomunikasi, dan bekerja secara berpasukan KEMAHIRAN ABAD KE 21-KPM 8/1/2014 11
  12. 12. KURIKULUM 8/1/2014 12
  13. 13. 8/1/2014 13
  14. 14. Pembelajaran abad ke-20 8/1/2014 14
  15. 15. Pembelajaran abad ke-21 Dipimpin guru Arahan langsung Pengetahuan Kandungan Kemahiran asas Teori Kurikulum Individu Bilik darjah Pentaksiran sumatif Belajar untuk sekolah Berasaskan murid Pembelajaran kolaboratif Kemahiran Proses Pemikiran Aras Tinggi Praktikal Kemahiran hidup Berkumpulan Komuniti Pentaksiran formatif Belajar untuk kehidupan Keseimbangan 8/1/2014 15
  16. 16. “sekolah harus menyediakan peluang pendidikan dengan kurikulum berasaskan projek yang autentik dengan keadaan kehidupan sebenar, melibatkan murid menangani dan menyelesaikan masalah kehidupan sebenar serta isu yang penting dalam kehidupan sejagat. Pendidikan yang diberikan harus meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kreativiti murid dan pada masa yang sama membolehkan murid berfikir, menaakul, membuat keputusan yang bijak, bekerja sebagai ahli pasukan dan melihat perhubungan dan perkaitan antara ilmu yang dipelajari merentas kurikulum.” The American Association of School Administrators (AASA) 8/1/2014 16
  17. 17. Menggunakan teknologi untuk mengakses, mengurus, mengintegrasi dan menilai maklumat, menjana maklumat baru dan berkomunikasi dengan orang lain Kemahiran hidup & kerjaya Kemahiran Teknologi Maklumat, Komunikasi & Media Standard & Pentaksiran Kurikulum Pembangunan Profesional Persekitaran Pembelajaran •Literasi Maklumat •Literasi Media •Literasi Teknologi Maklumat & Komunikasi) •Kebolehsuaian & fleksibel •Mempunyai inisiatif dan terarah kendiri •Kemahiran sosial dan antara budaya •Produktiviti & akauntabiliti •Tanggungjawab dan kepimpinan •Kreativiti & Inovasi •Pemikiran Kritis dan Penyelesaian Masalah •Komunikasi & Kolaborasi Standard kemahiran Mata pelajaran teras dan tema Abad ke-21 Kemahiran belajar & Inovasi 8/1/2014 17
  18. 18. “Kandungan” bagi Abad ke-21 Kurikulum Teras + Tema • Kesedaran global • Literasi kewangan, ekonomi, perdagangan dan keusahawanan • Literasi sivik • Kesedaran Alam Sekitar • Kesedaran tentang aspek kesihatan & kesejahteraan 8/1/2014 18
  19. 19. Kemahiran belajar abad ke-21 • Kemahiran Maklumat & Komunikasi – Literasi maklumat & media – Kemahiran berkomunikasi • Kemahiran Berfikir Dan Menyelesaikan Masalah – Pemikiran kritikal dan Bersistem – Penyelesaian Masalah – Kreativiti & Semangat Meneroka • Kemahiran Interpersonal & Arah Kendiri – Kemahiran Interpersonal dan Kolaborasi – Arah Kendiri – Akauntabiliti & adaptasi – Tanggungjawab Sosial 8/1/2014 19
  20. 20. Perubahan kepada hasrat pendidikan Konteks pembelajaran baru membawa perubahan kepada apa yang dijangkakan melalui pendidikan dan ini melibatkan: – Kebolehan berkomunikasi – Kebolehsesuaian untuk berubah – Kebolehan bekerja dalam pasukan – Kesediaan menyelesaikan masalah – Kebolehan menganalisis dan mengkonsepsikan – Kebolehan membuat refleksi dan menambah baik – Kebolehan mengurus kendiri – Kebolehan mencipta, membuat inovasi dan mengkritik – Kebolehan untuk belajar sepanjang hayat – Kebolehan untuk mahir dalam pelbagai bidang (cross specialist ) 8/1/2014 20
  21. 21. Kurikulum yang direkabentuk menuntut kita untuk membuat pilihan tentang apakah yang penting pada masa kini bagi membantu pelajar untuk masa depan mereka. 8/1/2014 21
  22. 22. CIRI-CIRI INSAN MURID YANG DIHASRATKAN Kreatif Berupaya Membuat Hubung-kait Menyoal Bijak berkomunikasi Yakin – mengambil risiko Dahagakan ilmu Ingin tahu Menjana idea Fleksibel Tidak berputus asa Mendengar dan membuat refleksi Kritikal Berkemahiran mampu mencorak Menguasai kemahiran literasi Berani Mencuba Mampu berfikir sendiri Membuat inisiatif Mampu bekerja dengan orang lain Membuat perubahan berintegriti Berkeperibadian tinggi Semangat ‘ sentiasa boleh’ Belajar dari kesilapan Berdikari 8/1/2014 22
  23. 23. RUANG BILIK DARJAH 8/1/2014 23
  24. 24. Nair and Fielding, “the ‘early 20th century school design standard (was) modeled after Henry Ford’s factory production methods’. Model T.” 8/1/2014 24
  25. 25. It is a philosophy that starts with the assumption that a predetermined number of students will all learn the same thing at the same time from the same person in the same way in the same place for several hours each day. (Nair, Fielding); The Language of School Design: Design Patterns for 21st Century Schools 8/1/2014 25
  26. 26. 21st century classroom setting To align physical; learning space with mental learning space Students actively engaged with their own learning Developing learning autonomy 8/1/2014 26
  27. 27. Design for multiple rhythms in the same classroom Allow every one to be seen and heads Take advantage of new media Support the dynamic presentation of information Design for mentoring and apprenticeship Design for temporary ownership of space DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM 8/1/2014 27
  28. 28. Campfire A way to learn from experts or storytellers Watering hole Learning prom peers For small group discourse and collaboration Cave Places to learn from yourself For individual study, refelction, quiet reading and creative flow PRIMORDIAL LEARNING METAPHORS Collin, Steve; Classroom for the 21st century 8/1/2014 28
  29. 29. Campfire A way to learn from experts or storytellers Watering hole Learning prom peers For small group discourse and collaboration Cave Places to learn from yourself For individual study, refelction, quiet reading and creative flow Life Where you bring it all together and apply is as in the real world PRIMORDIAL LEARNING METAPHORS 8/1/2014 29
  30. 30. 1) Student-centric: - students play an active role in their learning and teachers serve as mere guides. - Put students’ interests first and are focused on each student’s needs, abilities and learning styles. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 8/1/2014 30
  31. 31. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 2 ) Computing devices: - Computers are readily available in modern classrooms, since they are essential tools for 21st century students and replace the utilities of pen and paper. - Computing devices greatly assist in teaching and learning and make them more engaging and effective. 8/1/2014 31
  32. 32. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 3) Active learning: In modern classrooms, students are actively engaged in what they learn. Students participate in more active learning by working in groups or on computers and complete projects and other interesting activities that help them discover new skills. 8/1/2014 32
  33. 33. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 4) Adaptive learning: Any classroom will always have students of different types of learning abilities in it which often makes it difficult for teachers to make sure that all of them understand the concepts. 8/1/2014 33
  34. 34. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 5) Invitational environment: The classrooms should not be cramped or overcrowded. Modern classrooms should have the basic material required for teaching such as, interactive whiteboards and LCD projectors 8/1/2014 34
  35. 35. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 6) Students understand and follow the rules and procedures: The learning environment is carefully planned and well-organized. Class rules, procedures, and notices of upcoming activities are posted in convenient places to help students stay on track. 8/1/2014 35
  36. 36. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 7 ) Mutual respect: - Teachers and students should always have respect for each other. - teachers should encourage students to speak with confidence and value their opinions - students should also co-operate with and respect their classmates. 8/1/2014 36
  37. 37. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 8) Students take responsibility of their learning: As students are encouraged to actively participate in their own learning, they become responsible for their learning 8/1/2014 37
  38. 38. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 9) Performance-based assessments: Regular performance-based assessments are carried out by teachers through various methods which are not restricted to tests. 8/1/2014 38
  39. 39. THE TOP 10 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOM ARE: 10) Collaborative learning: Learning through collaboration is one of the most effective forms of learning. 8/1/2014 39
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  44. 44. CAMPFIRE WATERING HOLE CAVE 8/1/2014 44
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  46. 46. GURU 8/1/2014 46
  47. 47. From primary role as a dispenser of information to orchestrator of learning and helping students turn information into knowledge, and knowledge into wisdom. 8/1/2014 47
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