Minsk Presentation


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  • Minsk Presentation

    1. 1. The Minsk Ghetto
    2. 2. The Minsk ghetto was one of the only Ghettos established within the Soviet Union. With the largest group of Soviet Jews, the ghetto’s proximity to the soviet resistance, and pre war relations, resistance and survival took many forms.
    3. 3. Before War Relations The Soviet Union’s pursuit of communism created a social setting that referred to each individual as a fellow worker. Though their were Jewish communities within larger cities, many Jewish families and individuals moved freely, dispersing their community. As a result, there was no concentrated sector within the Soviet Union.
    4. 4. As the Third Reich’s army drew closer to Minsk, the citizens dug trenches, impromptu barriers, and watch towers. But the confidence in the Soviet Government became bitter as city officials fled Minsk with trucks loaded, not with their people, but with their personal possessions.
    5. 5. The Nazi presence in Minsk Upon arrival of the German army, a decree was posted on every public place in Minsk. This charter enforced every person found to be Jewish, to move into the new “Jewish Quarter” of the city. Those did not follow procedure were killed.
    6. 6. The Minsk Ghetto The first action taken upon the Jewish Quarter was the separation of the educated and skilled. (These individuals were either killed outright or moved to a death camp.) With the Minsk ghetto many families fled to this ghetto because elsewhere, Jewish people were being killed outright by the Nazis. Many believed they had a chance at Minsk. Issues of overcrowding and congestion quickly became a growing health issue.
    7. 7. No bystanding on barbed wire Because of pre war relations among all workers, many individuals and groups who were non Jewish, resisted Nazi law to save children, transport food, and provide shelter for runaways. Because of a lack of resources and German control in the east, weak barbed wire fences surrounded the Jewish Quarter. Many simply crawled to safety in the night.
    8. 8. The Resistance of Minsk
    9. 9. The resistance of Minsk took the form and essence of survival. Unlike the revolt of Warsaw, the Minsk ghetto concentrated on the transport of as many people to the partisan groups within the forest. Though an exact estimate is unknown, historians believe that 10,000 - 15,000 people succesfully escaped to join the resistance.
    10. 10. The Children of Minsk In cooperation with the hospital in Minsk, mothers brought their children to the hospitals, where they would be transported to non Jewish families. (It is thought that 7,000 children were saved in this way.)
    11. 11. The Judenrat The Judenrat also played a role in the resistance of the ghetto. Often giving false names, or the names of the already deceased they postponed the deportation and deaths of many. Stopping revolt plans to protect the already endangered Jews, the Judenrat were both respected and understood by within the Jewish Quarter.